Visitors to national parks will not be able to use the full services of the restrooms. Tourists will not be able to enter the National Air and Space Museum after Sunday. The Internal Revenue Service will stop issuing refunds, but will also stop performing audits.
At first glance, the tangible consequences of the last closure of the government may seem less than overwhelming. After all, the mail will still be delivered, the control towers of the airport will continue with personnel and the border patrol will continue to watch the country. But in big and small ways, the closure that began at midnight on Friday could affect almost every aspect of American life.
The Commodity Futures Trading Commission will stop investigating the new complaints of victims and will take new measures against those suspected of having committed illegal acts. The National Labor Relations Board will stop investigating the charges of violation of workers' rights. The Land Administration Office will stop issuing permits for oil and gas drilling. The Federal Aviation Administration will stop issuing approvals for drones. The Department of Justice will suspend the civil litigation. The government will stop issuing Social Security cards, and anyone who tries to visit a US military cemetery. UU Abroad you will find yourself locked at the door.
Agencies have no shortage of options to declare something of what they do exempt from closure. Government functions that do not depend on the annual allocations of Congress, for example, the activity financed by user fees or multi-year funds, will continue; so will the activity that Congress has specifically exempted. Perhaps the biggest exemption is any function that is considered "necessary for the safety of human life or the protection of property".
You can not guess how long the closing will last; it is also what part will have more guilt. But as long as it continues, the closure demonstrates the almost infinite ways in which the federal government has come to affect the economy, the financial sector, the workplace and the environment.
The Treasury Department, which includes the IRS, will send home more than 83 percent of its 88,268 workers.
- About 1,000 employees will remain in place to manage debt, monitor and international financial markets and coordinate policies. Another 2,800 workers are exempt from the closure to avoid interruptions in the functions of debt, debt collection, investment, debt accounting and Social Security disbursements.
- In the IRS, tax refunds may take longer, depending on how long the closing lasts. The agency lists the work related to the issuance of reimbursements between tasks that will not be exempt from closure. But I did not expect to begin accepting 2017 tax returns until January 29.
- Other IRS functions that will be suspended include audits, non-automated collections and processing of amended 1040X returns, according to a contingency plan dated January 17. A more detailed list can be found here.)
- An IRS spokesman did not comment on how a closure would affect the implementation of the new tax law.
The Executive Office of the President will be drastically reduced, according to a memo posted Friday night.
- The note called for reducing the total number of workers in the office to 659, from the approximately 1,715 people on the staff.
- The White House Office, a subset of the executive office that includes many of the functions closest to the president's decision making, will be reduced from 371 employees to only 152.
- Twenty-one people will remain in residence executive, as well as a person in the residence of the vice president.
- Fourteen staff members will work in the Office of the Vice President, 16.
- The National Security Council will retain all but one of its 45 staff members.
- Eight people will remain on the Council of Economic Advisers, 24.
Securities and Exchange Commission
Operations on the Securities and Exchange Commission will be drastically reduced.
- Despite charging fees from participants in the markets it regulates, Wall Street's main regulator will reduce its staff to nearly 300 employees from nearly 4,600, according to an agency plan published in December.
- The SEC plans to continue operating its Edgar Corporate File System. But it will not approve registrations for investment advisors, issue interpretative guidelines or review many pending applications or registrations of new financial products.
- The commission will continue to deal with emergency compliance measures, such as temporary restraining orders against accused market cheaters. And it will continue monitoring your system for suggestions, complaints and referrals and operating its information systems, in accordance with the plan.
In the Commodity Futures Trading Commission of 675 people, the country's main swaps regulator, the vast majority of activity also comes to a halt.
- According to a plan submitted to the White House on Friday, only 69 essential employees will remain on the job to try to ensure "as far as possible, the supervision of derivatives markets and monitor those markets to make sure they are free from fraud and manipulation. "
- Even so, the" large volume "of work of the commission will cease, according to the plan. For example, the application division of the agency will stop reviewing and investigating new complaints from victims, or take new measures against violators. Many market monitoring activities will also cease.
Business and Economics
The closing is likely to be to postpone the publication of economic data that will change the market, depending on how long it continues.
- In 2013, the monthly employment report of the Department of Labor for September was delayed 18 days, while the release of the October fig was delayed by one week.
- Department of Commerce data was also delayed, including retail sales and housing starts, along with industrial production figures from the Federal Reserve.
- The Department of Agriculture's National Agricultural Statistics Service, which publishes important data for livestock and crop traders, will not publish any reports on the day the government closes, according to department spokesman Damon Thompson.
- For the functions of the central bank that are not With respect to economic data, it is likely to continue as before, given that the Fed does not depend on the money allocated by Congress to operate. That means checks will still be cleared and FedWire, used by the financial industry for large and time-sensitive credit payments, will continue to run.
