NASA will soon try to fly a helicopter to Mars: “It’s really like the Wright brothers’ moment”


With eight successful landings to Mars, NASA is moving ahead with the spacecraft Firmness. Set for liftoff this week, the latest rover is carrying a helicopter as well for another flight test flight.

Ingenuity, a 4-pound helicopter, will travel to Mars, holding the rover’s belly, and try to fly solo, a few months after touchdown. Once the Martian falls to the surface, Ingenuity will begin like a baby bird, which will rise 10 feet in the extremely thin atmosphere of the planet and fly 6 feet further. With each attempt, it will try to go a bit further.

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This image, provided by NASA, depicts the Ingenuity Mars helicopter on the surface of the Red Planet near the Fortitude, Rover.

AP


“It’s really like the Wright brothers’ moment,” said project manager Mimi Aung. He has the chance to hop more and more helicopters in a month before the rover can move on to overworked geologic work. Future next-generation helicopters may be seen scouting in distant Martian territory for astronauts or even robots.

Strongly the latest landing technology, and the most camera and microphone ever assembled to capture the sights and sounds of Mars. Its super-sanitized sample return tubes – for rocks that can give evidence of past Martian life – are the cleanest items ever cleaned for space.

This summer’s third and final mission to Mars – following the UAE’s Hope Orbiter and the China Quest for Heavenly Truth Orbiter-Rover combo – begins with a launch starting Thursday morning from Cape Canaveral. Like other spacecraft, the Perseverance should reach the Red Planet in February next month, after traveling for seven months and more than 300 million miles.

Here’s a look at perseverance:

Perseverance vs curiosity

The six-wheeled, car-shaped tenacity is an imitation of NASA’s Curiosity Rover, which has been running on Mars since 2012, but with more upgrades and bulk. Its 7-foot (2-meter) robotic arm has a strong grip and large drill for collecting rock samples, and is packed with 23 cameras, most of which are in color, as well as incontinence, hitchhiking helicopters But two more. The cameras will provide the first glimpse of a parachute billowing open on Mars, with two microphones revealing to Earthlings for the first time. Once home to a river delta and lake, the Jezero Crater is NASA’s most risky Martian landing site because of the boulders and rocks expected to be avoided by the spacecraft’s self-navigating system. The firmness has more self-driving capability, therefore, it can cover more ground than curiosity. The enhancements make for a higher mission price tag: around $ 3 billion.

sample collection

Fortitude will drill into the rocks to hide signs on the ground to catch signs of ancient life and await future rovers. The rover has three sample tubes, each is finely scrubbed and baked to remove earthly germs. NASA wants to avoid familiarizing Martian samples with organic molecules returning to Earth. Each tube can hold one half ounce (15 grams) of core samples, and the goal is to collect approximately one pound (0.5 kg) to return to Earth. NASA hopes to begin a pickup mission in 2026 and bring samples back to Earth by 2031 – at the earliest.

Human benefit

In addition to helicopters, Perseverance conducted other experiments that could directly benefit astronauts on Mars. A device that is the size of a car’s battery will carry atmospheric carbon dioxide to oxygen, an essential component for rocket propellants and breathing systems. Another tool, tapping rocks with lasers to identify organic molecules and minerals, takes samples of spacesuit material. NASA wants to see how the clothes cope with the harsh martial environment. According to NASA, it will be the best of 2030 before astronauts go to Mars.

Cool stowaways

A couple Martian meteorites are eventually headed home, or at least slovers of them are used by laser-shooting instruments as strongly calibration targets. Other Quiet Stowes: Names of about 11 million people who signed silicon chips, as well as a small plate depicting Earth and Mars on opposite sides of the Sun to detect “one as peacock” In Morse Code, the solar rays collided. . There is also a plaque to pay tribute to the medical staff on the epidemic front. The coronovirus is preventing hundreds of scientists and other team members from traveling to Cape Canaveral for launch.

“Seven Minute Terror”

NASA scientists and engineers called it the “Seven Minutes of Terror”: 420 seconds of breath-holding suspense as a Mars rover controls its fate and attempts to land on the Red Planet autonomously. The term is designated for a time that ends between the rover’s landing capsule entering the Martian atmosphere to touch the planet’s surface. During that period, the rover relied on a sequence of preprogrammed information, not human engineers under NASA’s master control.

“It’s nerve-wracking,” Matt Wallace, deputy project manager at NASA, Told “60 minutes.” “This is definitely the most complex part of the mission.”

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