“Kovid-19 does not spare young people,” researchers said cautiously

As the Kovid-19 pandemic develops, so does our understanding of whom the virus kills the most difficult. Physicians generally warn that immunocopromised and elderly people, as well as people with certain underlying health conditions, are particularly vulnerable. Men, recent analysis suggests, are also at greater risk of dying from the disease.

Young adults are rarely focused on their physical condition. However, a recent analysis of young adult Kovid-19 patients rejected that thinking with clarity.

According to a research paper published on Wednesday in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine, Young adults may experience substantial rates of adverse outcomes. An analysis of 3,222 young adults between the ages of 18 and 34 indicated hospitalization with Kovid-19:

  • 21 percent required intensive care.
  • 10 percent mechanical ventilation is required.
  • 2.7 percent died.

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Jonathan Cunningham is the first author of the research paper and a cardiology fellow at Brigham & Women’s Hospital & Harvard Medical School. he says In the shlokas While most adults who are infected with Kovid-19 do not need to be hospitalized, they are admitted at “substantial risk for poor outcomes,” including requiring a ventilator in an intensive care unit, or dying. is.

The report found that young adult patients with conditions such as diabetes, morbid obesity and high blood pressure were at greater risk of adverse events associated with Kovid-19. Patients with more than one of these conditions face risks that are observed in middle-aged adults without them.

“Young adults should know that everyone, regardless of age, has some risk of serious consequences from Kovid-19,” says Cunningham.

“In order to resume colleges and universities in particular, young adults should be aware of the risks of COVID-19 and take reasonable precautions to protect themselves from infection.”

Coronavirus in young adults

To date, few studies have tracked the clinical progress of Kovid-19 in young adults. According to Cunningham and his colleagues, Kovid-19 is generally considered a disease affecting older adults.

To fill this research gap and to find out how Kovid-19 affects the health and well-being of young adults, the team collected data on young adults between the ages of 18 and 34, who were selected on April 1 and 30 Discharged between June 2020. They excluded the pregnant. Young adults and only patients were admitted to the first hospital for Kovid-19. Finally, the study population consisted of 3,222 young adults representing admissions in 422 US hospitals.

The average age of this group was 28 years. About 57.6 percent of the patients were male. Sixty-five percent were black or Hispanic, a finding that aligns with prior findings of disproportionate disease severity in these demographic groups.

Overall, 36.8 percent of people have obesity, 24.5 percent morbid obesity (body mass index (BMI) over 40 kg / m मीटर), 18.2 percent diabetes, and 16.1 percent hypertension – conditions that have been linked to severe outcomes in other studies Huh.

Mechanical ventilation in young adults with and without obesity, hypertension, and diabetesJAMA Internal Medicine

Meanwhile, a portion of young adults in the study suffered from severe and sometimes fatal consequences from Kovid-19.

Cunningham says, “These findings suggest that young adults who have to go to the hospital for Kovid-19 face significant risks in an acute care unit, including treatment in an intensive care unit, breathing. Including the need for a ventilator or die. ” .

Coronavirus deaths and age factors

Older age is consistently associated with higher mortality in patients with Covid-19, NYC Health + Hospitals President and Chief Executive Officer Michele Katz reported in a related editor’s note.

Nevertheless, Katz writes, these findings suggest “Kovid-19 does not leave young people.”

In the study, in-hospital mortality for younger adults was lower than in older adults with Kovid-19, and nearly twice that of younger adults who experience heart attacks.

“While young adults are much less likely than older individuals to be seriously ill, if they reach the point of hospitalization, their risks are substantial,” Katz explains.

Meanwhile, morbid obesity, hypertension, and men were associated with greater risk of death or mechanical ventilation. More than one of these at-risk patients had similar outcomes as middle-aged adults without any risk factors.

Since obesity and hypertension are preventable and treatable conditions, Katz argues that to reduce the risk of severe Kovid-19 disease “to increase medical and public health efforts in already long-term young adults” Reasons for promoting a healthy diet and increased exercise should be added. ” ”

Currently, the rate of Kovid-19 infection in young adults is “increasing rapidly,” research paper authors report. These spikes are fueled, in part, by the reopening of colleges. Young people tend to be less vigilant about social disturbances due to others, and behavioral factors make the case count. Against this backdrop, the team’s findings are particularly salient.

“Kovid-19 is a deadly disease in people of all ages,” Katz comments. “Social disturbances, face covering, and other approaches to prevent transmission are important in young adults such as in older individuals.”