New Kovid-19 cases begin in hard-hit Latin America – tech2.org

New Kovid-19 cases begin in hard-hit Latin America



The São Paulo-Covid-19 epidemic devastated Latin America, killing more than 300,000 people, erasing years of social and economic benefits, and bringing millions back to poverty. But from Mexico to Brazil, recent new cases and a decrease in mortality are raising cautious hopes that the hard-hit sector may turn into a corner.

While the US has struggled with an increase in new Kovid-19 cases over the past two weeks, Brazil has seen a decrease of more than 40% since July. Brazil’s daily death toll, though still the world’s highest among more than 700 people, also fell by nearly 40% in the same period. There have been fewer than 600 deaths a day in Mexico for the past six weeks, with a peak from 800 to one June. New cases in the region’s third-most populous country, Colombia, have fallen by nearly 40% since August, while the daily number of deaths has halved.

“Across the region we have seen a high level of deaths and cases since late May, but these numbers are now slowly declining,” said Elisu Waldman, an epidemiologist at the University of Sao Paulo.

A beach in Rio de Janeiro earlier this week. Brazil has seen more than 40% reduction in new Kovid-19 cases since July.


Photo:

Ellen Lustosa / Zuma Press

Rosa Lopez, a doctor in the intensive care unit at Guillermo Almenara Irigoyan Hospital in Lima, Peru, has seen improvement. His hospital’s 49 ICU beds are still full of Kovid-19 patients, but fewer people in need of critical care than just a few weeks ago.

Last week, there were eight patients at her hospital in need of an ICU bed. A month ago, however, Drs. Lopez said the medical staff had to choose between 52 critically ill patients for only three available beds.

“It was one of the worst days for us, it was really painful,” she said. “We are now seeing a decline in the number of patients for intensive care.”

According to Our World in Data, a nonprofit research project based at the University of Oxford, among the 10 most populous countries in Latin America, Argentina has recorded a steady increase in daily infections and deaths in recent weeks. Some people are falling ill as they emerge from a very strict lockdown.

Last week in the Brazilian city of Manaus, a police officer who was giving a tough fight to Kovid-19 while investigating people at a secret party.


Photo:

Bruno Kelly / Reuters

Infectious-pathologists have warned that it is too early to draw major conclusions, but they say that most countries in the region are either undergoing the worst outbreak or at least the first wave of infection.

They say that the recent decline is due to factors that vary from country to country and even from city to city.

In many cases, hospitals have learned how to treat the sick better, while Latin Americans have been quick to adapt to life under the epidemic, such as using hand sanitizers and using face masks Measures have been taken.

In April, at least 70% of people in most parts of Latin America said they always wear masks while exiting, according to a University of Washington study using the data, while less than 30% in most parts of the US and the UK is. From the Center for Social Data Sciences of the University of Maryland.

In late September in Lima, Peru, a married couple found the ashes of the brother of a man whom they say died of cancer and whose treatment was suspended during the epidemic.


Photo:

Rodrigo Abd / Associated Press

The region has also been home to some of the world’s longest lockdowns, although many were not strictly enforced.

While many European countries and parts of the US adopted a repression strategy to reduce the number of cases through severe social-disruptive measures, it was impossible in most of Latin America, said Zulma Kukunaba, a researcher at Imperial College London .

More than half of Latin Americans work in the informal sector, often with little or no savings, meaning they had no choice but to go out to earn a living. The disease can spread more easily in densely populated urban areas and multicultural homes.

It had a terrible human cost. With only 8% of the world’s population, Latin America now accounts for a third of global deaths from Kovid-19. But, as a result, epidemiologists believe that so many people in parts of the region have been exposed to the virus that fewer are now susceptible to infection, which contributed to the recent recession in new cases.

In Peru, which has the world’s highest deaths as a proportion of the population from Kovid-19, the daily average death rate since mid-August is over 80%.

ups and downs

Brazil has reported the third largest number of cases in the world after the US and India.

