IAEA Director General Rafael Grossi said on Sunday that the two sides had reached temporary “technical understanding” after their trip to Iran, which had recently signaled plans to reduce cooperation with the world nuclear watchdog.
The interim agreement reached on Sunday would ease the impact of Iran’s withdrawal from the additional protocol, Grossi said. “What we agreed is something that is viable, it is useful to close this gap that we are having now, save the situation now,” he said.
Although the same number of international inspectors will remain in Iran, Grossi said, their access to nuclear facilities will be more limited and they will no longer be allowed to carry out last-minute “quick inspections”.
“This is not a replacement for what we used to have. It is a temporary solution that allows us to continue giving assurances to the world of what is happening there, in the hope that we can get back to a more complete picture,” he said. Grossi.
IAEA observers had been granted extensive inspection rights as part of the 2015 Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), a landmark agreement that was intended to limit Iran’s nuclear program and prevent the country from developing nuclear weapons to change for a sanctions relief. Iran has long maintained that its nuclear program is for peaceful purposes, despite skepticism from the international community.
The two sides had been at a standstill. Washington and Tehran previously insisted that the other must be the first to revert to the deal.
Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif said that as the party that chose to abandon the deal in the first place, the onus remains the United States.
“The United States needs to establish its good faith to get back to the nuclear deal,” Zarif said in an interview with CNN earlier this month. “The United States is not in the nuclear agreement, and the United States is not in the nuclear agreement because of its own decision to withdraw, without taking the routes that were available to it within the nuclear agreement.”
“Until we sit down and talk, nothing is going to happen. It doesn’t mean that when we sit down and talk we are going to be successful, but we know that if we don’t take that step, the situation is simply going to go from bad to worse.” said a senior State Department official.
Jake Sullivan, Biden’s national security adviser, told CNN last week that US officials were particularly concerned about Iran’s decision to refuse to cooperate with the IAEA and that “the first order of business here would be for the Iranians to take the decision to move further. of compliance, and then I think there is a diplomatic track. ”
“We are at an early stage,” Sullivan said. “It is going to take work, it is going to take stubborn and lucid diplomacy, and ultimately Iran will make the decision that it is prepared to take the necessary steps to secure the world and show the world that its (nuclear) program has exclusively peaceful purposes “.