After a series of successful space Missions During the last year, some new exciting international projects have been promised in 2021.
Three countries have launched a spacecraft designed to begin exploring Mars in 2021.
The US space agency, NASA, is expecting its explorer, called Perseverance, to land on the Red Planet on 18 February. The explorer, or rover, is on a mission to search for signs of life and collect rock and mud. Samples, “NASA says.
Perseverance is NASA’s fifth Mars explorer. It is carrying a small experimental helicopter, called Ingenuity. The device will be the first to test the capabilities of such a craft on any other planet. An important experiment would be testing an instrument designed to capture carbon dioxide from Mars’ atmosphere and convert it to oxygen.
China’s Tianwen-1 spacecraft launched a mission in July last year to search Mars for water signals. It is also expected to reach Mars in February. The spacecraft will attempt to land in Utopia Planitia on a large flat area in the northern half of the planet. Once there, Tianwen-1 will deploy a rover for exploration.
United Arab Emirates (UAE) Launches Its Hope the inspection In July 2020. The explorer is to reach the Red Planet next month. The country hopes that “the first probe to provide a complete picture of the atmosphere of Mars and its Layers. “
The mission will study climate and weather activity on the lower atmosphere of Mars. The UAE’s space agency said that Hope would also observe and study hydrogen and oxygen in the upper atmosphere of Mars.
New space vehicles to be tested
Boeing is expected to carry out another unexpected flight test of its Starliner spacecraft. The company was selected by NASA – along with SpaceX of America – for its commercial crew program. The program uses private spacecraft to transport American astronauts to the International Space Station (ISS). SpaceX has already completed two successful crew missions for the ISS.
If Boeing’s unhindered test goes well, the company hopes to proceed with the test flight of the first crew of the Starliner.
NASA said it plans to complete final preparations for the first flight of its Space Launch System (SLS) rocket and Orion spacecraft. The flight will be the first non-test flight for SLS and Orion. The goal is to complete a month-long mission around the moon.
The test is part of NASA’s Artemis program, which aims to land the first woman and the next man on the moon by 2024. The long-term goal of the program is to establish a sustained human presence on the Moon.
NASA tests planetary defense
In late July, NASA says it will launch a “first test for planetary defense” against it Asteroids. The mission is called Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART). This would send the spacecraft to crash into the asteroid at a high speed in an attempt to change the orbit of the asteroid in space. The target is a near-Earth asteroid called Didymos. Operation will only be defensive test The ability, Because Didymos is not a threat to the Earth.
In October, NASA plans to launch its Lucy space mission. The objective of this expedition is to study a population of unusual objects orbiting Jupiter known as Trojan asteroids. The space agency says the mission will include a 12-year trip to eight different asteroids.
Also in October, NASA plans to launch its James Webb Space Telescope, which has been delayed several times. It is NASA’s replacement for the Hubble Space Telescope, which has been in operation for 30 years.
The James Webb is a large infrared telescope measuring about seven meters. Mirror To observe space. NASA says the mission is designed to look deeper into space and answer more about the universe’s past than any other spacecraft.
I’m Brian Lynn.
Brian Lynn wrote the story for VOA Learning English, based on reports from The Associated Press, Reuters and NASA. Mario Ritter, Jr. was editor.
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Words in this story
Mission – N Flying a spaceship to do a certain job or job
The sample – N A small amount of something that gives information about what it was taken from
the inspection – N A vehicle that closely examined or observed something
Layer – N Spread in an area
small star – N Small planets or space rocks orbiting the sun
The ability – N Ability to perform a certain task or task
Mirror – N A piece of glass that reflects light or images