The tax plan harms states with high taxes like New York, New Jersey, Connecticut and California, primarily by eliminating the deduction for state and local income taxes, and paying the property tax deduction to $ 10,000 .  In New York, about 725,000 households in New York would be subject to higher taxes under the proposed property tax limit, with 2.4 million also affected by the increase in tax bills resulting from the SALT elimination, according to Mr. Cuomo's office.
But even in New York, the effects of the tax plan would not be felt uniformly. The four Republican congressmen who voted for the plan -Chis Collins, John Katko, Claudia Tenney and Reed- represent districts in central and western New York with more low-income areas than their Republican colleagues closer to New York City. In the northern districts of the state, the tax plan would benefit those whose incomes are more moderate, they argue, and take the standardized deduction, which would almost double according to plan.
As such, the tax plan has also provided the north of the Republican state with a pure populist message: the tax bill helps as many working class families as it does the upper strata. Mr. Collins, a constant critic of Mr. Cuomo, said that the idea that many wealthy downstaters would have to "suck" and pay more taxes was fine with him.
"We never said we were going to protect one or two percent," Mr. Collins said in an interview on Thursday. "The juxtaposition is that the governor is fighting for the millionaires and billionaires."
On Thursday, the governor once again tried to draw attention to what he called the ills of the tax plan, suggesting that Collins and his Republican colleagues be short-sighted and insincere, noting that those who earn a lot in the Republican districts provided a large amount of state income through taxes. Mr. Cuomo warned about out-of-state tax migration if people with high incomes find that their taxes increase, saying that such development would cause future tax increases for the middle class or a destruction of social services that help the poor.
"If they lose those taxpayers, they will lose their income," the governor said, adding that the tax plan was intended to pay corporate tax reductions and pay tax breaks in the most conservative areas of the country. "They need the money to cut taxes in other states"
The tax bill has already emerged in some of the most competitive careers in the entire state, including in Utica, where Assemblyman Anthony Brindisi, a Democrat, is the main candidate to face Tenney, a Republican. Tim Edson, spokesperson for Ms. Tenney's campaign, said: "When Anthony Brindisi complains about the Republican tax plan, he admits his guilt: that the high tax policies he has imposed on Governor Cuomo are killing New York."  ] But Mr. Brindisi clearly sees political opportunities too. "The more sunlight this tax plan receives, the more people will hate it," he said, noting that a Quinnipiac survey shows that more than half of Americans do not approve the plan, while only 29 percent approve it. In Albany, Mr. Brindisi is also considering state legislation to address a specific area of concern: removing the tax plan from a deduction for teachers who spend their own money on school supplies.
In fact, Mr. Brindisi says that beyond the property the tax cap and the elimination of SALT, a series of less publicized cuts – which include deductions for medical expenses and student debts – will also end up hurting the class half.
"Those are deductions that people use," he said.  In New Jersey, political dynamics are less divided: four of the five Republican congressmen in New Jersey voted against the House's initial bill, and have indicated that, without major changes, they would remain against the law .
The Republican to vote for the bill, Rep. Tom MacArthur, represents a central district of New Jersey where less than half of the households itemize state and local tax deductions, according to his office. And like his colleagues in New York, he argues that the bill will be a necessary challenge for a high-tax state like New Jersey to reform its policies that, he says, cause the high cost of living.
the federal level forces the Democrats in Trenton to do the same, then this would be a welcome new direction for the state and an even greater victory for the taxpayers of New Jersey, "said MacArthur." I'll be delighted to see them change the tax policies and expenditures that have made us the most burdened state in the nation, and I'm sure the taxpayers of New Jersey would agree. "
Even those Republicans who rejected the bills have been taking the debate as a mature moment to attack their state's taxes.
"Our state and local tax deduction is as high as it is because our state and local taxes are as high as they are," said Rep. Lee Zeldin of Long Island, who has been punished by Republican leaders for voting not in the bill of the House. "All levels of government should focus on tax relief."
Mr. Cuomo and his surrogates mock the suggestion that the governor is in favor of taxes, noting several state tax cuts during his nearly seven years in office, as well as a cap on local property taxes. Nor do they provide any basis for the expense, noting a spending cap during Cuomo's tenure as well as the well-documented state of New York as a "donor state," sending Washington more than it receives.
In addition, the governor seems proud of trumpeting progressive policies paid for by the state budget of $ 160,000 million, larger than any state other than California.
"Yes, California, New York are states with high taxes," Mr. Cuomo said on National Public Radio on Wednesday. "We have governments, we believe in providing social services and free university fees, etc. And that is a decision that our states have taken."
The governor's allies also criticized the plan, including the AFL-CIO of the state of New York, which wrote a letter to the state congressional delegation that denounced it as "killing work" and argued that "it reduces taxes" for the rich at the expense of the New York workers. "
If it costs the Republicans at the polls it is an open question. William F.B. O'Reilly, a Republican consultant in New York, called the tax bill "a calculated bet that the cuts, particularly corporate tax cuts, will boost the manufacturing sector enough for working-class Americans to begin to feel optimists again. "  "The problem is that 2019 is too late for electoral considerations," he said. "The Republican members of Congress will be presented at # 18 with a promise that may or may not come true."
Such forecasts are probably disturbing to members of Congress such as John Faso, who faces a tough fight for re-election in his Hudson Valley District. Mr. Faso said he voted not on the tax bill primarily because of concerns about the impact of SALT's elimination, which he said he feared would "accelerate the exodus" of out-of-state residents. From now on, Mr. Faso said he would still vote no, although he still expected changes in the final draft.
But he said he was not worried about Mr. Cuomo's threats, political or otherwise. "There is a lot of time between now and next November," he said. "I'll worry about politics next year."
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