Despite objections from the coalition that led the anti-government protests ahead of last month’s coup, Mali’s military government has pushed through a political charter to establish an 18-month transition government, with the interim president as one May appoint soldier.
The approval for the road map is to chart the course of the country following the August 18 coup that President Ibrahim Baubaker Keita, arrived on Saturday after three days of negotiations. Military government, Political leader and civil society group.
International powers, fearing that political instability will ease the fight against armed groups in the Sahel region of West Africa, have called for a rapid change for civilian rule.
The charter says that the interim president can be a civilian or a soldier and will preside over a transitional period 18 months before the election, said negotiations spokesman Moussa Camara.
The interim president will be selected by the electors Military government, Camra said.
The previous draft of the charter stated that the transition would last two years and that the interim president would be directly elected by the military rulers, the National Committee for the Salvation of the People (CNSP).
“We do not want to leave any stone unturned in the implementation of all these proposals of the Malini people before you,” CNSP President Colonel Asimi Goita said on Saturday.
“What we await now is hard work, implementation of these resolutions.”
Even as some participants avoided the conservative nature of the negotiations, the M5-RFP coalition that protested against Kip criticized the failure of the charter to ensure the coup’s civilian rule.
A supporter of the M5-RFP, Yssouf Maiga, said, “It is the people who overthrew the IBK. It is up to them to elect a new president.”
The charter also puts the military government on a path of confrontation with Mali’s West African neighbors, who have urged the interim president to be a civilian and transition lasting more than a year.
Leaders of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), which imposed economic sanctions after the coup, will discuss the situation in Mali on Tuesday.
It was unclear whether the interim president would be named by Tuesday’s deadline of ECOWAS. The body has not said what it will do if its demand is not met.
Al Jazeera’s Ahmed Idris, reporting from Abuja, Nigeria, said that Mali needed to lift the ban as it suffered from severe economic and social problems.
“More people will be watching how the new transition government will address the deteriorating security situation in Mali – not only from armed groups in the north, but also inter-ethnic violence between shepherds and peasants in central Mali”.
The Health Ministry reported on Saturday that six civilians, including a pregnant woman, were killed in southern Mali when the ambulance they were traveling in collided with a landmine.
It was not clear who was responsible for laying the mine, but the incident on Friday represented the southern Sikasso region for the first time, the ministry’s general secretary Mama Koumare told the Reuters news agency.
Idris said Saturday’s agreement was fragile and that the response of the general public could be significant in the next few days.
“Some people are suggesting that Malian is tired of the situation, tired of the protests, they will not tolerate any problems or any shortages being presented to him after this forum,” he said.
Al Jazeera and news agencies