The crew, all veterans of previous ISS missions, will include Akihiko Hoshide with Japan’s JXA Space Agency, Thomas Peskett of the European Space Agency and NASA’s Shane Kimbrat and Megan McArthur, who co-piloted her husband Robert Behnken two months ago. Saw it once. SpaceX’s crew ever flew drug capsules.
Putting four astronauts on SpaceX’s spring 2021 mission, the crew-2 was dubbed the number of people bringing the ISS to seven “to double the amount of science that NASA effectively held in space Will allow, “the agency said on Tuesday.
Five people are currently aboard the ISS: two Russian Cosmonauts and NASA’s Chris Cassidy, Douglas Hurley, and Beehken, the latter arriving at the space station on May 2 after commanding their historic trip to the Cruise Dragon capsule on SpaceX. It marked the first time in history that a commercial vehicle had entered human orbit and launched the first crew from US Earth after NASA’s Space Shuttle retired in 2011.
NASA has waited years for its astronauts to gain the ability to fly to and from the space station. After the shuttle program ended, the space agency had to rely on Russia’s Soyuz vehicles to transport NASA employees to the ISS, and the US has paid Russia $ 90 million per seat for those trips.
Instead of building its own replacement for the Space Shuttle, however, NASA asked the private sector to design and develop its own vehicles to develop spacecraft so that the space agency could explore deeper into the solar system. Could focus on.
In 2014, NASA awarded two fixed-price contracts: $ 4.2 billion for Boeing and $ 2.6 billion for SpaceX, which planned to design a crew-worthy version of the Dragon capsule that was already from the International Space Station And cargo was flying for him.
After both companies struggled with development delays, SpaceX launched Boeing earlier this year with a crew test mission from Hurley and Behenken.
Boeing, which suffered significant failures during a test run in December, plans to repeat an unused test mission later this year.