Iran: promise of the port of Chabahar and nuclear threat | News from Pakistan – tech2.org

Iran: promise of the port of Chabahar and nuclear threat | News from Pakistan



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Iran launched one of its main projects of post-nuclear agreements, the port of Chabahar, further promoting the commitment to the global community, days before the expected decision of the United States Congress on whether Washington will withdraw from the historic international agreement.

On Sunday, President Hbadan Rouhani officially opened the southeastern port of the Iranian province of Sistan-Baluchestan with great fanfare as officials from 17 countries attended a ceremony marking the opening of a new extension of the strategic commercial corridor.

The port of Chabahar development accelerated after Tehran signed the nuclear pact, formally known as the Joint Comprehensive Action Plan, with Washington and five other major powers in 2015 to curb their disputed nuclear program in exchange for relief of punishing economic sanctions.

a visit by reporters at the beginning of last week, the cranes manufactured in Switzerland installed in the first operational dock were unloading containers the trademark of the national shipping company of Iran – Naval Lines of the Islamic Republic of Iran (IRISL ) – in front of a ship that had just arrived from India and transported shipments of wheat, which will be transported by truck to Afghanistan. It was the third shipment that arrived this year as part of a contract to transport 1.1 million tons of wheat from Indian ports to the neighboring country without access to the sea.

The containers are moved to the vast empty area of ​​the Shahid Beheshti container terminal whose finished construction. The equipment financed through an investment of $ 85 million by India will be supplied by companies in Europe and Asia to fill the empty lot.

Soon, Shanghai Zhenhua Heavy Industries Co Ltd (ZPMC) will supply four gantry cranes to accommodate large container ships in the first 8.5 million tonne dock.

Once two thirds of this capacity has been reached, five additional docks will be built to increase the capacity of the port to 82-85 million tons. The planned completion of another multipurpose terminal under construction and a 610km north-south railway for Afghanistan and Central Asia will make the port a strategic badet for India in the face of its geopolitical rivalry with China and Pakistan.

Those nations are developing the $ 46bn China Pakistan economic corridor that meanders to the Pakistani port of Gwadar, less than 100km from Chabahar.

"This is a strategic route for India," said Amirhossein Esmaeili, director of the development project for the port terminal Shahid Beheshti Al Jazeera. "For them to transport goods to Afghanistan through Pakistan is impossible because of security issues or is subject to excessive costs."

At a press conference last week, the head of the Port and Maritime Bureau of Sistan-Baluchistan said the costs for each 20-foot Container was $ 1,000 lower if it was transported through Chabahar to Afghanistan in comparison with the Pakistan route.

Nuclear agreement ruined

A few months after the nuclear agreement with Iran came into effect in January 2016 and sanctions were lifted, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited the country where he agreed to open a credit line 500 million dollars to develop the port, almost half of what Iran plans to invest. The lifting of the embargoes allowed Iran to enter into negotiations with India, China and Europe on investment and supply of equipment.

However, the booming success of Chabahar and other post-sanction agreements that Iran signed now are overshadowed by US opposition. for the nuclear agreement.

Although the International Atomic Energy Agency said Iran fully adhered to the terms of the JCPOA, President Donald Trump, an outspoken opponent of the agreement, refused to "certify" that Iran was complying. This gave the Congress dominated by the Republicans 60 days to decide if Washington should put the sanctions in place.

Head of the IAEA: Iran is complying with the nuclear agreement

Iranian officials have noted the fact that other signatories of the nuclear agreement – China, Russia, Germany, the United Kingdom and France – still back it.

When asked if Iran is ready for the United States to return to sanctions, Mohammad Rastad, Iran's Deputy Minister of Transportation in ports and maritime affairs, said: "Nothing is happening until now, is it?" [19659018] "We have had successful negotiations with international partners after the JCPOA," Rastad told Al Jazeera. "We believe that these investments will help further foster our international relations, and we hope that this will help us achieve a better future for our port and maritime activities."

Billions of trade and investment agreements were signed as a result of the nuclear agreement between the Iranian companies and those of India, China, Russia, Western Europe and the United States.

Apart from the United States, all the other parties to the nuclear agreement have defended it, emphasizing that it has been effective.

Allying Iran with regional rival Saudi Arabia and archenemy Israel, the Trump administration has accused Tehran and its elite military force, the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corp (IRGC), of creating instability in the region by testing long missiles reach and trying to increase the influence in Yemen, Iraq, Syria and Lebanon by supporting the militias there.

Iran says its missile program is for defensive purposes and denies the other allegations.

At the end of October, the United States Treasury D The department added to its SDN list the main companies related to IRGC, such as the construction and port operation companies Tidewater Middle East Co and Iran Marine Industrial Company. The companies affiliated to the IRGC have had a significant participation in the port activities of Iran.

The economic arm of the IRGC, Khatam Al-Anbia Construction Headquarters, has been a great player in the construction of the port of Chabahar in particular.

So far, India has received the approval of the United States with respect to its economic activities in Chabahar.

United States Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said in a visit to India in October that his country does not want to "interfere with legitimacy." business "made with Iran", whether from Europe, India or agreements that are in force or promote economic development and activity for the benefit of our friends and allies. "

That the words of Tillerson are still pending.

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