How to protect yourself from coronavirus as skyweight and holidays approach

And with winter approaching, health experts say it’s only going to get worse, as more people gather indoors to avoid the cold weather.

How can you protect yourself and those you love? Here is a refresher on the basics.

Wear masks properly

It’s simple, but wearing masks properly is one of the most important ways you can protect yourself and those around you, health experts say.
A recent report by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington found that if 95% of Americans wore masks, about 70,000 people would survive.
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N95 masks provide the best protection, but they are in short supply, and the CDC is not asking people to go out and buy them, as they are urgently needed by health care workers.

Washable, breathable fabric masks will work, but they must have at least two layers – three are preferable – and you can add a filter for greater protection.

The mask should cover both your nose and mouth, and should fit perfectly, without any gaps.

Health experts said that if you are not a health care worker or are in high-risk situations, goggles or face shields are not necessarily recommended for eye protection.
Not sure how to choose a mask? See these guidelines.

Wash your hands

Washing your hands repeatedly is still one of the most basic and simple things you can do.

Do a good job and scrub under your hands, fingers and your fingernails for at least 20 seconds. Use clean, flowing water to rinse thoroughly, then scrub them dry.

Washing for a short period of time has been shown to wash for at least 20 seconds to remove more germs. The song “Happy Birthday” twice during the wash can serve as a “timer”.

Frequent hand washing will protect you from all types of harmful bacteria and viruses, including influenza and the common cold, including new coronaviruses.
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Use hand sanitizer

Washing hands with good old soap is not as good, but hand sanitizers can be used when there is no alternative.

It is important that both of your hands are fully covered, including between the fingers and under the fingernails. Rub your hands until they are dry. If according to the CDC the sanitizer may not be as effective in that case, then use it liberally.

Unlike the onset of the epidemic, hand sanitizers are relatively easy to find in stores, so don’t try to make your own. Health experts say that it is important that you get the right concentration of alcohol to inactivate the virus.
Check out this list of over 100 dangerous hand sanitizers to avoid. Some contain methanol, which can be fatal. Others do not have enough alcohol.

Reduce your risk

People stand in painted circles, six-feet apart, as they wait in line for two hours on March 23, 2020 in Denver, Colorado.

The best thing you can do is stay at home, if possible, and reduce your risk by cutting down on visits and trips to the store.

Here you should know everything about social distancing
Not everyone has the luxury of doing so. But social distinctions – keeping 6 feet outside of your home between yourself and others – and wearing a mask are important.

The safest place is outside your house. But even there, you should keep a safe distance from those with whom you do not live.

If possible, you can reduce the risk by eating outside instead of dining in restaurants and avoiding public transport.

Going to bars and night clubs is considered the most risky job.

be ready

With coronovirus infections increasing around the country, the coming winter is only going to make things worse as people spend more time together indoors.

And there is always the possibility that if you come in contact with someone who has the virus.

Reduce your risk and be ready to stay home by stocking up.

Public health officials recommend having two weeks of food on hand. Keeping pantry stock will also reduce your trips to the grocery store.

Ensure that you have an adequate cleaning and disinfecting supply and that your medicine cabinet is stocked with cough drops and syrups for cough symptoms, congestion for pain and fever, decongestants for acetaminophen and ibuprofen, and antidiarrheals. Keep adhesive bandages for wounds.

If you take prescription drugs, make sure you have enough.

Check for symptoms and get tested

A member of the Wisconsin National Guard helps test residents for the Kovid-19 at the Drive-Up Testing Center in Miller Park on November 17, 2020 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
Fever, cough and shortness of breath are among the most common symptoms of Kovid-19, a disease that causes the new coronus virus.

But there is diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, fatigue, loss of smell and taste, body aches, mental confusion and even delirium.

Have a runny or stuffy nose? Unless you have a fever, it is probably just allergies, such as due to leaf mold at this time of year.

If you are exposed to coronovirus, the symptoms will likely appear within a week, health experts say. That is, if you are not going to do them at all – which some people do not. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, any or all of the symptoms may appear between two and 14 days after exposure to the virus.

If you suspect that you have become infected, visit a test center near you. Contact your local or state health department to find out where the test has taken place.

Unless you have severe symptoms, avoid the emergency room, which has erupted in many places. Call your doctor and follow his instructions.

According to the CDC, severe symptoms include difficulty breathing, persistent pain or pressure in your chest, new confusion, inability to stay awake or wake up, and face or lip numbness.

In that case, call 911 or call an emergency care facility near you, the CDC advises.

Do not stress about disinfected packages

When the virus first started spreading in the US, we were asked to disinfect our groceries and takeout packages after bringing them home. We now know that this is not necessary – even the US Food and Drug Administration has said that there is no real risk of contracting the virus from those packages.

According to the FDA, the same goes for washing fruits and vegetables. Just rinse them in plain water.

We now know that the main method of infecting a virus is through air drops in an aerosol from an infected person. But it is still important to wash your hands after disinfecting surfaces and touching or touching objects from outside your home.

CNN’s Maggie Fox, Hawley Yan, Sandy Lomotte, AJ Willingham, Kristen Rogers, Scotty Andrew and Alicia Lee contributed to this report.


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