Young adults with coronovirus disease (Kovid-19) usually have mild symptoms, but according to a new research, the risk of complications and death increases significantly for those under 35.
Analyzing the clinical profiles of 3,222 young adults (aged 18–34 years; 28.3 years old) hospitalized for Kovid-19 from 1 April to 30 June in 419 hospitals in the US revealed that among them 21% needed intensive care, 10% required mechanical ventilation, and 2.7% died.
Sick obesity, diabetes, and hypertension were the most common risk factors among young adults, with more than one of these conditions experiencing risks that were at risk of having no pre-existing diseases compared to older adults, they reported JAMA internal medicine Reported a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
The study found that 36.8% of hospitalized young adults were obese, 24.5% were grossly obese, 18.2% had diabetes, and 16.1% had hypertension (morbid obesity, high blood pressure, and male mechanical Was associated with greater risk of ventilation and death).
In India, too, men with Kovid-19 are twice as likely to die than women, with men accounting for 69% of all deaths, data from the Ministry of Health shows. Less than 40% of Kovid-19 deaths account for less than 10% of the total Kovid-19 deaths in India, with the highest in both sexes in the 61–70 year age group.
“People under 40 usually have mild diseases and most cases can be managed at home or at Kovid Care Homes. People who are hospitalized always have co-morbidities such as obesity, diabetes and high blood pressure and require less than 5% admission. But if they are placed on ventilators, their vascular risk increases and the chances of a heart attack or stroke are similar to those of older adults, ”Dr. Yatin Mehta, president of Critical Care and Anesthesiology, Medanta the Medicity, Gurugram said.
Kovid-19 is also called a vascular disease because it leads to the formation of blood clots in the arteries and veins, which can block the blood supply to the heart, brain, and lungs and cause stroke, heart attack, and respiration. May cause failure.
“If you are obese, you are more likely to have diabetes or have high blood pressure, and vice versa, so the risk is reduced,” Dr. Mehta said.
The progression of Kovid-19-induced thrombosis occurs much faster in young adults, often leading to deaths within 24 hours of hospitalization. “Older adults die of pneumonia and other Kovid-19-related complications, but sudden, unexpected deaths are more common in young adults in their 20s and 30s, whose condition recedes much faster.” In such cases, the cause of death is usually cardiac arrest with abnormal clots in the heart, brain, lungs and heart, ”Dr. Said Sarin, Director, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi.
At Max Superspeciality in Saket, New Delhi, less than 40% of deaths occur in people under 40, with 29% of those aged between 40 and 59, and 47% in the 60–74 age group.
More than 75% of 18% of people die in hospital. “Young people have milder diseases and rarely require hospitalization, but they need to be isolated to break the chain of infection, which makes testing, tracking and treatment important, As is the case with social disturbances and wearing masks, ”said Dr. Sandeep Budhiraj, clinical director. Max Healthcare.
“We should not look at the absolute number of cases and deaths; They will always be high, given the large population of India. We should see deaths per million people, and India has 56 deaths per million compared to 596 for the US and 61 for Brazil, which is much lower than in other countries, even if you are under-reporting some amount of Do … Dr. Budhiraja said.
Four young adults, with takeaway that share the same risk as those adults with obesity, diabetes and hypertension. Therefore they should seek Kovid-19 treatment under supervision from the time they receive their test results.