Baghdad – In the luxurious Shashi Lounge of one of Baghdad’s new restaurants, customers sit on fragrant fruit-scented tobacco at a giant video screen and golden-scented tables laden with views of the Tigri River. It is a week night, but the Sky Lounge of Dawa Restaurant is crowded with people like it is 2019: no masks, no go away, no problems.
Ali Al-Khatib, 37, a businessman, said, “I am living the lifestyle of 2019 before the coronovirus, as he sat on a green velvet chair pulling smoke from a gold embossed glass water pipe.” In the form we do not fear death. It is a psychological factor that can strengthen human immunity. “
His friend, 34-year-old Rami Riyadh, also a businessman, said he threw his mask at the airport when he returned to Baghdad from Amman, Jordan, a week earlier. “It seems that we live here in another world,” he said.
As coronovirus rates have fallen, Iraqis have mooted recommended virus precautions, with many subscribing to a suspected belief in their immunity. This belief, espoused by scientists, has been publicly endorsed by regional and local health officials and some religious leaders.
“We have reached a kind of herd immunity,” one of Baghdad’s senior health officials, Drs. Jasib al-Hizami wrote in a December Facebook post. Reached by phone this week, he said he still stood by those comments.
Such misconceptions, and widespread disregard for virus protection as they have also moved forward as more contagious new forms of the virus are coming around the world, a major new outbreak, lay the cornerstone for fear from public health experts Huh.
Infection rates in Iraq have steadily fallen from more than 3,000 new cases in November to less than 800 on most days in January. The reason for the decline in what the experts have said is a false sense of security.
“Honestly, it’s quiet before the storm,” said Ali Mokkad, director of the Middle East Initiative at the Washington Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation. “There is a potential wave going on until Iraqis are vaccinated or social remedial measures are taken.”
Dr. Mokkad says the decline in infection rates can be explained in part of the temperate winter of Iraq, with windows kept open. Youth may result in fewer deaths and hospitalizations relative to Iraq’s population.
Other experts suspect that the actual number of coronovirus cases in Iraq is likely to double the reported number.
But as official numbers have fallen, Iraqi authorities have relaxed sanctions.
At the height of the epidemic last year, Iraq closed mosques, schools and restaurants as its aseptic health care system struggled to cope. Those restrictions were finalized as infection rates dropped.
Now the government is waging a fight to convince lost Iraqi Iraqi people to wear masks and to stop shaking hands and cheeks, a common same-sex greeting kiss in Iraq.
However, the exact order of those receiving the vaccine may vary by state, but the first will likely be medical workers and residents of long-term care facilities. If you want to understand how this decision is being made, then this article will help.
Life will be normal only when society has adequate protection against coronovirus. Once countries authorize a vaccine, they will only be able to get some percent of their citizens vaccinated in the first two months. The unaffiliated majority will still be vulnerable to infection. Stronger protection against sickness from the growing vaccines of coronaviruses has been shown. But it is also possible for people to spread the virus without being infected because they only experience mild symptoms or none at all. Scientists do not yet know whether vaccines inhibit the transmission of coronovirus. So for the time being, even those vaccinated will have to wear masks, avoid indoor congestion, and so on. Once enough people are vaccinated, it will be very difficult for coronoviruses to infect unprotected people. Depending on how soon we as a society achieve that goal, by 2021, life can come as normal.
Yes, but not forever. The two vaccines likely to be authorized this month from Kovid-19 will clearly save people from getting sick. But the clinical trials that gave these tests were not designed to determine whether those vaccinated could still spread coronaviruses without developing symptoms. This remains a possibility. We know that people who are naturally infected with coronovirus can spread it when they are not experiencing any cough or other symptoms. Researchers will study this question in depth as the vaccine rolls out. Meanwhile, even vaccinated people will need to think of themselves as potential broadcasters.
The Pfizer and BioNTech vaccines are given as a shot in the arm, like other specialized vaccines. The injection will not be different from those you have received before. Thousands of people have already received vaccines, and none of them have reported serious health problems. But some of them have experienced short-term discomfort, including pain and flu-like symptoms that usually last a day. It is possible that people may need to plan to leave work or school one day after the second shot. While these experiences are not pleasant, they are a good sign: they are the result of your own immune system experiencing the vaccine and growing a powerful response that will provide long-lasting immunity.
