According to a close annual study released Thursday by the anti-graft organization, Berlin (AP) – countries with the least amount of corruption – are best placed to face the health and economic challenges of the coronovirus epidemic.
Transparency International’s 2020 Corruption Perception Index, which according to experts and traders measures public sector corruption perception, concluded that countries that invested more in health care were able to provide “universal health coverage and democratic It was less likely to violate the norms. “
“COVID-19 is not just a health and economic crisis,” said Transparency Head Delia Ferreira Rubio. “This is a corruption crisis – and one that we are currently failing to manage.”
The United States showed a new underperformance amid a steady decline in this year’s index headed by Donald Trump, with a score of 67 on a scale where 0 is “highly corrupt” and 100 is “very clean.”
He still ranks America 25th in a tie with Chile, but is behind many other Western democracies. It dropped from a score of 69 in 2019, to 71 in 2018 and 75 in 2017, and was at the lowest level since the figures were available at comparable levels.
“In addition to perceived conflict of interest and abuse of office at the highest level, weak oversight of the $ 1 trillion COVID-19 relief package in 2020 raised serious concerns and indicated a retreat from long-term democratic norms that promote accountable government, “Said the report. Transparency, which is based in Berlin.
According to the report’s analysis, the link between corruption and the coronavirus response can be seen widely around the world.
For example, Uruguay scored 71 – placing it 21st on the list. It invests heavily in health care and has a robust epidemiological surveillance system, which has helped not only with COVID-19 but also with other diseases such as yellow fever and zika, Transparency said.
In contrast, Bangladesh, which scored 26 and placed 146 on the list, “thrives on corruption during COVID-19, while health clinics have costs ranging from bribery to wrongful aid.” “Corruption is also prevalent in the purchase of medical supplies.”
Even in New Zealand, which was ranked No. 1 as the least corrupt nation with a score of 88 and was lauded for its epidemic response, there was room for improvement, noted Transparency.
“The government openly talked about measures and policies, while the recovery of COVID-19 requires more transparency around public procurement,” the organization wrote.
Overall, 180 countries surveyed, two-thirds scored below 50 out of 100 and the average score was 43.
Denmark and New Zealand tied for first place as the least corrupt with a score of 88 countries, followed by Finland, Singapore, Switzerland and Sweden with 85, Norway’s 84, Netherlands’ 82 and Germany and Luxembourg’s 80. To be out of the top 10.
Australia, Canada, Hong Kong and Britain all scored 77 in 11th place.
Somalia and South Sudan performed the worst with a score of 12 and placed them in 179th position, Syria with a score of 14, Yemen and Venezuela in 15, Sudan and Equatorial Guinea with 16, Libya on 17, and North Korea, Haiti and the Democratic Republic of Congo with the Ko 18.
Since 2012, the starting point of the comparison available using the current method, 26 countries have improved significantly, including Greece, which increased by 14 points to 50, Myanmar increased 13 points to 28 and Ecuador increased 7 points. Got 39 points.
At the same time, 22 countries have fallen significantly, including Lebanon, which fell 5 points to 25, Malawi and Bosnia and Herzegovina, which both declined 7 points to 30 and 35, respectively.
Execute all of AP’s epidemic coverage at https://apnews.com/hub/coronavirus-pandemic, https://apnews.com/hub/coronavirus-vaccine And https://apnews.com/UnderstandingtheOutbreak