Who said that reading da Alzheimer was totally wrong. At 88, Margo Glantz is more lucid than ever. The renowned Mexican writer, essayist, literary critic and Mexican academic is the author of works that reflect themes related to women such as eroticism, sexuality and body.
Visiting Lima, Glantz will present his new book " And to look at everything, I could not see anything " this Thursday, August 2, at the FIL Lima accompanied by his friend, also writer Mario Bellatin.
Lover of Twitter , to the point of tweeting by "irreparable vice" Margo Glantz spoke with RPP News and reflected on the role of current feminism, the role of women , the embracing of social networks and defended the fragmentary writing model, which he uses in his texts.
He arrives in Lima to present his new book, "And to look at everything, I did not see anything."
It's a book that I published in June and I was writing for a year and a half. The pretext was social networks, it is a reflection on them. But much more than social networks, which gave me pabulum to organize material, reflect on a phenomenon that is very old but has grown and has become critical, which is that there is a kind of bombardment of news without there being a hierarchy between them. This makes any news, however terrible or banal, end up having the same appreciation.
Fragmentary writing, which is the style you use, has many critics …
There they are. I say that fragmentary writing is as lawful as any kind of writing. It's the one I choose to do. I do not work the isolated fragment. In my previous book, called "Saña", there are longer texts but they have a density strong enough to signify. But the most important meaning is the set of texts that make the fragment something that allows to build a kind of mosaic. Those fragments are going to have a legibility because they are going to conform something very visible. Poetry is also very fragmentary. On the part of Japan we have the tradition of haiku, which in very brief words, with limited but extraordinary writing, tells us a lot. That's why I think the fragment is as valid as any type of writing, and I choose that to work complete books.
A clear example of the use of "fragments" is Twitter, a social network of which you are a regular user.
Twitter suggested many things to me, it seemed important to me politically and literarily, because you could say very important and verbalized things in 140 characters, something that was already finished, because now it has spread and became a speech. Strange Twitter at that level, because it demanded, work with very defined constraints and one of them was the limitation to 140 characters. It caught my attention because it allowed me to synthesize, it was a very interesting way of working literarily …
A few days ago he posted on his Twitter that he did not know what to tweet, but it was an irreparable vice.
(laughs) I've become vicious in a way. It is a kind of addiction and that has diminished my vision. And I only use the cell phone to see news. I read a lot through Twitter and that has affected me, that's why I have to operate on my eyes. So I guess that will also happen to you young people. Take care and wear glasses … [bueno, ese fue un] stupid message.
Ironically, his great friend Mario Bellatin assures that social networks are a muddy terrain …
He confesses great enemy, but all days he grows them (laughs). Mario is a Facebook fanatic. Now, he is quite provocative and says many things. But he's right, [las redes sociales] they're like a swamp, and one every time he goes in there, he sinks deeper into them.
How do you see Lima as the capital of literature in Latin America?
I was at the fair at the beginning of 2000 and it was very precarious indeed. I was in an improvised place, with very few kiosks and very few readers. Compared to the Guadalajara fair, it seemed to be very minor. But over the years it has become a very important fair and that is very good, especially in a time of editorial crisis, in which the industry has totally changed its meaning. Last Sunday I was at the fair and I was surprised by the great presence of people, many people, many children, young and old. It is interesting for me to have come many years ago and see the evolution of your organization. Even more made in a park, which is not made for a fair, it looks so well organized. It is a great incentive because I do not know how much the publishing industry improves, but seeing the Lima Book Fair is something very positive for me.
It seems that the evolution of the publishing industry was in the digital books and the proliferation of Booktubers …
Well, in spite of everything I see that the paper book has not died. It is in crisis, but that allows innovation in front of the market and the web. I'm pretty optimistic about it.
One of his participations, in addition to the presentation of his book, is a discussion about the role of women in these times. Now that we talk so much about female empowerment how do you see women over the years?
I hate the word "empowerment," which is something that comes from the United States, comes from "empowering." I think that like social networks, it is a very positive phenomenon and also negative, because it promotes awareness of a terrible phenomenon such as the role of women socially, sexually, harassment, rape, feminicide … which are terrible . We must be aware of the possibility that women have their own bodies at all levels, including abortion and those kinds of things that seem fundamental to me to legislate. As long as the possibility of abortion is not released, then the woman will have no right over her own body. And at the same time there has been a phenomenon of inquisitorial (sic) and to make the slightest violation of certain norms produce such a violent criticism that the named characters become pariahs of society. That seems excessive because it can lead to fascism. There are very faint levels between fascism and liberation, because the extremes are touched. You have to be aware of that because it has become a very uncritical way of facing things, very "a rajatabla".
Now that he talks about sexual harassment, literature is also suffering from this scourge with the cases uncovered in the Swedish Academy …
The Swedish Academy's thing seems to me a corruption problem that is very good that they fight it . The sexual favors because it is deeply harmful, has made women and young people suffer with this normalized violence. But I also insist that very often you want to censor the literature of other centuries. For example, "Madame Bovary", it is said "how can a woman commit suicide". Or they want to change the ending of "Carmen" of (Georges) Bizet, because she is murdered by Don José. Another case is that we want the books of Virginia Wolff or Agatha Christie to be removed from the libraries, because their heloins were married because it is a form of "estrangement of women", which seems sinister, ridiculous, and it seems that return a duty. All these kinds of things become a very violent end, but without that means I agree with sexual harassment. You have to think things through before acting in an irrational way.
What do you think about inclusive language, born in Argentina?
Oh, I think that's ridiculous too. Like all politically correct language. When I started teaching in Berklee a few years ago, the politically correct language started to become a brutal construction, which instead of freeing the language, it constricted and made it completely stupid. For example, say "old age" instead of "old"; or "on the street" instead of calling someone "beggar". All those kinds of things that are invented are also a form of overlapping fascism. I think that the language has been patriarchal, but it should be nuanced the way to censor the language instead of doing it to the letter.