YOU may be wondering if diabetes can be prevented. Yes, it can.
Although we have called diabetes a "killer", it does not mean that if you are diagnosed with the disease you have been given a death sentence. Far from there! Diabetes can be treated, treated, controlled and, in some cases, reversed.
Treatment objectives are:
• Maintain glucose levels within the normal range;
• Prevent acute and long-term complications badociated with diabetes; and
• Improve the quality of life.
Many cases of type 2 diabetes can be prevented by adapting changes in lifestyle. This includes exercising regularly, changing diet and controlling weight. This is not the case for type 1 diabetes; Currently, insulin is the only treatment available.
By far, the most important steps you can take if you are diabetic are controlling and controlling your blood sugar level. These factors are critical for controlling your diabetes and avoiding complications. I can not emphasize this enough. It is not difficult and involves keeping sugar levels as close as possible to normal and avoiding very high or very low levels of blood sugar.
A glucometer can be used to control your blood sugar level and help you achieve it. This is an essential tool for all diabetics, and it is a worthwhile investment in your long-term health.
In the control of diabetes, first emphasis is placed on the modification of lifestyle, which is to change some of their habits, especially those related to eating. So, for example, if you are overweight you need to lose pounds until you reach your target weight, that is, the appropriate weight for your age, bad and body type.
We have already indicated that & # 39; normal & # 39; , as in the normal level of blood sugar, is an important word for diabetics. If your blood sugar levels are normal, it means that you are avoiding high or low blood sugar levels, which are potentially harmful and can lead to a diabetic coma, which can be fatal.
High and Low Blood Sugar Levels
Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) develops when there is not enough glucose in your body. Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) occurs when blood sugar levels are too high. Many different factors, including certain medications and diet, can lead to the development of these two conditions. It is important that you know your body, what causes your blood sugar to rise or fall, and what your treatment plan implies.
This is necessary so that when your blood glucose levels are outside your target range, you can review your treatment plan to determine what actions you should take to get these levels back to normal. Now we will explain some of the consequences of high and low blood sugar levels and why they should be avoided if a diabetic wishes to maintain good health.
Hypoglycaemia or hypoglycemia occur when your blood sugar level drops below your target range. Some reasons include:
• Not eating enough;
• Skipping a meal or snack;
• Eat later than usual;
• Exercise for a longer period;
• Do more strenuous exercise  than usual;
• Taking too much insulin, or also
many hypoglycaemic medications;
• Drinking alcohol without eating.
Some of the early symptoms of hypoglycemia include:
• Feeling hungry, weak or shaky;
• Dizziness, lightheadedness;
• Accelerated heartbeat;
• Blurred vision;
• Numbness or tingling of the lips.
You should receive treatment for low blood sugar levels when these symptoms occur or when the blood glucose drops below 3.8 mmol / l (70 mg / dl). If you do not receive treatment, your blood glucose level will continue to decrease, your symptoms will get worse, and you may faint or go into a coma.
You should know how your body feels when your blood glucose levels drop, so you can recognize the symptoms and be prepared to act quickly.
Actions to take
When you experience symptoms of hypoglycaemia, use your glucometer to check your blood sugar level. Then, eat or drink something that contains 15 grams of carbohydrates.
Examples of a portion (15 grams) of carbohydrates:
• 1/2 cup of fruit juice
• 1/2 cup of regular soda  • 1 cup of skim milk
• Glucose tablets (according to package instructions)
• 1 tablespoon of honey
• 6 crackers
• 4 teaspoons of granulated sugar
• 8 ounces of meal replacement
] After you have finished, wait, then test the level again in 15 minutes. If the level is higher than 70 mg / dl and you feel better, continue with your daily activities. However, if after three tests your blood glucose level continues to fall, seek help from the nearest doctor.
Hyperglycemia occurs when your blood glucose levels are too high. There are many causes:
• Having too much to eat or drink;
• Having meals too close to one another;
• Do not do your usual exercise routine;
• Forget taking medications or
• Do not take the correct dose of
medications or insulin.
The following are symptoms of hyperglycemia:
• Tiredness;  • Increased thirst;
• Increased hunger;
• Slowness in cicatricial ulcers;
• Frequent urination;
• Blurred vision.
Actions to take
To prevent and treat high blood sugar levels, you need to understand what is happening. Ask yourself these questions:
• Have I stopped taking my medications as recommended?
• Have I changed my daily routine?
• Have I decreased the amount of exercise I usually do?
• Do I have my feed pattern changed?
If you answered "yes" to any or all of these questions, then you have solved the problem. Go back to your regular treatment plan and continue to monitor your blood sugar levels. If your blood sugar level is still high, call or visit your doctor. If left untreated, hyperglycemia can be dangerous.
1. Diabetics need to maintain normal blood sugar levels.
2. Your fasting blood sugar level should be less than 6.1 mmol / L or 110 mg / dL.
3. Your blood sugar level two hours after a meal should be less than 7.8 mmol / L or 140 mg / dL.
Extracts taken from my book A patient guide for the treatment of diabetes mellitus.
© Jacqueline Elaine Campbell
Dr. Jacqueline E. Campbell is a family doctor, university professor and pharmacologist. She is the author of the book A Patient's Guide to the Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus .