Paradise Papers Explainer: Is the Queen exempt from tax?

queen elizabeth
Elizabeth II meets residents at Priory View, an unbiased
dwelling scheme for older residents, in Dunstable as a part of a
go to to Bedfordshire.

Nicholls/PA Wire/PA Images

  • The Queen was named within the dataleak dubbed the
    “Paradise Papers,” after the Duchy of Lancaster was discovered to
    have invested in offshore funds.
  • An funding was additionally made in rent-to-own retailer
    Brighthouse, which was criticised earlier this 12 months for being
  • There isn’t any suggestion the Queen or Royal Household are
    concerned in wrongdoing.
  • The Queen is formally exempt from tax, however makes
    voluntary funds on earnings, belongings and positive aspects not used for
    official functions.


LONDON — The Queen of England is likely one of the world’s wealthiest
people to have been named within the
Paradise Papers dataleak
, however has she completed something fallacious?

The leak, handed to the International Consortium of Investigative
Journalists (ICIJ) and printed on Sunday, particulars the complicated
monetary preparations that enable a number of the world’s
wealthiest to legally cover their cash and belongings offshore,

organized by offshore regulation agency Appleby

According to the paperwork, the Duchy of Lancaster, which
gives the Queen with a few of her earnings and offers with
investments for her £500 million non-public property, invested as a lot
as £10 million offshore in funds primarily based within the Cayman Islands and

“Our funding technique relies on recommendation and advice
from our funding consultants and acceptable badet
allocation,” Chris Adbad, CFO of the Duchy advised the BBC.

“The Duchy has solely invested in extremely regarded non-public fairness
funds following a powerful advice from our funding
consultants,” he mentioned.

However, about £four,000 was invested in rent-to-own retailer
Brighthouse, which was final month discovered by the Financial
Conduct Authority
to not be a “accountable lender
,” and was criticised in 2011
by charity Barnardo’s for being “morally
.” The Duchy
reportedly didn’t know
of the funding in Britghthouse
till it was approached by The Guardian.

The Duchy mentioned it had not obtained tax benefits from investing
offshore, and that the Brighthouse holding now equates to £three,208.
There isn’t any suggestion that the investments are unlawful, or that
the Queen is illegally evading tax.

However, the revelations have sparked debate about whether or not the
Queen must be investing offshore and the way a lot oversight is
given to investments.

I do not badume something will prime the *precise* Queen having a monetary curiosity in BrightHouse as a metaphor for the state of the UK.

— Roddy McHardy (@Radgecase) November 5, 2017


Speaking on the CBI convention on Monday
, Labour chief
Jeremy Corbyn mentioned the Queen, and anybody making offshore
investments, ought to apologise.

The Queen’s tax standing 

According to the
Royal Household
, the Monarchy has “typically been described
as an costly establishment, with Royal funds shrouded in
confusion and secrecy.” In actuality, it says, the Household
is “dedicated to making sure that public cash is spent as properly
and successfully as attainable, and to creating Royal funds as
clear and understandable as attainable.”

A 2013 Memorandum
of Understanding
 outlined that the Queen is
not legally liable to pay earnings tax, capital positive aspects tax
or inheritance tax. Instead, the Queen and the Prince of
Wales make voluntary funds to the UK tax authority HM Revenue
and Customs (HMRC), however the particulars of the funds are

However, the Sovereign Grant is exempt. This Grant is an
annual cost that funds the Queen’s official duties,
and was £42.eight million
($56 million) in 2016/17

In essence, the Queen receives this cost in alternate
for giving the federal government all however the equal of
15% of earnings from the Crown Estate
. It covers bills
together with the household’s journey, palace repairs and royal
worker salaries, and the accounts are audited by the National
Audit Office and the Public Accounts Committee.

But earnings tax is paid on non-public sources of the Queen’s earnings,
often known as the Privy Purse, and on buying and selling earnings. This
contains the Duchy of Lancaster, a portfolio of land and
belongings owned by the royal household. The Duchy of Cornwall, one other
portfolio of properties, covers the Prince of Wales’ and his
heirs’ prices.

According to Sovereign Grant accounts
, earnings from the
Duchies of Lancaster and Cornwall that go in the direction of the Privy Purse
“is taxed to the extent that the earnings just isn’t used for official

Capital positive aspects tax is simply paid by the Queen on positive aspects from
the disposal of personal belongings from April 1993

So, there you have got it. It’s tough.

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