This is part of the story, Our series explores the red planet.
NASA has once again sent what amounts to the last driverless car on Mars.The rover is formerly known as Mars 2020, NASA’s Curiosity to be Successor Robot .
This latest generation of planetary explorers comes from a long line of well-traveled bots with some major upgrades over their older siblings that should allow scientists to see, touch and hear Mars in new ways – for the first time .
Martian Audio-Visual Club
An assortment of mars rovers and orbiters has sent innumerable, But we have yet to actually open a microphone to capture the sound of our neighboring planet. The purpose of Perseverance is to pair it with an ending that will pick up the audio of landing on the planet, as well as a second world ambient noise and a rover’s dizzy days at work.
“Hearing how the mast rotates, wheels turn, or hearing how other instruments sound can also be an important engineering diagnostic tool,” said Greg Dalry, CEO and co-founder of space hardware company Heliospace. He is an advisor to Perseverance’s Supercam microphone team.
Supercam is Rover’s new science device that blasts rock and other materials with a laser while its microphone records the subtle sounds created by different types of rock as they get zipped. Supercam will also be able to take Martian wind and other sounds from Mike Rover’s environment.
Other on-board mikes are part of the entry, descent and landing systems that include full-color cameras to capture the entire thrilling ride below the surface.
All together, the Fixture is loaded with 23 cameras, most of them color equipment. It will be able to capture HD video and stereo 3D panoramas and will be able to zoom in to the size of a house fly at a distance of 100 yards (91 m) on a target.
Save it for later
An important part of the mission of persistence is to collect rock and gas samples from the surface of Mars that will be secured for future possible recovery by future missions.
An important part of the rover’s abdomen is taken up by instruments for the collection and analysis of Martian geology.
“I can’t wait for the time when these unique specimens will one day return to Earth and be available for study by scientists from all over the world,” planetary scientist Caroline Smith of the UK Natural History Museum said in a statement. Smith is working with NASA and the European Space Agency to find out how the samples will be cut for their delivery to Earth.
The sample return mission is part of one of the larger goals for perseverance – looking for evidence of past life on Mars., Where the rover would land, is believed to have once become the home of a large body the size of Lake Tahoe, making it a prime location for life in the distant past.
A flying sidekick
Perseverance will be entirely on Mars, but it is carrying something new and exciting: the first helicopter to pacify the thin atmosphere of our neighboring planet.
Dubbed ingenuity, the small helicopter is placed in the belly of the rover, expelled for some flight tests on the surface. This should be very interesting because we have never been to another planet and the atmosphere of Mars is very different from Earth.
Put another way, don’t expect too much from this small space drone. But if it works, it may mean that we regret (up) to explore other worlds in the future.
Preparing for Elon and other human visitors
One of the stated goals of the Perseverance Mission is to make significant progress that will support the arrival (or at least the most recent) of real people in the future.
The Rover is equipped with experiments such as Moxi, the Mars Oxygen In-situ Resource Utilization Experiment, which will test a way to literally draw oxygen from thin air. It will also use devices to see how the ubiquitous dust in that air can affect human life support systems and other key technologies.
Still other experiments will look for subsurface water, study Martian environments, climate and weather, and assess their impact on potential human explorers.
Fancy new wheels and a strong arm
The engineers learned from Curiosity took some lessons and this punishment was given by the sharp, pointed Martian rocks and applied them to lift the wheels on the basis of firmness. They are narrower, but have a larger diameter and are made of thick aluminum. This and all of its new equipment make the persistence heavier than its older siblings.
Combining all those means also requires a large “arm” or turret at the end of your robot arm. The hands extend 7 feet (2 m), ending in a rotating 99-pound (45 kg) turret of a scientific camera, chemical analyzer, and rock drill. This is a glove of the ultimate power.
NASA’s persistence rover is ready to seek Mars
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Curiosity had a similar setup, but the turret weighs 33 percent more on the fixture, as it has larger equipment and a drill to collect samples for storage means cutting into the intact rock core.
All in all, Perseverance is the most advanced robot yet to travel to Mars, and if all goes well, it may be the last to travel alone without a human companion.