- The United States Patent and Trademark Office, which depends on user fees and does not receive tax dollars, said it has enough money to remain open "for a few weeks" to process the hundreds of thousands of applications patents on new inventions or trademarks for new products.
- The Federal Communications Commission has funds to remain open until January 26, spokesman Brian Hart said in an email. During the closing of 2013, the agency stopped accepting the presentations and stopped certifying that the new electronic devices do not cause interference.
- Agricultural Services Agency offices in rural counties across the country will be closed and federal payments will not be processed, according to the Department of Agriculture.
Workplace Safety and Work
Many programs in the Department of Labor designed to help workers stop. Other federal offices designed to protect workers' rights will also close their doors.
- The Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs, which requires compliance of contractors with labor and civil rights laws, will cease to operate.
- The Commercial Adjustment Assistance Program will stop processing new requests for assistance from workers who have lost their jobs due to competition or relocation.
- The National Labor Relations Board will stop dealing with the cases.
- The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, which applies civil rights laws in the workplace, will stop investigating the charges and answer questions from the public.
- The Occupational Health and Safety Administration will send home three-quarters of its staff, and suspend most occupational safety inspections. Some exceptions will be made, such as investigating "situations of imminent danger", addressing the first responder's warnings of "high risk of death" and following up on "serious serious infractions".
Energy & Environment
Oil, gas and coal companies should have little impact on day-to-day operations, as several federal agencies use non-recurring allocations and use exemptions to secure most permits continue to flow and the inspectors do not stop examining drilling platforms and coal mines.
- The employees of the Bureau of Land Administration will continue to patrol the oil and gas fields to prevent theft.
- The Environmental Protection Agency is expected to operate normally for at least a week, and employees have been told to show up for work on Monday.
- Inspectors from the Department of the Interior will continue to visit offshore drilling platforms, and inspectors from the Department of Labor will evaluate high-priority mines.
- In case of platform fire, mine accident or spill of chemical products, federal employees would continue to be deployed.
- But the federal government will stop issuing some permits for the drilling of oil and gas, at least for the sites on land, since the Bureau of Land Administration plans to stop that activity during a closure.
- Offshore, it's a different story, since the Department of the Interior plans to maintain the necessary permits to start new drilling in federal waters. However, the requested modifications of the permit must be considered on a case-by-case basis. The Department of the Interior has said it will postpone planned public meetings on the Trump administration's proposal to potentially sell drilling rights in most of the US coastal waters. UU
- The Department of Energy "will be open for business on Monday," even if there is a government shutdown, spokeswoman Shaylyn Hynes said in an email on Friday.
- Programs that could be closed if there is a prolonged closure include the Advanced Research Projects-Energy Agency, or ARPA-E; Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, which finances the research of new technologies; and the Office of Fossil Energy, which carries out research and development activities in coal, oil and natural gas.
- The Department of Energy may use unspent funds from the previous fiscal year for its operations.
- The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, an independent agency that oversees oil pipelines and transmission lines, has the authority to continue operating as usual, using the remaining funds from previous years. The agency had $ 32 million in budgetary authority with no obligation to pay at the end of the last fiscal year, enough to conduct regular business for weeks. If the closure persists long enough to exhaust those funds, some work will be suspended. Five commissioners and 49 staff members would stay to monitor energy markets, the reliability of the power grid and maintain inspections of natural gas and hydroelectric facilities.
Parks & Public Lands
The administration is taking measures to mitigate the effect in the national parks, which were generally closed in previous closures.
"National parks and other public lands will remain as accessible as possible, while complying with all applicable laws and procedures," said Interior Department spokeswoman Heather Swift.
- The Trump administration plans to keep some parks open and concessions: Most outdoor "outdoor baths," such as composting toilets and pits, and open roads must remain open; camps, full restrooms, and other services that require personnel and maintenance will not be. can allow private concessionaires to continue operations, provided they find a way to remove snow and garbage without government personnel.
- Any closure represents a threat to local economies that depend on tourism money linked to visits to the park, facilities to the hotels, shops and restaurants outside of them, this is the high season for Some sites, including Death Valley and the Everglades. During the government's closure in 2013, five governors agreed to retake the account and spend state dollars to reopen at least a dozen national parks.
- National forests will remain accessible, but they are not officially open, said Department of Agriculture spokesman Tim Murtaugh in an interview. The visitor centers will be closed and park rangers will not be at work. However, the police will continue to be present in the forests for visitors entering at their own risk, he said.
The transport system will operate close to its normal level, at least initially.
- The air traffic division of the Federal Aviation Administration will continue to guide flights and the Transportation Security Administration will operate the airport's security checkpoints, according to the plans of the agencies.
