Britain is beginning to overtake the United States in obesity rates, with the latest figures showing that more children in England are clbadified as obese at age 11 than in the United States. UU
The proportion of American children aged 9 to 11 who are obese is 18.5%. The number of children in their last year of elementary school in England is at a record level of 20%.
High school children are also more obese. In the England Health Survey, 23% of children aged 11 to 15 were obese in 2016. In America, 20.6% of children aged 12 to 15 were obese.
Simon Capewell, professor of public health and policy at the University of Liverpool, said: "Our worst fears have happened. We have fully embraced the American lifestyle with the inevitable consequences. The government needs to defend our children.
The proportion of American children aged 9 to 11 who are obese is 18.5% while n in their last year of elementary school in England is at a record of 20%.
& # 39; We have an epidemic of obesity in children and this results in an epidemic of disease in adults with diabetes, heart disease, stroke, common cancer and mental health problems. This is a preventable catastrophe. "
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) reports that adult obesity rates in the United Kingdom increased from 14% to 26.9%, between 1991 and 2015, an increase This compares with an increase in obesity rates from 23.2% in 1991 to 38.2% in 2014, an increase of 65% in the United States.
The United States is the most obese country in the 34 countries of The OECD and still has higher rates of childhood obesity than the UK However, the revelation that a larger proportion of 11-year-olds in England are obese will put Theresa May under renewed pressure to crack down on junk food marketing
May is revealing a new anti-obesity strategy in a matter of weeks The mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, announced this month that he plans to ban ads for high-salt, fat and sugar foods from the metro network and bus from the capital.  A government report warned that obesity rates are likely to increase a quarter of adults by half by 2050, costing the NHS about £ 10bn a year. The broader economic costs are estimated at £ 50 billion per year.
Children in state schools in England have weight and height measured in the year of reception, from four to five years, and year 6, from 10 to 11. The data is sent to NHS Digital.
Wales only measures children at reception, with 14.5% overweight and 11.7% obese. Scotland registers weight and height in the first year of primary school, when 12% of children are at risk of being overweight and 10% are at risk of being obese.
The most recent data from the NHS, for 2016-17, show that almost a quarter of the reception children in England were overweight or obese. In year 6, it was more than a third. The proportion of children in the reception clbadified as obese stood at 9.6%. The proportion that was obese in year 6 increased from 18.3% in 2007-8 to 20% in 2016-17.
The areas with the highest rates of childhood obesity include Barking and Dagenham in East London at 29.2%, Sandwell in the West Midlands at 27.8% and Copeland at Cumbria at 25.1%.
Separate data from the Health Survey for England show that the proportion of people aged 11 to 15 who are obese increased from 19% in 2007 to 23% in 2016.
In America, the data is collected by the National Health and Nutrition Survey. It uses a different reference point, but the figures show that a smaller proportion of children are clbadified as obese.
Tam Fry, president of the National Obesity Forum, a health campaign group, said: "We need much more radical policies with a complete ban on advertising of fatty and sugary foods."
The Department of Health said: " We know that childhood obesity is one of our biggest public health challenges, which is why our obesity plan goes beyond any other country Our tax on the soft drink industry has eliminated [large amounts] of sugar from the diets of children. "