NAYPYITAW, Myanmar (AP) – Myanmar’s military on Monday overthrew and detained senior politicians, including Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi – significant, if unequal, progress towards democracy, by Southeast Asian nation Has followed five decades of military rule. .
An announcement on Army-owned Mywadi TV stated that Commander-in-Chief Senior General Min Aung Hling would be in charge of the country for a year. It said the seizure was necessary because the government had not acted on military claims of fraud in the November elections – in which Suu Kyi’s ruling party won parliamentary seats for a majority – and because it allowed the election to go ahead. Coronavirus epidemic.
The takeover came the morning the country’s new parliamentary session was to begin and days of worry were to follow that a coup was taking place. The military justifies its actions legally – drafting a part of the constitution that allows it to take control in times of national emergency – although spokespersons for Suu Kyi’s party as well as many international observers have said That is the amount of the coup.
It was a dramatic backslide for Myanmar, emerging from decades of harsh military rule and international isolation that began in 1962. It was also a shocking fall from power for Suu Kyi, a Nobel Peace Prize laureate who had been under house hold for years. He tried to push his country towards democracy and then became its de facto leader after winning the 2015 National League for Democracy elections.
While Suu Kyi was an avid opponent of the army at the time of her arrest, after her release and return to politics, she had to work with the country’s generals, who never fully relinquished power. While the 75-year-old has been wildly popular at home, Suu Kyi’s devotion to the generals – Rohingya going so far as to defend their bitterness on Muslims that the United States and others have labeled a massacre – has earned its reputation. Abandoned internationally at Tatars.
For some, Monday’s takeover was seen as an affirmation that the military holds ultimate power despite the veneer of democracy. New York-based Human Rights Watch has previously described a clause in the constitution that the military accepts as a “wait-and-see coup”.
The polling in November could spark the shame of the military-backed party.
Larry Jagan, an independent analyst, said the acquisition was merely an “excuse for the military to reestablish its full impact on the country’s political infrastructure and determine the future, at least in the short term,” adding That the commanders are not. Want Sui Chi to be a part of that future.
The coup now presents a test for the international community that destabilized Myanmar while it was under military rule and then enthusiastically embraced by Suu Kyi’s government as a sign that the country was finally on its way to democracy . There is a possibility that some of the restrictions the country has faced for a long time will be called upon to resume.
While there were earlier indications that the army was planning to seize power, there were reports that Suu Kyi and Win Mint, the country’s president, were detained before dawn.
A spokesperson for Suu Kyi’s party, Mayo Nyunt, told the online news service The Irrawaddy that in addition to Suu Kyi and the chairman, members of the party’s Central Executive Committee, several of its MPs and other senior leaders were also detained.
Television signals were cut across the country, as were phone and Internet access in the capital Nayyitwa, while passenger flights were grounded. Phone service in other parts of the country was also reported below, although people were still able to access the Internet in many areas.
As word of military operations spread in the country’s largest city of Yangon, there was a growing sense of uneasiness among residents who had packed tea shops for breakfast earlier in the day and went about their morning shopping .
By noon, people were removing the bright red flags of Suu Kyi’s party that once adorned their homes and businesses. Lines at ATMs waited for people to withdraw cash, efforts that were being complicated by Internet blockages. Workers from some businesses decided to go home.
Suu Kyi’s party released a statement on one of its Facebook pages stating that the military action was unfair and went against the constitution and will of the voters. The statement urged people to oppose Monday’s “coup” and return to “military dictatorship”. It was not possible to confirm who posted the message because party members were not answering phone calls.
The military’s actions also received international condemnation and several countries called for the release of detained leaders.
US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken expressed “grave concern and alarm” over the reported sanctions.
“We call on the people of Burma to release all government officials and civil society leaders and respect the will of the people of Burma,” he said in a statement using the former name of Myanmar.
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres called the development a “severe blow to democratic reforms”, according to his spokesman.
The list of people believed to have been compiled by political activists included many who were not politicians, including activists as well as a filmmaker and a writer. Those detentions could not be confirmed.
The military TV report states that in addition to taking over as military commander-in-chief, it will also say that Vice President Mint Sway will be conferred with the post of acting president. Mynt Swe is a former general known for leading a brutal crackdown on Buddhist monks in 2007. He is a close ally of Than Shwe, a junior leader who ruled Myanmar for nearly two decades.
In a subsequent announcement, the military stated that elections would take place in a year and the army would hand over power to the winner.
The military justified its move by citing a clause in the 2008 constitution enacted during military rule, stating that in cases of national emergency, the executive, legislative and judicial powers of the government should be given to the military commander-in-chief. Can be assigned.
It is one of several parts of the charter that ensures that the military can maintain ultimate control over the country. The military is allowed to appoint its members to 25% of the seats in parliament and it controls several key ministries involved in security and defense.
In the November elections, Suu Kyi’s party captured 396 of the 476 seats for the actual election in the lower and upper houses of parliament.
The military has alleged that the election was largely fraudulent – particularly in relation to voter lists – although it has not provided any concrete evidence. The State Union Election Commission dismissed its allegations last week.
Concerns of a takeover rose last week when a military spokesman denied the possibility of a coup when asked by a reporter to do so at a news conference last week.
Then on Wednesday, the military chief told senior officials in a speech that the constitution could be repealed if the laws were not being implemented properly. Unusual deployment of armored vehicles on the roads of several major cities has also given rise to apprehensions.
However, on Saturday and Sunday, the military denied it had threatened a coup, accusing anonymous organizations and the media of misrepresenting their positions.