If you want to travel next year, you may need a vaccine passport.

Many companies and technology The groups have started developing smartphone apps or systems for individuals to upload their Kovid-19 testing and vaccination details, creating digital credentials that can be used in concert venues, stadiums, movie theaters, offices, or even That can be shown to enter countries.

The Common Trust Network, an initiative of the Geneva-based nonprofit The Commons Project and the World Economic Forum, has partnered with several airlines including Cathay Pacific, JetBlue, Lufthansa, Swiss Airlines, United Airlines and Virgin Atlantic, as well as hundreds There are also health systems. Across the United States and the Government of Aruba.
The CommonPass app created by the group allows users to upload medical data such as Kovid-19 test results or, ultimately, a proof of vaccination by a hospital or medical professional, Generating a health certificate or passing as a QR code that can be shown to authorities without revealing sensitive information. For travel, the app lists health pass requirements at points of departure and arrival based on your itinerary.
Thomas Crampton, chief marketing and communications officer of the Commons project, told CNN Business, “Every time you cross the border, you can be vaccinated. The paper documents they usually issued as proof of vaccination Referring to the need for a simple and easily transferable credit or “digital yellow card”.
Big tech firms are also getting in the act. IBM (IBM) Has developed its own app called Digital Health Pass, which allows companies and locations to customize the indicators they will require entry, including coronovirus testing, temperature screening and vaccination records. The credentials are then stored in a mobile wallet corresponding to those indicators.
IBM's Digital Health Pass app creates an online vaccine credential that can be stored in a mobile wallet.

In an effort to address a challenge around returning to normalcy after the vaccine is widely distributed, developers may now face other challenges, ranging from privacy issues to representing the diverse effectiveness of various vaccines is. But the biggest challenge is that unsatisfactory implementation and mixed success of a previous attempt at technology to tackle the public health crisis can be avoided: contact tracing apps.

Early in the epidemic, Apple (AAPL) And Google (GOOG) Set their smartphone rivalry to jointly develop a Bluetooth-based system to notify users if they were in contact with someone with the Kovid-19. Many countries and state governments around the world also developed and used their own apps.
Jenny Wenzer said, “I think that where the exposure notification went into some challenges, there was a lack of piecemeal implementation options, federal leadership … where each state had to go alone and therefore each state would be independent. It was to find out, “The Linux Foundation leads the Exposure Notification Initiative for Public Health, a technology-focused organization that helps public health officials around the world face Kovid-19.”
This time to encourage better coordination, The Linux Foundation has partnered with the Kovid-19 Credentials Initiative, a group of more than 300 people, representing dozens of organizations from five continents. And TB is also working with IBM and CommonPass to help develop a set of universal standards for credential apps.

“If we’ve been successful, you should be able to say: I got a vaccine certificate on my phone that I got when I was vaccinated in one country, of my own whole set of health management practices With … that i use Board a plane to a completely different country and then I presented a vaccination credential to that new country so that I could go to the concert that was happening indoors for which attendance was limited to only those who performed Was that they had the vaccine, ”said Brian Bahlfriend, executive director of the Linux Foundation.

“It should be interoperable in the same way that email is interoperable, In the same way that the web is interoperable, “he said.” Right now, we are in a situation where there are some moving parts that bring us closer to that, but I think there is an honest commitment from everyone in the industry. ”

Part of ensuring widespread use for a vaccine passport is accounting for a large subgroup of the global population that still does not access or use smartphones. Some companies within the Kovid-19 Credentials Initiative are also developing a smart card, which strikes a middle ground between the traditional paper vaccine certificate and the online version that is easy to store and reproduce.

“For us it is [about] How digital credentials can be stored and presented in other ways, not only through smartphones, but also for those who do not have access to a stable Internet and who do not have smartphones, “Lucy Yang, co-lead said. Kovid-19 Credentials Initiative. “We are seeing that, and there are companies that are doing really promising work.

CommonPass has partnered with several airlines to launch their health credential app on select international flights.

Once they manufacture a vaccine passport, companies will need to ensure that people are comfortable using it. This means facing concerns about handling private medical information.

CommonPass, IBM and the Linux Foundation have all emphasized privacy for their initiatives. IBM states that it allows users to control and consent to the use of their health data and allows them to choose the level of detail to be provided to the authorities.

“Trust and transparency remain paramount in developing a platform such as Digital Health Passport or any solution that handles sensitive personal information,” the company said in a blog post. “Keeping privacy first is an important priority for managing and analyzing data in response to these complex times.”

With vaccines manufactured by many companies in many countries at different stages of development, there are a lot of variables that passport makers have to take into consideration.

“One point of entry – whether it is a border, whether it is a site – is wanting to know, have you received the Pfizer vaccine, have you received the Russian vaccine, have you received the Chinese vaccine, so they can decide accordingly, “Crampton said. The variance can be broad: the vaccine developed by Chinese state-owned pharmaceutical giant Sinopharma, for example, has an efficacy of 86% against Kovid-19, while vaccines made by Pfizer and Modern have an efficacy of about 95%.

It is also unclear how effective the vaccines are in preventing the transmission of the virus, an infectious disease specialist at Stanford University, Dr. Julie Parsonet says. So while a Vaccine Passport app will show that you have received the shot, it cannot be a guarantee that you safely attend or take a flight to an event.

“We still don’t know whether those vaccinated can spread the infection or not,” she told CNN Business. “We will not know whether a ‘passport’ will be effective until clarified.”

Still, Behlendorf predicts that the vaccine will take place soon after the rollout and adoption of the passport as once everything collapses and expects a variety of apps that will be “widely available” in the first half of 2021 Can work with each other.

“Rest assured, the nerds are on it,” he said.


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