The US space agency UU He has organized a series of competitions for students in partnership with Bradley whose goal is to find the habitat technology that best uses materials on Mars to sustain life, the Chicago Tribune reported late on Sunday.
The first manned Mars mission, which will include sending astronauts to Mars, orbiting Mars, and a return to Earth, is currently scheduled for the 2030s.
Because of its thin atmosphere and its desolate surface, Mars is uninhabitable for humans as it is.
The objective of the "3-D Printed Habitat Challenge" is to discover how to create habitats from the material on the red planet, such as the emblematic red regolith or Martian soil, and the recyclable items that the astronauts bring with them as the container of food plastic of astronauts.
"A mission to Mars is going to put humans to the test in many ways," said Monsi Roman, manager of NASA's Centennial Challenge program, cited by the newspaper.
"One of the best ways is to challenge ourselves to be the ultimate recyclers, we have to be really good at using everything that comes with us," Roman added.
The double emphasis on autonomous construction and the use of indigenous materials could have enormous implications for construction on Earth as well. Three-dimensional printing could also help areas that are underdeveloped or affected by natural disasters.
While there are still many problems that NASA must resolve before a trip to Mars, the development of this technology for terrestrial purposes may begin earlier, according to the report.
"What we are looking forward to with this kind of partnership with all these eclectic groups of people is that development will continue on its own for applications on Earth," said Roman.
"We see this as the planting of the seeds of the technology we will need.When NASA is ready to go to Mars, we can go back to those groups that continued the development and picked the fruit," he said.
The 3-D Printed Habitat Challenge that is currently in Phase 3 also offers a cash prize of $ 2 million.
Calling the competition a "front row seat" for the latest developments, Roman said: "If we are talking about being on Mars in the 2030s, the students of those universities will be the ones who will make this a reality. . "
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