No. Vaccines from modernism and Pfizer use a genetic molecule to prime the immune system. The molecule, known as mRNA, is eventually destroyed by the body. The mRNA is packaged in an oily bubble that can fuse a cell, allowing the molecule to slip. The cell uses mRNA to make proteins from the coronovirus, which can stimulate the immune system. At any given moment, each of our cells may contain hundreds of thousands of mRNA molecules, which they produce to make their own proteins. Once they become proteins, our cells cut mRNA with special enzymes. The mRNA molecules that make up our cells can only survive for a few minutes. The mRNA in the vaccine is engineered to withstand the cell’s enzymes for a short time, so that cells can make additional virus proteins and indicate a strong immune response. But mRNA can only remain for a few days before it is destroyed.
The campaign has been underestimated by local and provincial health officials who claimed that the rate has fallen because enough Iraqis have been exposed to the virus to gain herd immunity.
But public health experts are skeptical that Iraq is anywhere close.
Herd immunity usually occurs when 70 percent or more of the population has been infected or vaccinated. This renders the virus less likely host and provides the population with resistance to the outbreak.
Dr. Mokkad says Iraq does not conduct randomized trials that would allow it to determine the exact infection rate, but it is best estimated to be about 20 percent of the population.
“For educated Iraqis and officials to come and say ‘we are immune’ or a different tension is unacceptable because it gives a false sense of security,” he said.
In mosques, some preachers have been telling worshipers that unless they follow God, they should not fear the virus.
Even Iraq’s Health Minister, Dr. Hasan al-Tamimi has also not tried to correct misinformation.
When asked about herd immunity, he neither supported nor refuted this notion. In an interview, he attributed the decline in mortality due to the country’s increased capacity to treat Kovid-19 cases and the decline in mortality to divine protection.
“The main factor is God’s mercy,” Dr. Al-Tamimi said.
He has expressed concern about a highly contagious version of the virus recently identified in Britain, and the government has made efforts to prevent infections coming from overseas.
Last week, the government banned entry for most non-Iraqi travelers from 20 countries, including versions with high infection rates. But the ban leaves wider gaps for people to come from other countries where the variant has been identified.
Professor of epidemiology at Al Mustanshirah University in Baghdad. Riyadh Lafta said he expected a more severe wave by March or April, threatening not only compromised immunity but also healthy people.
“We are afraid of another wave like what happened in Europe,” he said. “So this is the risk and danger that we are waiting for. Unfortunately many people are not aware of it yet. “
Iraq, a country of 40 million people, is set for a second wave.
A damaged infrastructure, a system of giving control of ministries to political factions based on loyalty and rampant corruption have devastated the nation’s health care system. Last summer, the lack of oxygen cylinders prompted riots in some hospitals, forcing relatives to try to buy life-saving equipment on their own.
Dr. Al-Tamimi said Iraq had opened 47 new plants to build or refill oxygen cylinders and added 14,000 new beds and 63 new hospitals to help combat the epidemic. The number of hospitals could not be independently verified immediately. Another public health official said the number was less than 25.
Iraq has reserved 1.5 million doses of the Pfizer vaccine, Drs. Al-Tamimi said, and Ultracold is purchasing the freezer to store them for a vaccination campaign that is expected to begin by early March.
But Dr. Lafta and other public health experts said they suspected enough Iraqis would be vaccinated to make the campaign a success.
“People here don’t like vaccines,” he said. “We struggled a lot in the last year to convince them to vaccinate their children for polio and measles.”
Given the widespread poverty that saved many Iraqis from social disturbances, he was not surprised that they would prefer to believe they were immune rather than admit they were at risk.
“It’s about making a living,” he said. “Because social discrimination means that poor people do not go to work, they do not go on the road to sell their goods. They think that if they are worried about coronovirus, they will die of hunger. “
Jafar al-Wali and Falih Hasan contributed reporting.