Jinnah’s daughter, and a symbol of India and Pakistan’s tumultuous history — Quartz


Dina Wadia, the 98-year-old daughter of Pakistan’s founding father Muhammad Ali Jinnah, isn’t any extra.

Mohammad Ali Jinnah, leader of the Muslim League, poses in his New Delhi study on June 10, 1947, the day after the league accepted the British plan for an independent  Muslim nation in India. The nation was to become Pakistan.  (AP Photo)
Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Rarely seen in or heard in public, Wadia has remained an elusive—even when enigmatic—image of the subcontinent’s tumultuous historical past for the previous 70 years.

Not the least as a result of she selected to not transfer to Pakistan, which her father had carved out in 1947. Instead, she stayed in India and married a Parsi and had two kids. One of them went on to develop into the 25th richest Indian and the patriarch of one of many nation’s oldest and greatest identified textile firms.

Born on the intervening evening of Aug. 14 and 15 in 1919—satirically, Pakistan, “her sibling,” was born precisely three a long time later to the date—she was an in depth witness to the politics and private lifetime of her father in addition to his transformation from a champion of spiritual unity to the torchbearer of Muslim nationalism within the subcontinent.

Raised in London and Mumbai, she, nonetheless, fell out with Jinnah following her marriage to Neville Wadia, a Parsi.

As Mahommedali Currim Chagla, a former Jinnah aide, wrote in his autobiography Roses in December:

Jinnah requested Dina “there are millions of Muslim boys in India, is he the only one you were waiting for?” and Dina replied, “There were millions of Muslim girls in India, why did you marry my mother then?”

Wadia’s mom, Rattanbai Petit, or Ruttie, was herself born into an prosperous Parsi household. Almost instantly as she turned 18, Ruttie eloped with a 42-year-old Jinnah, embraced Islam, and married him, creating fairly a scandal within the genteel society of 1900’s Bombay.

Clearly, like her mom, Wadia wasn’t a stickler for non secular norms. However, her marriage to Neville didn’t final, and she or he moved to London and later to New York, the place she lived the remainder of her life. “I speak to my mother once a day every day no matter where I am…I don’t think there is any mother-son relationship in the world as close as ours,” her son Nusli stated in 2008.

Yet, it was her tumultuous relationship together with her father, whom she teasingly addressed as “Grey Wolf” after Turkish chief Kemal Ataturk, that will likely be remembered in each India and Pakistan. Already strained over time owing to Jinnah’s epochal political life, the subcontinent’s partition in 1947 brought about the ultimate rupture between father and daughter. But even after he moved to the nation he had created in his ultimate days, Wadia would usually write to Jinnah. In April 1947, as an example, she wrote:

My darling Papa,

First of all I need to congratulate you—we have now acquired Pakistan, that’s to say the principal has been accepted. I’m so proud and completely happy for you—how arduous you have got labored for it.

I do hope you might be protecting effectively—I get plenty of information of you from the newspapers. The kids are simply recovering from whooping cough, it should take one other month but.

However, a lot earlier than he died in September 1948, their relationship had been exhausted. When Wadia wished to go to Pakistan on listening to that her father was critically sick, he refused her a visa and she or he might go to Pakistan solely after his funeral. The subsequent time she visited the nation was 56 years later, in 2004.

In the meantime, again in India, she’d battle the federal government over Jinnah’s Mumbai bungalow, deemed an “evacuee property” and match to be confiscated as a result of her father had not named her his inheritor. She pleaded to be allowed to remain on the home the place she spent her youthful days. But, it was by no means to be. Wadia died in New York.

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