NASA cosmonaut prepares for launch at Russian Cosmonauts space station



The launch from Baikonur Cosmodrome in southern Kazakhstan is scheduled for 1:45 pm ET on Wednesday and will be broadcast live on NASA’s website. The trio’s Soyuz capsule is expected to dock with the space station at 4:52 pm ET, and the hatch between the space station and the capsule will open at 6:45 pm ET, allowing them to enter the station.

This is the second spaceflight for Rubins and Ryaznikov and the first for Kud-Severkov, and they will spend six months at the space station.

Although NASA astronauts Doug Hurley and Bob Behnken successfully launched for the station in May from the United States at SpaceX Endeavor, the Russian spacecraft was launched for the space station on Soyuz which is still leased to Russia in Kazakhstan. Will continue in part.

Rubins, Ryaznikov and Kud-Severchkov will have brief overlaps with NASA astronauts Chris Cassidy and Russian cosmonauts Anatoly Ivineshin and Ivan Wagner. Cassidy, Evenishin and Wagner will depart the station using docked Soyuz capsules and return to Earth on 21 October.

second time around

According to NASA, Rubin will vote in the US presidential election from the space station. In fact, this is his second time voting from space. She voted in the 2016 election during her first six-month stay at the space station between July and October 2016.

But training and launching during an epidemic is a new experience for Rubins – although he is comfortable with personal protective equipment due to his “old life”, he told CNN in September. Before becoming an astronaut, she was a scientist who studied viral diseases, cancer biology, microbiology and immunology.

“I started preparing for it before the epidemic during general crew training,” she said. “When NASA shut down, I learned how to train remotely using video and software. I never thought I’d train for a spacecraft during an epidemic or do spacewalk training from my living room . “

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Rubin was eventually able to maintain distance from each other in Texas and Russia with his Russian crewmates and return to training wearing masks.

Returning to the space station will allow Rubins to check some items from his bucket list.

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He was the first person to sequence DNA in space in 2016, and he is eager to continue his sequencing research in new ways by studying the space station’s microbiome or microbial environment.

“The space station has been isolated from Earth for 20 years,” Rubins said. “How is it different? The space station is its own biome with its own resources, with humans coming and going. We want to see what these closed environments do when they have long been isolated.”

Sequencing DNA can reveal enormous amounts of information, Rubins said, so applying sequencing to the station’s microbiome can give a microscopic picture of the space station – and how it differs from Earth. This is a huge opportunity that probably cannot represent itself again because nothing has been separated from the Earth for 20 years.

Rubins is eager to use the sequence to push the boundaries of what he can do on the space station, as well as be involved in cell culture studies. Since his previous stay at the station, there have been new high-resolution microscopes on board that he can use to study cells.

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“Around this time, it’s all things on my bucket list,” Rubin said. “Waiting to return for a few years, the station has new equipment that will enable me to do all these things.”

Her upcoming mission will include conducting an atomic experiment as well as conducting research using the Cold Atom Laboratory at the station to study atoms, according to NASA, an investigation into her first spacecraft.

Space milestone

The 20th anniversary of a continued human presence on the space station occurs on 1 November, during the start of Rubins’ second six-month mission.

“It’s very exciting – we’re at this wonderful time of 20 years of operations of the space station’s history,” she said. “Inside this incredibly capable orbiting laboratory, we can do all kinds of experiments, including physics, looking all the way to particles and quantum mechanics, biology experiments, printing organs with tissue-like structures, and human physiology Huh.”

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Rubin is also awaiting the video of what astronauts treat students on Earth he refers to as “highlights at the station”. She hopes to connect remotely to classes and answer questions from students.

“It’s amazing for that human connection,” she said. “I know a lot of kids are struggling at home, so hopefully we can bring a little fun to talk about space exploration.”

entire house

During their stay, these astronauts will join the SpaceX Crew-1 flight, bringing a total of seven astronauts to the station.

Crew-1 will carry four more astronauts to the space station through the agency’s commercial crew program: NASA astronauts Victor Glover Jr., Michael Hopkins, Shannon Walker and Japan’s Soichi Noguchi.

Crew-1 is undergoing system investigations on Earth. It has more capabilities than Endeavor and will be able to dock on top of the space station.

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Currently, NASA is targeting a launch by mid-November.

This will allow SpaceX additional time to complete data reviews and hardware testing of the Falcon 9 first-stage engine gas generator. The agency said they recently performed “off-nominal behavior” during a non-NASA mission launch effort.

“It’s going to be incredible for seven people on the space station,” Rubins said. “It is designed to be handled. We have been preparing it for the last few years by testing new technology for scaling and exploration of carbon dioxide. Seven crew members give us a revamp of new environments and new spacesuit components. Allow us to test. ” Actually increasing our science output. “

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