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No one is sure what this feature could be on Mars: is it a crater or a supervolcano?

New images of the geological feature on Mars called Ismenia Patera have been released, which adds mystery to the origin of the feature. Scientists are trying to discover how it came to be. ( ESA / DLR / FU Berlin )

The European Space Agency launched new images of a strange feature on Mars called Ismenia Patera. The scientists could not decipher how this characteristic became in the Martian landscape.

Ismenia Patera spans some 47 miles on Mars.

Ismenia Patera

Ismenia Patera is located in the Arabian Terra region of Mars, which is located in the northern hemisphere of the planet. A patera is a broad, shallow, bowl-shaped feature on the surface of a planet. Scientists believe that this is one of the oldest geological features on the surface of Mars. Some of the segments of the function go back almost 4 billion years.

Despite so much visual information about Ismenia Patera, scientists have not been able to determine its origin. Some of the theories about its creation include a meteorite impact or a supervolcano that released so much magma that it caused the structure to collapse and create Ismenia Patera.

Regarding the characteristics, a topographic map shows that within Ismenia Patera, there are several peaks, valleys and sauces. Impact theory suggests that if it is a crater, those internal characteristics were created by the ice and sediments that leaked into the crater when it was created. If the supervolcano theory is true, then those structures were created by the collapse of the volcano.

Mars Express

ESA launched the Mars Express mission as an effort to get a better idea of ​​the red planet. His orbiter continues to shed light on some of the mysteries of Mars and was responsible for taking the photographs of Ismenia Patera.

Mars Express was designed to study as much Mars as possible. He was sent to get a better understanding of the Martian atmosphere and climate, along with the collection of information about the surface of the planet by collecting data on mineralogy and geology.

One of the major discoveries of the probe was the hydrated minerals, which confirmed that Mars has once been a more humid planet than today. These minerals would only form in the presence of liquid water.

He was also able to discover the subsurface layers of water ice on the planet using a radar probe. Using a different instrument, Mars Express also detected the presence of sufficient water ice in the polar ice caps that is capable of creating a global ocean with a depth of 11 meters. The crystals were found on Mars and were thought to be a proof of life, but the discovery only proved that there was once water on the planet.

Mars Express found clouds made of water ice on the planet. He was able to detect the clouds at an altitude of around 50 miles (80 kilometers). During this time, Mars Express discovered a layer of clouds at a height of approximately 62 miles (100 kilometers). That would make those clouds are the highest observed on any planetary surface.

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