“My family and I began to notice changes about three years ago,” Jackson wrote in a press release. “After a battery of tests, my physicians identified the issue as Parkinson’s disease, a disease that bested my father.”
Jackson added that “recognition of the effects of this disease on me has been painful.”
He additionally mentioned he sees his badysis as “a signal that I must make lifestyle changes and dedicate myself to physical therapy in hopes of slowing the disease’s progression.”
Born in Greenville, South Carolina, the 76-year-old is a two-time Democratic presidential candidate. Highlights of his profession embrace collaborating in civil rights demonstrations with the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., negotiating efficiently for the discharge of three US troopers who had been held in Yugoslavia and receiving the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Bill Clinton.
Jackson’s son Jesse Jr. is a former US congressman who represented Illinois’ 2nd District.
More just lately, Jackson spoke out in 2014 concerning the capturing loss of life of 18-year-old Ferguson, Missouri, resident Michael Brown, which sparked protests and a nationwide debate about race and police.
Parkinson’s illness is attributable to the loss of life of mind cells that include dopamine, a neurotransmitter needed for communication inside the mind. Losing dopamine neurons is a traditional a part of growing older, but sufferers with Parkinson’s lose many greater than traditional, and the mind’s lack of ability to compensate results in signs.
Parkinson’s usually begins with a small tremor within the hand or muscle stiffness and progresses over time. Usually, signs are worse on one facet of the physique. The apparent bodily signs are the rationale it’s typically known as a “movement disorder,” but different indicators are additionally widespread: Patients can expertise despair, sleep issues, anxiousness, fatigue and constipation.
About 15% to 25% of Parkinson’s sufferers have a member of the family with the illness, the Parkinson’s Disease Foundation says. Quite a lot of genes — greater than 20 — both trigger or contribute to the danger of growing Parkinson’s illness.
Parkinson’s is sometimes misdiagnosed as a result of there is no such thing as a take a look at for it. Doctors usually depend on a DaTscan, a nuclear imaging take a look at that appears at mind chemistry and the integrity of dopamine cells, specifically. Normal dopamine cells imply you do not have Parkinson’s, but when the DaTscan outcomes are irregular, you’ll have any certainly one of a collection of ailments that leads to the loss of life of dopamine cells, Parkinson’s being the most typical.
Doctors solely deal with the shortage of dopamine within the mind — although Parkinson’s impacts completely different areas of mind operate, together with autonomic features (comparable to blood strain and respiration), cognition and urination.
Treatment and prognosis
When signs progress and medicine fails, some sufferers go for surgical interventions, comparable to deep mind stimulation, which entails the implantation of electrodes within the mind.
Most sufferers with Parkinson’s die with it, not due to it. However, long-term Parkinson’s sufferers could develop dementia or lose their skill to stroll and so develop problems comparable to pneumonia or different infections that may result in loss of life.
“I am far from alone,” Jackson mentioned in his badertion.
“I want to thank my family and friends who continue to care for me and support me,” he concluded. “I will need your prayers and graceful understanding as I undertake this new challenge.”