Is a Space Mining War Inevitable?

It also proposed a global legal framework for mining on the Moon, called the Artemis Accords, which encourages citizens to mine Earth’s natural satellites and other celestial bodies for commercial purposes.

The directive classified the outdoor space as a “globally and physically unique domain of human activity” rather than a “global commons”, which paves the way for the mining of the moon without any kind of international treaty.

Sponsored by the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the Artemis Accords were signed in October by Australia, Canada, England, Japan, Luxembourg, Italy and the United Arab Emirates.

Former legislator Ilya Taichman, then-Republican Michelle Lujan Grisham, says, “Unfortunately, the Trump administration has exacerbated a national security threat and secured the outside space to fail to include Russia or China as a potential partner To jeopardize economic opportunity. ” Related: Will France Renounce Nuclear Power?

Experts warn of inciting space mining war between US, China and Russia
NASA is working on lunar bases that can travel on wheels, or even feet, increase landing zone security, provide equipment redundancy and improve the difficulty of making significant discoveries . ()Image courtesy of NASA.)

“Instead, the Artemis Agreement has inspired China and Russia to expand cooperation in space out of fear and necessity,” they write.

Russia’s space agency Roskosmos spoke for the first time compared to the policy of colonialism.

“There are already precedents in history when a country decided to start seizing territories in its own interest – everyone remembers what has come of it,” Roskosmos Deputy General Director for International Cooperation, Sergey Saveliev said at the time.

China, which made history in 2019 by becoming the first country to examine the land on the far side of the moon, chose a different approach. Since the Artemis Agreement was first announced, Beijing has jointly approached Russia to build a lunar research base.

President Xi Jinping has also ensured that China has placed its flag on the moon, which occurred in December 2020, more than 50 years after the US reached the lunar surface.

Next wild west?

China has historically been excluded from the US-led international order in space. It is not a participant in the International Space Station (ISS) program, and a US legislative provision limited NASA’s ability to cooperate with it in space in 2011.

“America and China must cooperate in space,” says policy experts Anne-Marie Sloter and Emily Lawrence. “If the US managed to coordinate with the Soviet Union on space policy during the Cold War, it could now find a way to cooperate with China,” he says.

Slaughter, a former director of policy planning at the US State Department from 2009 to 2011, believes President Joe Biden’s team should stay away from Trump’s accusations and instead have a United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Use of Outer Space Must pursue the new curriculum.

Slaughter and Lawrence wrote, “Biden can restore America’s global legitimacy by working to establish a multilateral framework.

It will not be an easy task, they say, but a necessary one. “Without an international framework that includes all major astronaut countries, the moon could become the next wild west.”

the race is on. It has been for some time. So much so that NASA plans $ 28 billion to begin an unmanned mission around the moon in 2021, followed by a Dalit moon flyby in 2023, then a lunar landing in 2024.

NASA plans to build a permanent moon-orbiting base gateway similar to the ISS. From there, the agency hopes to build a base on the lunar surface, where it can mine the resources needed to fly the first astronauts to Mars. Related: A Glamor of Hope for Oil Markets

Russia plans to return to the moon in recent years, possibly traveling further into outer space.

Roscosmos revealed plans to establish a long-term base on the Moon over the next two decades in 2018, while President Vladimir Putin has vowed to embark on a mission to Mars “very soon.”

Experts warn of inciting space mining war between US, China and Russia
NASA outlined its long-term approach to lunar exploration in 2019, which includes setting up a “base camp” at the south pole of the moon. ()Artist submission courtesy of NASA.)

The US, Russia and China are not the first nor the only nations to jump into the lunar mining train.

Luxembourg is one of the first countries to set its eyes on the possibility of mining celestial bodies, a space agency (LSA) created in 2018 to promote the exploration and commercial use of resources from Near Earth objects.

Unlike NASA, the LSA does not conduct or launch research. It aims to accelerate cooperation between economic project leaders, investors and other partners in the space sector.

The small European nation announced plans to build a European Space Resource Innovation Center (ESRIC) in charge of laying the foundation for the exploitation of extra-terrestrial resources.

Luxembourg is also supporting a program to extract resources from the Moon by 2025.

The mission, in partnership with Ariongroup, in charge of the European Space Agency, plans to extract nuclear-free nuclear power, which is believed to be worth trillions of dollars.

Trillion-dollar market

Both China and India have also considered removing helium-3 from Earth’s natural satellite. Beijing has already landed on the moon twice in the 21st century, with more missions.

In Canada, most initiatives have come from the private sector. One of the most touted was the Northern Ontario-based Delitation Innovation Partnership with Moon Express, the first American private space exploration firm to be granted government permission to travel beyond Earth’s orbit.

Works include plans for asteroids in space ventures, tracking space debris, building the first manned habitat on Mars, and billionaire Elon Musk’s own plan for unmanned missions to the Red Planet.

Geologists, as well as emerging companies, such as the US-based Planetary Resources, a firm leading the space mining industry, believe that the asteroid is higher in iron ore, nickel and precious metals than those found on Earth Are the ones that make up the market. Valued in trillions.

On December 5, 2020, a metal asteroid 140 miles wide and an estimated $ 10,000 quadrillion reached the closest to our planet.

Experts warn of inciting space mining war between US, China and Russia
In this concept image, a resource inspector carrying payload rovers on the lunar surface. ()Image courtesy of NASA.)

“With NASA and other companies developing and developing nuclear power for use in space travel and colonization, the reality of mining asteroids is closer than ever,” says Bob Goldstein, CEO of US Nuclear Corp.

With the US Nuclear and Magneto-Inertial Fusion Technologies (MIFTI) proving their fusion energy experiments to be successful, they believe they are only a few years away from building the world’s first fusion power generator.

Fusion power emits up to four times as much energy as fission, and uses fuel that is lighter, lower-cost, safer, and durable.

A spacecraft with a fusion-propelled propulsion system can reach the asteroid belt in seven months. According to Goldstein, it could be powerful enough to take an asteroid into Earth’s orbit, where it would be far more efficient for me and transport these valuable resources to Earth.


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