Japan recognizes dozens of ‘black rain’ victims as Hiroshima nuclear bomb survivors

In its ruling, the Hiroshima district court held that 84 plaintiffs, who suffered radiation-related illnesses after World War II, should receive the same benefits as other victims who lived close to the explosion limits.

The US dropped a bomb on Hiroshima, a city in southwestern Japan, on August 6, 1945, killing more than 70,000 people immediately. A second bomb was dropped on Nagasaki three days later and more than 40,000 were killed.

The bombings left thousands of others to die slowly from burns or radiation-related diseases. They caused radioactive “black rain” throughout the region – a mixture of particles falling from the explosion, carbon residues from city fires, and other hazardous elements. Black rain fell on people’s skin and clothing, was inhaled, contaminated food and water, and caused widespread radiation poisoning.

The US remains the only country to use nuclear bombs in war.

Wadi was 4 years old in 79-year-old Siji Takato lawsuits when the bombing took place. When he was 8, he developed lymphatic swelling of the arm and since then he suffered from stroke and heart problems.

But until now, he and others living in the “light rain” exposure zone were unable to access free medical care provided to victims in the “heavy rain” zones – areas identified by the government as the most affected and closest is. blast zone. This decision marks the first time similar benefits have been given to victims outside the region.

Takato said after releasing the court’s ruling, “We are telling the government as facts and truth. But they never listened to us.” “I am very happy. I did not expect that all 84 (litigants) would win the case.”

Takato said he had become “worried” because all the plaintiffs were now elderly, mostly in their 80s and 90s. “We would all die if this (case) was for a long time,” he said.

The verdict ordered the city and prefectural government to provide the plaintiff with a certificate that identifies them as “A-bomb victims”, giving them medical benefits for timely treatment, costing approximately $ 300 per Month.

At a press conference, Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga said that the government has not decided whether the ruling should appeal. “We will investigate in detail about the ministries, Hiroshima Prefecture and the city of Hiroshima to decide further action,” he said.

75 years later

The landmark ruling takes place a week before the 75th anniversary of the attack, when former US President Harry S. Truman authorized the US B-29 bomber aircraft Enola Gay to fire “Little Boy” nuclear bombs on Hiroshima.

Those who survived say that the explosion began with a noiseless flash, and a huge wave of intense heat that turned clothing into rags. Those closest to the impact site were immediately vaporized or burned to ashes. There was a deaf boom and a blast – for some – felt as if being stabbed by hundreds of needles.

Then arson started. Flames swept the city. Many survivors found themselves covered with blisters. The bodies litter the streets.

Outright mayhem led former US President Dwight D. to criticize the decision to use the atomic bomb. Has led many people including Eisenhower.

75 years later Hiroshima: the path of the atomic bomb

In 1958, the city council of Hiroshima passed a motion of condemnation to condemn Truman, describing the former president’s stance as “grossly disrespectful to the people of Hiroshima and committed to their victims”.

But Truman’s position only became stricter, writing in response, “I think the sacrifice of Hiroshima and Nagasaki was immediate and necessary for the future welfare of Japan and the Allies.”

In 2016, Barack Obama became the first US president to visit Hiroshima, where he called for “a world without nuclear weapons”.

The bombing and subsequent terror at the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum, which sits near Ground Zero in the Japanese city, is recorded and memorialized.

According to public broadcaster NHK, there were 136,682 government-recognized survivors in the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings as of March, citing government officials.

Some survivors have made it their personal mission to ensure that no one can forget the hellish events in Hiroshima.

Retired teacher Kosi Mito survived her mother’s pregnancy from exploding – she was four months pregnant with him when the bomb dropped. He has been at the Hiroshima Peace Memorial almost every day for the past 13 years, keeping bombing and subsequent documents in a variety of languages, and paying attention to bind with visitors.

“Without knowing the historical facts, we can repeat the same mistakes again,” he said. “We have no responsibility for what has happened in the past, but we have a responsibility for the future.”

CNN’s Brad Landon, Thom Patterson and Ryan Brown contributed to this report.


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