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Paris Agreement: Who leads climate change?

The Paris Agreement pushed signatories to reduce their carbon production and stop global warming below two degrees centigrade before the end of the century.

The agreement was announced as "the end of the era of fossil fuels" and "a victory" for the entire planet "during the following days.

However, less than 18 months later, the United States, the The world's largest economy and the second largest carbon emitter, confirmed that it was withdrawing from the agreement.

While former President Barack Obama described the Paris agreement as "the best chance we have" to save the only planet we have " His successor, President Donald Trump, is far from being so complimentary.
The climate pact was formed around the voluntary commitments reviewed and re-evaluated every five years. But Trump has declared that he sees the agreement as unfair to the United States and bad for American jobs.
As things stand, the United States will be the only country in the world that will not subscribe to the agreement when it completes the long withdrawal process in 2020.
  President Donald Trump has withdrawn the United States from the Paris Agreement about the climate change.

How has the world responded?

Mark Lynas, a British author, journalist and environmental activist who focuses on climate change, says that Trump's decision has only served to "galvanize" the rest of the world.

He also left the stage clear for other leaders to shine on the subject.

French President Emmanuel Macron invited scientists, businessmen and NGO workers to move to his country shortly after Trump announced that the United States was moving away from the Paris text.

Macron also promised "Make our planet great again", a pointy game on the slogan "Make the United States big again".
Elsewhere, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi said it would be a "morally criminal act". world to not play its part in climate change. Both the European Union and China, meanwhile, have promised to push the Paris Agreement.
Chinese President Xi Jinping even spoke of his country becoming the "torch bearer" of ecological issues at the Communist Party of China Congress in October.
At the recent COP 23 event in Bonn, Germany, representatives from more than 190 countries met to discuss the next stages of the implementation of the Paris Agreement and how commitments could be increased.

Cassie Flynn, global advisor on climate change in the UN Development Program, says that these developments show that "the momentum around the Paris Agreement certainly continues."

Many small and less developed nations of the world are also intensifying and Flynn adds, a fact emphasized by the Pacific island nation of Fiji presiding over COP 23.

Is the world on track to reduce emissions ?

According to Climate Action Tracker, the world remains an important way to meet its emissions reduction goals, even with US cooperation.

The independent group of research organizations, which estimates the cuts that countries must make to avoid two degrees of warming, calculates a 3.2-degree jump before the end of the century when existing pledges are included.

The head of the UN Environment Agency, Erik Solheim, acknowledged both last month when he wrote that the current pledges "c no more than a third of the necessary emission reductions".

Lynas says it has been "much more difficult to get away from fossil fuels than anyone thought", while the expansion of renewable energy has not happened as fast as expected.

This worries him about the difficulties to ensure the two degrees the goal is met even with the political will to do so.

Flynn, however, is more optimistic. She believes that Paris has provided the basic framework required for countries to work together. However, ambitions must be increased "as quickly as possible … (to) keep our emissions low and increase our resistance to climate change," he adds.

Why is leadership important in the absence of the United States?

Some believe that the withdrawal of EE. UU It could affect the way the Paris Pact develops.

Rob Bailey, director of research on energy, environment and resources in the UK The Chatham House expert group says that one of the main reasons for reaching a significant agreement in Paris was US and Chinese cooperation.

  Chinese workers travel as smoke from a coal power plant on November 25, 2015 in Shanxi, China. [19659030] Chinese workers travel like smoke billows from a coal power plant on November 25, 2015 in Shanxi, China.

This made it clear from the start that the two biggest polluters in the world – China accounts for 28% of global carbon emissions from fuel combustion and USA UU 15%, according to the Union of Concerned Scientists – were on board.

With the demise of America, Bailey questions whether China can be so ambitious without the dynamics created by another important partner like the United States.

Highlights the difficulties affecting other potential partners, such as the EU, which is politically concerned about Brexit and the refugee crisis.

  A Chinese man and his son wear masks to protest against pollution as they walk through a commercial area with a lot of smog on December 8, 2015 in Beijing, China.

Lynas, however, believes that China has indicated that it will "exploit its role as a leader" in this issue and "find support from most of the rest of the world" in if it does.

Taking the lead in climate will also play well for President Xi given that pollution is a major problem in many cities, adds Lynas.

Substate Cities and Actors

Former President Obama recently described leaders of cities, states and nonprofit organizations as the new leadership on climate change.
Obama spoke at an event in Chicago in which mayors from around the world signed a letter that sought to emulate the Paris agreement. from a city instead of the nation state level.
Many American mayors and governors have rejected Trump's isolationism on the issue.
Former Mayor of the City of New York, Michael Bloomberg, and Governor of California, Jerry Brown, founded America's Pledge, an initiative that seeks to unite states, cities, businesses, universities and citizens to ensure that The United States complies with the objectives of the Paris Agreement.

Lynas says that cities in the United States are "keeping the flame alive" for the time being, while Flynn also highlights the work done in other major cities such as London and Paris, as they aim to reduce emissions.

In addition, he points out that private companies and some of the largest companies in the world realize that "tackling climate change is simply good business".

Even with the main companies, cities and national states on board, however, the battle to achieve the ambitious objectives of the Paris Agreement is just beginning.

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