Kyrgyzstan unrest: former president regrouped as power struggle


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Reuters

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The President of Kyrgyzstan declared a state of emergency on Friday after days of conflict between rival political groups

The former President of Kyrgyzstan is re-appointed as the country’s incumbent leader tries to increase his power after days of unrest over a disputed election.

Security forces detained former leader Almazbek Atambayev in a raid on Saturday.

He was freed a few days earlier by supporters to protest against last Sunday’s parliamentary elections.

The election has created a political crisis in the Central Asian country.

On Saturday, Kyrgyzstan’s parliament nominated nationalist politician Sadar Zaparov as the new prime minister, after his predecessor came to power, opening a power vacuum.

Mr. Zhaparov is also among several prominent politicians who were freed this week during protests. He was serving a prison sentence in 2013 on charges of taking a government official hostage.

Demonstrators began to take to the streets of the capital Bishkek and unrest after storming government buildings on Tuesday, demanding a new vote and the resignation of pro-Russian President Sorambane Zenebkov.

He said the election results had been rigged – claims that international monitors were “credible” and a cause for “serious concern”.

President Genbkov has said that he will resign when the new government is formed and the rule of law is restored.

Meanwhile, the president declared a state of emergency after violence and clashes with police following demonstrations on Friday.

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Media captionProtesters stormed a government complex in Bishkek earlier this week

There was fierce fighting between groups supporting rival politicians aspiring to become the country’s new Prime Ministers.

More than 1,200 people have been injured and one person killed in a road struggle since the protests. Police have reportedly used water canons, stun grenades and tear gas to disperse the protesters.

Now, curfews and strict military restrictions have been imposed, including control over people traveling in and out of the capital.

Until independence in 1991, China, which was on the border of China, was a landless country. It has a reputation for holding semi-free and fair elections compared to some of its neighbors, but in 2005 and 2010, rebels drove past presidents out of power. .

The latest political instability is related to Kyrgyzstan’s ally Russia, which has played a role in mediating recent crises in other North-Soviet states, including Belarus.

How and why was Atambev rearranged?

A spokesman for Mr. Atambeyev told AFP news agency that on Saturday “special forces stormed their premises”.

The State Security Service said it had detained Mr Atambev on charges of inciting unrest. The former president is one of Mr. Zanebkov’s fiercest political enemies.

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Mr Atambeyev’s supporters had on Tuesday ensured his release from prison, where he was serving a lengthy sentence on corruption charges.

What caused the unrest and what did the protesters want?

A disputed parliamentary election this week led to a violent uproar as protesters refused to accept the result. The results were later announced by the Central Election Commission.

The skirmishes stormed government offices across the country and, with their own leaders set up, created a power vacuum and spread mob rule across the country.

Former Prime Minister Kubatbek Boronov stepped down on Wednesday.

In an extraordinary session of Parliament on Saturday, Mr. Boronov was replaced by Mr. Zhaparov, who has the support of the nationalists.

Seen as an aide to the president by opposition factions, Mr. Zhaperov told lawmakers that he would keep the cabinet line up unchanged.

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Sadar Zaparov was named as the new Prime Minister by Kyrgyzstan’s Parliament on Saturday

It is unclear whether this appointment will satisfy the protesters, who cannot agree on who should lead the new government. Each group wants their own leader to assume power.

Earlier, President Jenbkov sacked top security officials who supported the opposition or failed to intervene when he was occupying power.

What do we know about elections?

The parliamentary vote was held last Sunday. Only four of the 16 political parties won enough votes to gain seats in Parliament – three of the four had close ties to Mr. Zanebkov.

None of the established opposition parties secured a single seat, and on Monday all 12 opposition groups jointly declared that they would not identify the results.

He accused the president of buying votes and intimidating voters on parties. Some observers noticed that during the first hours of voting, some citizens were being given marked masked ballots.

Voters were also accused of bribing and raiding places where they could swing the result.