On Monday, the US Food and Drug Administration. UU He issued his strongest condemnation of teen vaping, after the publication of new data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. According to the CDC, one in five high school students was dedicated to vaping training in 2018, a significant jump compared to 2017. The head of the FDA, Scott Gottlieb, came to call one of the "greatest health challenges" public "of the agency.
The data comes from the National Youth Tobacco Survey, a large national representative survey of high school and high school students across the country. (In 2017, more than 17,000 students from 241 schools responded to the survey).
Last November, the CDC released preliminary data from the survey, which estimated that more than 3.6 million children used electronic cigarette products at least once in the past 30 days during 2018. That's 1.5 million more children than they were. believes they did the same in 2017 On Monday, the CDC published a new report that puts the trend of young people vaping in the context of general tobacco consumption.
Electronic cigarettes are considered a tobacco product by the CDC and the FDA, despite the fact that there is no real tobacco in them. That said, the nicotine that is usually vaped in these products is derived from the tobacco plant, although not from the same class of cigarettes that are smoked (and there is at least one company that is trying to make synthetic nicotine and no tobacco be one thing).
According to the definition of the CDC, in the year 2018 there were 4.9 million young users of tobacco products. More than one in four high school students (27 percent) used tobacco products, while one in 14 high school students (7.2 percent) did the same. Among high school students, that represents an increase of 38 percent over 2017, due entirely to electronic cigarettes; Nearly 21 percent of high school students had vaped in 2018. It is difficult to say how many of these users were regular vaperos, as opposed to someone who simply Experienced in the last month. But according to the CDC, the percentage of those who used electronic cigarettes frequently (defined as vaping at least 20 of the last 30 days) also increased in 2018, from 20 percent of users to 28 percent.
While vaping is probably less harmful than traditional cigarettes, the FDA and some (but not all) studies have suggested that teens who vape are more likely to switch to tobacco cigarettes, including some who would never have smoked. If this change occurred on a sufficiently large scale, tobacco experts have worried, slowed or even reversed a steady decline in tobacco consumption rates, undoubtedly one of the country's main public health victories.
"We must prevent trends in the use of electronic cigarettes in young people continue to increase and we will take the necessary measures to ensure that these children do not become future smokers," Gottlieb said in a statement.
Last November, along with CDC's publication of vaping data for adolescents, the FDA announced that it would enforce strong restrictions, but not a total ban, on flavored electronic cigarette products sold in stores. Juul Labs, whose modern, nicotine-rich products have been selected as being especially attractive to teens, advanced the FDA's response by announcing that it would recall most of its flavored products from physical stores.
However, the FDA has not stopped there. Last week, it initiated legal action against two Walmart and Circle K stores for selling tobacco products to minors (if the shares were approved, it would prevent stores from selling tobacco for 30 days). The agency also notified Walgreens, and Gottlieb said it would seek to arrange a meeting with the retail chain to discuss its repeated violations in the sale of tobacco products to minors. Gottlieb also criticized Juul for his name recently for not doing enough to address the teen problem, especially in light of his $ 13 billion deal with tobacco giant Altria last year, which he gave the company a 35 percent stake in Juul bets.
The new CDC report offers a stark contrast to a large study in the United Kingdom published last month, which found that electronic cigarettes, along with behavioral counseling, could help smokers quit more effectively than smokers. traditional treatments such as nicotine patch or gum.
While Gottlieb said that electronic cigarettes may still play a role in reducing smoking rates, he also reiterated that the agency "will not allow that opportunity to come at the expense of a new generation of children getting nicotine." We must close the entrance ramp of nicotine addiction for children, even if there is a risk of reducing the smoking ramp for adults. "[FDA, CDC]