- While the FAA's air safety inspectors will initially be suspended, the agency's plan is to gradually bring those employees back to work to ensure that airlines and other aircraft operators are safe, the agency said.
- The FAA will stop approving drone operations that require exemptions, the development of new air traffic technologies and the training of new Trollers air traffic scams.
- A closure will delay work on certification of new FAA aircraft. Approvals for two models of Boeing Co. that are expected to be completed in a few days could be affected, said the National Association of Air Traffic Controllers, a union that represents FAA certification workers.
- Agencies that monitor borders – Customs and Border Protection and the Immigration and Customs Service – are largely exempt from having to lay off employees during a closure.
- Most [519empleados] of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration will be sent home, as the agency suspends compliance, defect investigations, rulemaking work and some research efforts.
- Federal Transit Administration grants will be suspended, as will grants for high-speed rail projects administered by Federal Railroad Administration.
- Most of the research work at National Transportation Safety Board ceases; The agency may bring teams temporarily to investigate accidents with "significant casualties" or that identify urgent risks, the agency said.
- Amtrak, the government-subsidized passenger train system, will continue normal operations, the railway said on Friday.
About half of the staff of the Department of Health and Human Services will be terminated, according to a plan posted on the department's website on Friday. The resulting changes will affect a range of functions that affect the average person.
- The Food and Drug Administration will be "unable to support most of its food safety, nutrition and cosmetic activities," according to the closure plan. It will also stop performing "routine inspections of the establishment, some compliance and compliance activities, import control" and other programs.
- The Centers for Disease Control said their "immediate response to urgent outbreaks of diseases, including seasonal influenza" continue. "He added that he would be" unable to support most disease prevention programs not transmissible. "
- The National Institutes of Health, which generally treat only those people for whom standard treatments do not work, will stop admitting most new patients.
- Food safety inspections and other critical functions will continue in the Department of Agriculture.
- Federally mandated nutrition programs will continue, such as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program and school feeding initiatives, but the Women, Infants and Children program and other discretionary budget assistance may be in jeopardy of running out of funds.
Law Enforcement and Courts
The law exempts employees who are considered necessary to protect life or property from closure. Most types of law enforcement and criminal justice fit into that category.
- About 83 percent of the 115,000 employees of the Justice Department will continue to report to work if the government closes, according to the department's contingency plan. The criminal litigation will continue without interruption; non-essential civil litigation must be reduced or postponed.
- The Federal Trade Commission will suspend antitrust investigations unrelated to the mergers. Merger reviews by the FTC and the Department of Justice will continue. The agencies say they will go to court to challenge agreements if necessary.
- Federal courts, including the Supreme Court, have enough money from sources such as fines and fees to continue most operations until February 9, according to Jackie. Koszczuk, a spokesperson for the Administrative Office of the Courts.
- The Department of Homeland Security will not be greatly affected, with 87 percent of its 232,860 employees considered exempt from closure. The department includes the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the Coast Guard and the Secret Service.
National Security and External Relations
In the Department of Defense, military personnel are expected to show up for the service, but will not receive payment until the end of the closure. As for civilian workers, those who carry out activities that are not subject to closure, such as protection of property or lives or support for combat operations, will also have to work; the rest can stay at home. That does not mean that the department is not affected.
- A closure may mean stopping the maintenance of weapons and other defense systems. Payments are also stopped for a variety of services, ranging from money to contractors to death benefits for the families of the deceased in the line of duty.
- Another victim of a closure: at military bases across the country, so-called commissaries – "what civilians would call grocery stores" will close, a complication for families in remote locations, according to Rebecca Grant, military analyst and president of IRIS Independent Research in Washington.
The effects of an interruption in foreign trade and politics may be minimal.
- The State Department issued a guide on Friday saying that the passport and visa services, as well as other functions of the agency, will remain open until the money runs out. Many offices in the department have reservations because they are financed every few years or with money that can be saved indefinitely instead of spending in a year.
- "The department will continue as many normal operations as possible," said the guide, posted on the Department of State website: "The operating status and available funds should be monitored continuously and closely, and planning for a lapse of appropriations must continue. "
- The State Department says they should not travel new or "representation events" However, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson has not yet decided whether to cancel a trip to Europe scheduled for next week.
- It is unlikely that the closure will affect the participation of the US. UU in the talks next week in Montreal on a new Free Trade Agreement, since the negotiators of the office of the US Trade Representative would be designated as essential personnel.
– With the assistance of Catherine Traywick, Alan Levin, Jennifer A Dlouhy, Susan Decker, Ari Natter, Nick Wadhams, Josh Eidelson, Greg Stohr, Nafeesa Syeed, Benjamin Bain, Naureen S Malik, Jennifer Epstein, Andrew Mayeda, Saleh Mohsin, Alan Bjerga, David McLaughlin, David Marino and Sahil. Kapur