Kurdish independence referendum: Iraq court docket rejects consequence | News | DW


Iraq’s high court docket mentioned on Monday there have been no articles within the nation’s structure that allowed a area or province to interrupt away.

The ruling was a response to a request from the central authorities in Baghdad to place an finish to any “wrong misinterpretation” of the structure and badert the unity of Iraq, a court docket spokesman mentioned.

The court docket additionally rejected the September 25 Kurdish referendum that noticed the Kurds overwhelmingly vote for independence, defying the federal government in Baghdad.

Read extra: Kirkuk: What it’s essential to know concerning the Kurdish-Iraqi dispute

Tensions between the federal government in Baghdad and the Kurds escalated following the non-binding referendum.

Last month, Iraq-led forces launched an operation within the Kurdish-held areas and recaptured the oil-rich province of Kirkuk and different disputed territories from the Kurdish peshmerga forces.

  • Thousands of Iraqi soldiers gather before advancing to Kirkuk in military vehicles

    Kirkuk: Who’s preventing in Iraq’s Kurdish-controlled province?

    Battle for Kirkuk

    Only just a few pictures have been fired, however Iraq’s resolution to ship in armed forces into the Kurdish-controlled province of Kirkuk and convey it again into the fold has heightened tensions within the Middle East nation. Who’s on who’s facet? And the place is the territorial dispute going? DW takes a have a look at the actors and their motives.

  • Members of the Iraqi army advance on Kirkuk in military vehicles

    Kirkuk: Who’s preventing in Iraq’s Kurdish-controlled province?

    Iraq’s military

    In 2014, Kurdish forces went into Kirkuk to fill within the void left behind after Iraq’s military collapsed from the “Islamic State’s” army marketing campaign. But three years later, the Iraqi army has been rebuilt and ridden a wave of victories in opposition to the infamous militant group. They’re the primary instrument of exhausting energy for the Iraqi authorities as Baghdad fights for management of the oil-rich province.

  • Shiite fighters of the Popular Mobilization Units on the outskirts of Mosul

    Kirkuk: Who’s preventing in Iraq’s Kurdish-controlled province?

    Shiite-dominated Popular Mobilization Units

    Even in the course of the liberation of Mosul, the Iraqi military was backed by the Popular Mobilization Units – an alliance of principally Shiite militias. The Popular Mobilization Units joined the Iraqi military when it superior on Kurdish-controlled positions in and across the metropolis of Kirkuk. Kurdish politicians have lashed on the models, saying they’re serving Iran’s aim to destabilize the area.

  • Peshmerga forces belonging to the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan patrol the streets in the Saladin province

    Kirkuk: Who’s preventing in Iraq’s Kurdish-controlled province?

    Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK)

    The Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) is likely one of the principal opposition political events in Iraqi Kurdistan. Since the primary Gulf War, the PUK has collectively administered Iraqi Kurdistan with the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP). Both the PUK and KDP have their very own peshmerga forces. In Kirkuk, PUK peshmerga fled the town, leaving it just about unopposed to Iraqi forces.

  • A KDP peshmerga fighter stands at a destroyed roundabout in a town near Sinjar, northern Iraq

    Kirkuk: Who’s preventing in Iraq’s Kurdish-controlled province?

    Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP)

    The Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) led by Iraqi Kurdistan President Masoud Barzani is the ruling political social gathering in Iraqi Kurdistan’s parliament. Despite warnings from the central authorities, it was the KDP’s Barzani who vowed to maneuver ahead on the independence referendum, infuriating Baghdad. KDP peshmerga fighters – just like the PUK fighters – fled Kirkuk when Iraqi forces superior on the town.

  • PKK fighters on the streets of Kirkuk

    Kirkuk: Who’s preventing in Iraq’s Kurdish-controlled province?

    The Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK)

    The Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) was born within the 1970s out of an formidable dream to create a Marxist-Leninist state within the Middle East to be referred to as Kurdistan. In the 1980s, the group launched a bloody insurgency in opposition to the state of Turkey. While thought of unwelcome in Iraq, the PKK has hyperlinks with Iraq’s Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) – and certain appeared in Kirkuk to again them.

    Author: Lewis Sanders IV

Major blow for Kurdistan

Iraq’s Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi on Friday referred to as on the semi-autonomous Kurdistan area to abide by the court docket’s ruling.

“We call on the region to clearly state its commitment to non-separation or independence from Iraq,” he mentioned in a press release. There was no fast response from Kurdish authorities.

Read extra: Kurds pursuit of an impartial sovereign nation

Abadi mentioned the federal government was now “taking the necessary measures to impose federal authorities.” He didn’t present any additional particulars.

The ruling is a significant enhance for Abadi as he seeks to forestall a repeat of the September vote, mentioned Ahmed Younis, a Baghdad-based constitutional skilled.

“The court ruling has put an end to the Kurdish attempt to breakaway from Iraq,” he added.

ap/rt (Reuters, dpa)

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