With "Juno" the inhabitants of Earth have heard and seen auroras on Jupiter, had seen the storm and the anticyclone, and now NASA has shown another unexplored part of another planet: the North Pole.
Unveiled Wednesday at the General Assembly of the European Union of Geosciences in Vienna, Austria, the sinking of 1 minute and 20 seconds through what appears to be hell of hell consists of images taken by a camera on board of the Juno spacecraft, which is now in orbit around the planet.
Along with infrared and magnetic readings, the probe is helping to decipher the mystery of how incredibly Jupiter the 10-hour fast system shapes the climatic systems of the planet's depths.
NASA was launched with the main objective of unlocking the secrets of Jupiter to improve our understanding not only of the origin of the solar system, but the giant planet as well. The "brightness temperature" is a measure of the radiance, at 5 μm, that travels upwards from the upper part of the atmosphere towards Juno, expressed in units of temperature.
Tristan Guillot, another Juno co-investigator, added that Juno allowed them to figure out how Jupiter's interior turns, which is something they could not do in the past, since it was difficult for scientists to "distinguish between extreme models of the inner rotation of Jupiter. "
Juno entered the orbit of Jupiter on July 4, 2016.
"The zones and belts that we see in the atmosphere rotating at different speeds extend to approximately 1,900 miles."
The animation approaches from the visible light images of Jupiter to show the reconstruction in 3D, which was made from JIRAM photos taken during the fourth Juno high-speed flyby, or perijove, of the planet on February 2, 2017 The space agency reported in March that the Juno found that the atmospheric winds on Jupiter "penetrate deep into its atmosphere" and could be considered supernatural.
Juno has completed eleven "science passes" since entering Jupiter's orbit in July 2016, recording nearly 122 million miles.
Juno's main mission is scheduled to finish after his 14th perijo on July 16, 2018. The images are really important as they provide the necessary information so that scientists can understand the inner structure of the planet, as well as its magnetic field and composition. This information will help the researchers guide the remaining observations of the spacecraft. The 12th Juno science pass will be on May 24.
NASA's Juno mission has provided the first glimpse of the dynamo or motor that feeds Jupiter's magnetic field.
"Juno is only one third of the way through her planned mapping mission and we are already beginning to discover indications of how the Jupiter dynamo works," said Connerney.