Home / Science / NASA publishes photos of the site of the lunar accident of Beresheet

NASA publishes photos of the site of the lunar accident of Beresheet



WASHINGTON – NASA released photos Wednesday of the impact site where the Israeli ship Beresheet crashed into the moon, saying it appeared as "a dark spot, about 10 meters wide" on the lunar surface.

Despite successfully reaching the lunar orbit, the small Israeli spacecraft crashed during a landing attempt on April 11. Project leaders promised that they would fix the technical problems behind the accident and make a second attempt to become the fourth nation to land a probe safely on the Moon.

NASA said the images were taken by its Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter when it passed above its surface from a height of 90 kilometers (56 miles) above the surface.

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"The cameras captured a dark spot, about 10 meters wide, which indicates the point of impact. "The dark tone suggests a rough surface due to a hard landing, which is less reflective than a clean, smooth surface," NASA said.

Left: Beresheet impact site. Right: A processed image to highlight changes near the landing site between photos taken before and after landing, revealing a white impact halo. Other craters are visible in the correct image because there is a slight change in the lighting conditions between the before and after images. Scale bar is 100 meters. The north is up. Both panels are 490 meters wide.
(NASA / GSFC / Arizona State University)

NASA said it was not clear if the spacecraft caused a crater on the lunar surface, and said the impact angle might have been too low. However, he noted that "the speed of Beresheet was even faster than most of the speed bullets."

The slight halo around the impact site could have been caused by "gas associated with the impact or by fine soil particles ejected during the Beresheet descent".

The US space agency UU He said that it was almost certain that the impact site was made by man and not by one of the many meteors regularly bombarding the surface of the moon, observing the many previous photos of the site and that it fits the mathematical models of how I was waiting for the accident site to be seen, and the coordinates expected in an area called the Sea of ​​Serenity

What is also not clear in the images is the fate of the digital library that was on board the craft.

The library contains an archive of 30 million pages of history and human civilization that covers all subjects, cultures, nations, languages ​​and genres. It is housed in a stack of 100 grams (0.2 pounds) of 25 nickel disks, each only 40 microns thick, which were recorded with nanotechnology.

In this archive photo taken on December 17, 2018, a digital time capsule that includes drawings of Israeli children, images of Israeli symbols such as the flag, Israeli songs and a booklet written by a Jewish man about his experience of the Holocaust, which It would continue to be placed on the Beresheet spacecraft, it is displayed during a presentation by the Israeli non-profit organization SpaceIL and the Israeli state company Israel Aerospace Industries in Yehud, east of Tel Aviv. (Jack Guez / AFP)

Canadian astronaut Chris Hadfield has said he would like to look for it, calling the discs "a Frisbee on the Moon of 30 million pages, I hope to pick it up someday".

Beresheet was a joint venture between the Israeli non-profit organization SpaceIL and Israel Aerospace Industries, funded almost entirely by private donations from well-known Jewish philanthropists, including Kahn, Miriam and Sheldon Adelson, Lynn Schusterman and others.

The cost of 100 million (NIS 370 million) of the first lander was a fraction of the cost of previous efforts funded by the state to land on the Moon.

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