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Three main risks facing the first settlers on Mars – The future of the world – Science

Petranex is one of the countless experts who advised National Geographic on the dramatic documentary drama "Mars." Mars Season 2 is on Sundays. National Geographic has summarized the most serious risks that will have to face any mission on the Red Planet.

The magnetic field and the atmosphere of our planet protect us naturally from the harmful cosmic radiation. However, there is no protection on Mars, which is why the inhabitants of the Red Planet have an increased risk, which in the long run increases the risk of tumors and genetic mutations that can affect newborn babies. Possibly the settlers can reduce the power of decision due to radiation.

"Of course, astronauts can live at the bottom of the crater, in the shade of the sun, avoiding direct radiation, but will not protect them from the real killers, the cosmic rays." The great challenge would be to find Mars, for example, a Lava pipe or a beer where you can take shelter from cosmic rays and radiation, "explains Petraneks.

NASA estimates that a trip to Mars and a six-month presence in it increase the risk of astronaut tumor by approximately 5%. As a possible solution, the possibility of invading the Earth from Mars or the creation of specially equipped spaces for astronauts to recover from the effects of radiation is currently being considered.

Human muscles and bones have been applied to overcome the gravitation of the Earth (gravity). The severity of Mars is only 38% of the usual, so the muscles of the astronauts will atrophy quickly, without special precautions, it can take place in a few days. In addition, regular exercise is only a partial solution, since reduced severity causes problems for bones that are more likely to lose calcium than normal, and an inner ear that is responsible for body balance and can cause loss of vertigo and orientation. Some scientists assume that reduced gravity can also affect visual acuity. It is believed that a lower severity can lead to an increased risk of complications during pregnancy and prolong the life of older people born on Earth. But the last two are assumptions that must be approved or denied by royal expeditions to the Red planet.

It is true that experts estimate that NASA experts in observations of long-term space astronauts have found a part of the solution to reduce the effects of low gravity through exercises and medications. In turn, the futurist Mitico Kaku, whose audience will see in the documentary drama Mars, asks: if the Olympic Games were held on Mars, then the best skater or acrobat could do four, five, six or seven revolutions. That is, more than on Earth.

It is believed that the long months together with a really small number of colleagues and without significant entertainment will be the most complicated part of the Mars expedition. In research on Mars simulators, researchers have noticed that the participants of the experiment face t.s. Third trimester syndrome. That is to say, at the beginning of the mission of nine months, everything is going well, but then there is a growing emotional problem and the lowest point is reached just before the fourth quarter, just before the end. It goes without saying that many years of missions on the Red Planet, or living in an autonomous colony, will have many emotional health problems.

It turns out that boredom is not explored as much, but it is considered a form of stress. If the mind is not employed, then it "hides" away from real life: in dreams, thoughts, in self-study. If such processes are too long, it can endanger the normal functioning of the brain. Chronic boredom correlates with depression and attention deficit. Therefore, scientists have to think about how to deal with the situation, since millions of kilometers of aborted astronauts in their homes can begin to take ill-considered treatments or look for risky entertainment to cope with boredom.

It is known that this is the case sometimes in the polar expeditions in Antarctica, where the destroyed researchers can go out to an island of 40 degrees, without dressing properly and without informing their colleagues. "The Antarctic buildings are terrible, of course, they have roofs and floors, but the houses are not inspiring, people are inspired by the work they do here." Awareness of the mission And that's why they want to go back year after year. that you can create an acceptable environment no matter where you are, "explains Petraneks.

The most realistic solution for any mission of this kind is the minute that everyone under the plan sweeps. Otherwise, celebrating a completely stupid event or anniversary.

The material was created in collaboration with the television channel of the FOX International Channels National Geographic group.

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