- Chandrayaan 3 will not carry an orbiter – but will include a lander and a rover to study the lunar surface.
- Despite the apparent hard landing of the lander, the Chandrayaan-2 mission is considered 95–98% successful.
- The Chandrayaan 1 mission provided conclusive evidence for the presence of ice water at the poles.
India’s moon mission successor- Chandrayaan-3 is likely to be launched somewhere in early 2021, as announced by Minister of State for Space Department Jitendra Singh on Sunday.
The third lunar mission was earlier scheduled for 2020, but the ongoing epidemic and the lockdown imposed to prevent the spread of coronaviruses have halted many activities of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). Chandrayaan 3. In June, before ISRO pushed the unplanned Gaganyaan mission also at a later date.
In its second attempt, the Indian Space Agency aims to achieve a soft landing at the south pole of the lunar surface, which has been the least explored to date. Unlike its predecessor, Chandrayaan 3 will not carry an orbiter – but will include a lander and a rover to study the lunar surface.
In one of the earlier announcements by ISRO earlier this year, K Sivan stated, “The Chandrayaan-2 orbiter will be used for communication with Chandrayaan-3’s lander and rover during its mission on the Moon.”
In addition, the report suggested that ISRO scientists are also considering incorporating the improvements that experts have suggested after analyzing what went wrong in previous missions. One such priority may be to ‘strengthen the legs of the lander’ to improve its chances of survival in the event of a second accident.
On September 7, 2019, Lander Vikram crashed to the surface while attempting to soft-land on the moon, the only natural satellite on Earth. According to ISRO, the lander’s trajectory began to deviate about 2.1 km above the lunar surface and mission control subsequently lost all communication with the lander. The agency failed to reestablish contact despite continued efforts for several weeks.
Despite the apparent hard landing of the lander, the Chandrayaan-2 mission is believed to be 95–98% successful as all the equipment on the orbiter is working well and sending data back to ISRO. The mission has helped scientists study lunar environments, topography, composition and other details.
A decade ago, the Chandrayaan 1 mission provided conclusive evidence for the presence of ice water at the poles, which is devoid of sunlight. In addition, recent mission data were also used to examine the presence of rust or hematite on the lunar surface.
On the other hand, ISRO continues to work strictly on one of its most awaited missions, Gaganyaan – the first manned space mission. The training of astronauts is underway in Russia and the missions of some unknown missionaries are likely to begin next year.
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