The daily confirmed Kovid-19 cases, seven-day rolling average

But in Latin America, confirmed cases are falling …

Argentine Affairs

Still growing

… except for Argentina, which recorded its highest number of cases on Saturday.

The daily confirmed Kovid-19 cases, seven-day rolling average

But in Latin America, confirmed cases are falling …

Argentine Affairs

Still growing

… except for Argentina, which recorded its highest number of cases on Saturday.

The daily confirmed Kovid-19 cases, seven-day rolling average

But in Latin America, confirmed cases are falling …

Argentine Affairs

Still growing

… except for Argentina, which recorded its highest number of cases on Saturday.

The daily confirmed Kovid-19 cases, seven-day rolling average

But in Latin America, confirmed cases are falling …

… except for Argentina, which recorded its highest number of cases on Saturday.

Argentine Affairs

Still growing

Infectious-pathologists say that there is little evidence in the area of ​​”herd immunity” from which so many people gain immunity that the wider community is protected. But researchers at the University of São Paulo believe that “bubbles” of immunity have probably helped slow transmission in Brazil’s largest city. Families and groups of friends are being protected by people who are already immune to the virus, he said. Separate studies indicate that about 20% of the city has already been infected.

One of the study’s authors, Gerusa Maria Figueiredo, said that those bubbles can easily burst as Brazilians begin to mix outside their social circles. “It’s a cruel virus,” he said. “I have never seen anything like this in my life.”

Latin America’s fight with Kovid-19

share your thoughts

Has Latin America seen the worst of the epidemic? why or why not? Join the conversation below.

Public-health experts have urged Latin Americans not to let their guard down. The decline in recent cases and deaths seems to be declining – but still high-plateau, said Andre Prudente, director of Giselda Trisiro Hospital in the northeast of Brazil. He warned that if people become lax about the risk of Kovid-19, countries like Brazil can still bring a new upsurge in infection.

According to the MRC Center for Global Infectious Disease Analysis Imperial College London, in Mexico, Chile and Peru, transmission rates — the number of people infecting a carrier — are currently expected to be above one.

Lud Hernández, epidemiologist and professor at the University of Bogota, said he feared another outbreak in Colombia could begin in November as businesses reopened and protest movements picked up.

But these warnings have largely been ignored, from Santiago in Chile to Mexico City, where Latin Americans, who have recently made headlines, have filled hair salons, bars and gyms.

“I’m not afraid,” said Joseph Barbosa, a 59-year-old restaurant worker. “I stayed home for four months but then I started working, to go out, otherwise you go crazy.”

Like many Brazilians, including President Jair Bolsonaro, who called the virus “a little flu”, he said the media believed the media had exaggerated the scale of the public-health crisis.

Last week a cemetery in Valle de Chalco, Mexico, worked in a cemetery.


Photo:

Pedro Pardo / Agnes France-Presse / Getty Images

Despite a relatively young population, Latin America has been one of the regions most affected by the epidemic. Five of the 10 countries with the highest per capita mortality rates are in Latin America. Brazil has recorded more than 140,000 deaths, second only to the US

In Ecuador’s largest city of Guayaquil, families were forced to keep dead relatives on the sidewalks until the ambulance could retrieve the crew and funeral services. In the Amazonian city of Manaus, Brazilian authorities resorted to mass graves.

While Brazil got a handle on the epidemic, the virus has largely spread uncontrollably in Manaus. “The first wave was a tsunami and it’s not over yet,” city mayor Arthur Virgilio Neto said as the disease caught itself.

Despite a new upsurge in cases last month, the mayor believes the city is now going through the worst of the outbreak.

Governments around the world are increasingly insisting on the Kovid-19 vaccine and drug manufacturers are increasingly doing what is usually a degenerative process. Daniela Hernández of the WSJ explains the potential health risks that participate in the development of the vaccine. Photo: Siphiwe Sibeko / Associated Press

Write Samantha Pearson at [email protected] and Luciana Magalhaes at [email protected]

Copyright © 2020 Dow Jones & Company, Inc. All rights reserved. 87990cbe856818d5eddac44c7b1cdeb8

.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.