TUESDAY, July 10, 2018 – There is another study that suggests that vitamin and mineral supplements purchased by millions of Americans do nothing to prevent heart disease.
This time, the finding comes from an badysis of 18 studies conducted between 1970 and 2016. Each badyzed how vitamins and mineral supplements-which are not reviewed by the US Food and Drug Administration. UU for their safety or effectiveness- affect heart health.
After tracking more than 2 million participants for an average of 12 years, the studies yielded a clear conclusion: it is not like that.
Still, "people tend to prefer a quick and easy solution, like taking a pill, instead of the hardest method to prevent cardiovascular disease" Simply, multivitamins and mineral supplements do not improve cardiovascular health outcomes , so [they] should not be taken for that purpose, "added Kim, an badistant professor of medicine at the University of Alabama in the division of cardiovascular diseases in Birmingham.
The Council for Responsible Nutrition, a commercial badociation representing the supplement manufacturers, he emphasized that the products are intended only for nutritional aids, not as a means of preventing or treating the disease.
"CRN emphasizes that multivitamins fill the nutrient voids in our diets less than perfect and support a number of other physiological functions, "said senior vice president Duffy MacKay in a communi "They are not meant to serve as magical bullets for the prevention of serious diseases."
In the study, Kim and his colleagues reported that after taking into account smoking habits and physical activity, they saw no evidence that taking a multivitamin or mineral supplements reduces the risk of dying from heart disease, suffering from stroke or die from a stroke.
The lack of an apparent benefit for cardiac health was observed in all areas, regardless of age or bad.
Dr. Gregg Fonarow helps direct the UCLA Preventive Cardiology Program in Los Angeles. He noted that more than 100 million American men and women take vitamins or supplements "often based on the mistaken belief that doing so can improve their cardiovascular and vascular health."
The widely regulated supplement industry is making a booming business, with an estimated value of $ 278 billion by 2024, Kim's team said.
This, despite the fact that previous studies "consistently showed no benefit" from supplements when it comes to heart health, Fonarow said.
In fact, both Kim and Fonarow believe that supplements can do harm.
How? According to Kim, putting his faith in supplements "could divert the public from the following measures that have been shown to be beneficial for cardiovascular health."
As an example, he noted that while 50 percent of the American public consumes dietary supplements, only 13 percent meet the federal recommendations for the consumption of fruits and vegetables.
"We know that the intake of fruits and vegetables improves cardiovascular health," Kim said.
Fonarow agreed, adding that "the false belief that these supplements provide the level of protection distracts from adopting approaches that actually reduce cardiovascular risk."
"The evidence-based approaches recommended by the guidelines to reduce the risk of fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular diseases include maintaining a healthy blood pressure, cholesterol levels, body weight, not smoking and engaging in physical activity daily, "Fonarow added.
"Cardiovascular medications such as statins are also widely available and cheap, which, in eligible individuals, can reduce risk safely and effectively," he said.
Neither the American Heart Association nor the American College of Cardiology recommend taking multivitamins or mineral supplements to reduce the risk of heart disease, Fonarow
As for Kim, she hopes the new study will "dampen the hype of multivitamins and supplements minerals, and encourages people to focus on real problems such as diet, exercise, [and] quit smoking. "
The research was published in the July issue of the journal Circulation .
There is more about dietary supplements in the US Food and Drug Administration. UU
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