Mayor Bill de Blasio on Friday announced major changes to the way New York City’s hundreds of select middle and high schools accept their students, a move to address long-standing concerns that blacks in admissions policies And discrimination and segregation against Lettice students has been eliminated. Country’s largest school district
New York is more reliant on high-stakes entry requirements than any other district in the country, and the mayor has for years been under increasing pressure to take more coercive action to desegregate the city’s racially and socially divided public schools. Have encountered. Black and Latino students are highly valued in selective middle and high schools, although they represent about 70 percent of the district’s 1.1 million students.
But it was the epidemic that eventually prompted Mr. de Blasio, now in his seventh year in office, to implement some of the most comprehensive school integration measures in New York City’s recent history. The change, however, will not affect admissions to the city’s most elite selective high schools, such as Stuyvesant High School and Bronx High School of Science.
When the schools closed in the spring, the grading system and the standardized tests used by the city to admit students to its selective schools were changed or stopped. It has become impossible for most selective schools to sort students on the basis of academic performance, as in previous years.
Nevertheless, the changes forged in a crisis are now determined to exclude the epidemic.
“By the time I leave the mayor, I think we must have put the city in a very different curriculum, certainly visible schools,” Mr. de Blasio said at a news conference on Friday. “This is clearly a beginning.”
The changes, which will come into effect at this year’s admission round, affect 400 students out of the city’s 1,800 schools.
Mr. de Blasio and his successors will no doubt seek to integrate many more high schools in the city, especially screened schools, which are among the system’s most racist descriptions. But the integration of special and screened high schools has long been considered a triple rail in the district, and there will be no doubt of the changes made to it.
Middle schools will see the most important policy changes. The mayor said that the city would abolish all entrance examinations for schools for at least a year. About 200 middle schools – 40 percent of the total – use metrics such as grades, attendance and test scores to determine where students should be admitted. Now those schools will use a random lottery to accept students.
In doing so, Mr. de Blasio is essentially conducting an experiment that, if considered successful, could permanently eliminate the city’s academically selective middle schools, which compared to the district overall They are very much conscious.
The deadline for a final decision to get rid of middle school screenings for good – which would come shortly before Mr. de Blasio left office on New Year’s Day in 2022 – was to immediately replace the dying candidates of Falcon. Created a strangeness.
Candidates are likely to be pressed on whether they will submit a resume which is a particularly controversial practice: measuring the academic achievements of fourth graders to determine if they attend a selective middle school Can.
City officials said that because of the epidemic, there was not enough data to assess how middle school students are growing this year.
After schools were closed in March, the state’s standardized English and math exams were canceled and the mayor canceled attendance records as a measure of achievement. Students in youth grades switch from a letter-grade system that indicates whether they have passed a class or need to repeat it.
In 2018, District 15 of Brooklyn, a local district, changed to a lottery entry system. This closely watched effort, one of the most important isolation measures in years, will now be expanded throughout the city.
The admissions process for selective schools is generally in decline, but this year was delayed due to an epidemic. Families can start applying to middle schools under the new system by early January.
In another major change announced by Mr. de Blasio, New York would also end a policy that allowed some high schools to offer students who live nearby for the first time, even though all seats are available to all students Regardless of where they live.
The city’s system of choice was replaced by former mayor Michael R. Bloomberg implemented in 2004 an attempt to democratize high-level admissions. But Mr. Bloomberg exempted some schools, and even entire districts, from policy, and Mr. de Blasio did not abolish those carvings.
The most typical example is Manhattan’s District 2, which is one of the city’s 32 local school districts. Students who live in that district, including the Upper East Side and West Village, receive preference for seats in some of the high schools in the district, which are among the highest-performing schools in the city.
No other district in the city has as many high schools – six – different for local, high-performing students.
Nearly all of those high schools fill their seats with students from District 2 neighborhoods, even before considering qualified students from elsewhere. As a result, some schools, such as Eleanor Roosevelt High School in the Upper East Side, are one of the most high schools in all of New York City.
Mr. de Blasio, who twice campaigned on the message of combating inequality in all aspects of city life, always had the right to get rid of that entry priority – and all others. But it has not exercised that power until now, and is only done by the principals of some prestigious District 2 high schools to publicly diversify their schools in the city to relieve the admission preference for local students .
Eleanor Roosevelt principal Dimitri Saliani wrote in an email, “As a public servant of a public school, it is my mission to educate students from many different backgrounds, representing the abundance of the city in which We live. ” This week to parents. “The lack of diversity among students, teachers and staff is a disservice to our community as a whole.”
Chancellor of New York City Schools, Richard A. Karanja, and his top officials, over the years urged Mr. de Blasio to relieve the District 2 preference, according to officials with direct knowledge of those conversations.
The city would abolish the District 2 priority for the next school year, and remove geographic priorities for all other high schools to use for next year’s admissions. Some of those nearly 200 other high schools are not highly academically selective, but base admissions in part in geography.
Mr. de Blasio also announced on Friday that the city would issue grants to five districts, which would be used to develop diversity plans for all grades, which District 15’s parents said would eliminate their middle school screening systems had to have.
Over the next four years, the city will provide assistance to all 32 districts to formulate its integration plan.
Under Mr. de Blasio’s tenure, many of the integration activists had hoped for integration, the major changes are still small.
“I hope this is the beginning and not the end,” said Queens’ parents Rafael Lina. “I worry that just by removing the screens and not intentionally putting in measures that will fall apart, and let the schools come to terms with their thing, we will open those schools to affluent parents who will fill those seats.”
The mayor’s only major previous effort to integrate schools – pushing the state legislature to get rid of entrance exams for the city’s elite specialized high schools – failed. In 2018, Mr. de Blasio said he would fight to overtake the exams for the eight top high schools, which are largely Asian-American and White and have small percentages of Black and Latino students.
Those eight schools are among the only public schools in New York City that Mr. de Blasio does not control. Instead, the Legislature has authority over how they accept students.
The mayor’s focus on special school entrance exams at the time drew fierce criticism that he was discriminating against low-income Asian-American children who attend those schools in large numbers.
Mr. De Blasio also struggled to answer the question of why he would not address segregation at other high schools, including Beacon High School in midtown Manhattan, attended mainly by middle-class white students. He also ignored a recommendation from a task force, which he had created, that the city overhaul its gifted and talented program, which has been very differentiated.
The city also announced on Friday that it would participate in this year’s special high school exams in January, which was delayed by the epidemic. The state requires the city to offer the test.
And for the first time, high schools will be required to publicly post their admission criteria and rubrics to assess students.
Students can start high school applications from January 18 and must submit applications in the last week of February.
Some parents in high-performing local districts expressed disappointment about the change on Friday. John Liu, a Democratic state senator who has emerged as the fiercest defender of the most selective admissions, said the city should consult more families on admissions reform.
“This administration should not make wholesale changes without full public discourse about the issues,” he said.