"The problem of Jerusalem is the problem of the Palestinian people and the cause of the nation," Ismail Haniya, the Hamas leader, told Al Jazeera. "We believe that this is an inexplicable bet and an adventure that will not have a ceiling, the decision will be the beginning of an era of terrible transformations in the whole region."
In Gaza City, officials and residents lost little time to make that decision: at noon on Wednesday, despite the deluge, hundreds of protesters burned American flags and posters with the photograph of Mr. Trump, in a protest in the center of the Plaza del Soldado Desconocido. Hamas and Islamic Jihad called on Arab and Islamic leaders to sever relations with the United States and withdraw from peace talks with Israel.
"The fireball will be extended until an intifada erupts," Salah al-Bardawil warned. a senior Hamas leader in Gaza.
In the city of Ramallah in the West Bank, there were harsh words for Mr. Trump of the Palestinians agitated at the idea that they were being forced into another period of conflict.
"We will never allow East Jerusalem to be taken from us," said a retired farmer who identified himself as Abu Malik, 54. "Trump is a madman who knows nothing about politics, I think he should go back to WWF videos, Instead of making these dangerous decisions that will only bring more headaches and bloodshed to our region. "
Maysa Hanoun, 20, a student at the Al-Quds Open University, said she believed Israel's recognition would trigger a third intifada. "He really does not know what he's getting into," he said of Mr. Trump. "The Palestinians will unite and raise hell."
Palestinian officials were weighing whether they were going to cut off contact with the Trump administration, depending on the details and wording of their announcement. But they did not hesitate to describe Mr. Trump's decision to be so partial to Israel that he had disqualified himself from playing the peacemaker.
"We were very close to receiving an offer of peace from the Americans," Majdi Khaldi, an adviser to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, said in a telephone interview. "We want to be positive and to be partners of the USA, and of all the parties that want to make peace, but this act makes it very difficult to continue with the usual activities." Really, we want to make a historic peace with the Israelis, but that is not the way. "
Mr. It was expected that Abbas would respond to Mr. Trump's speech with a televised address on Wednesday night.
In Israel, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, whose assistants boasted that they played a crucial role in convincing Mr. Trump of his decision. , made a last-minute appearance at a diplomatic conference in Jerusalem on Wednesday morning, but did not mention the recognition of the capital. Instead, it gave what appeared to be a highly caffeinated selling point about Israel's recent diplomatic achievements elsewhere.
The rivals and allies of Mr. Netanyahu in Israel had to evaluate Mr. Trump's plans, and they all welcomed him, regardless of their views on how to achieve peace.
"Policies should not be dictated by threats and intimidation," said Yair Lapid, the leader of Yesh Atid, a center-left opposition party. "If violence is the only argument against moving the embassy to Jerusalem, then it only proves that it is the right thing to do."
Avi Gabbay, the leader of the Labor Party, congratulated Mr. Trump, but added that he hoped his announcement would include "confidence-building measures that will rekindle hope in the Middle East and hope for a peace agreement between us and the Palestinians. "
But Naftali Bennett, education minister and right-wing Jewish Home leader, said The American recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital "shows that Israel's strategic patience has paid off."
"They have told us again and again that if we want more acceptance, we have to cut off parts of Israel and deliver them to our enemies," he said, alluding to the land-for-peace approach to the negotiations dating back to the 1990s. 1970. "What we are learning is the opposite: the world respects strong countries that believe in themselves and despise countries willing to renounce their homeland."
Israelis say overwhelmingly that they favor international recognition of Jerusalem as their capital, but they did not seem to have a particular rush before this week.
"I agree with the recognition, but this should have been done with a broad and clear understanding between all sides," said Alon Levi, 44, manager of a chain of health food stores. "I am sorry to say that I feel that a bomb is being thrown to divert us from the real problems, I feel that this is an act that results from the political interests of the leaders and that does not interest the two nations and peace."
Other supporters of a two-state solution took advantage of Mr. Trump's announcement as a dangerous accelerator in a region that has long been a powder keg.
"Maybe it's more toxic," warned Ir Amim, a defense group in Jerusalem, was that Mr. Trump's decision would embolden Israeli lawmakers who are pushing for legislation that would redraw the city's boundaries and reshape its demographic balance, with the intention of making a two-state solution impossible.
"If Jerusalem is going to be the capital of Israel alone," Ziad Abu Zayyad, a former Palestinian minister of Jerusalem affairs, told Israel Army Radio, "then we are on the road to a one-state solution. "
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