The Nebra Sky Disc is designed to be the oldest known representation of the universe. Exposed by robbers in 1999 and then recovered in a sting a few years later by archaeologists and law enforcement, the ancient bronze artifact, with gold decorations of the night sky, provoked heated debate.
Now, a pair of German archaeologists are questioning the age and origin of the disc, linking another chapter to the intricate saga of the enchanting object.
The disc is currently thought to be around 3,600 years old, dating it to the Bronze Age. The robbers who initially exposed it said it was buried on a hilltop near the city of Nabe, Germany, next to weapons of the same era.
Rupert Gabbard, director of the Bavarian State Archaeological Collection in Munich, and Rudiger Kruse, professor of early European history at Goeth University Frankfurt, now propose that the disc is a product of the Iron Age, which would make it nearly 1,000 years younger.
Researchers also argue that the disk was most likely taken by the robbers from another location to the Nebra site, meaning that it may not be related to other artifacts, or to Nebra itself, which is an archaeological information. According to a study published in the journal.
“We consider the disc as a single artifact, as nothing is fit for it in the vicinity,” Dr. The cross said.
The State Museum of Prehistory in Halle, Germany, which exhibits the Nebra Sky Disc, issued a statement describing the team’s findings as “demonstrably inaccurate” and “easily refuted”.
“The biggest mistake in science is if you don’t mention the whole data,” said museum director Harold Mailer. “These peers refer only to the very limited data it takes to fit their systems.”
Dr. Gabbard and Drs. Kruse casts doubt on many earlier assumptions regarding the disc.
The artifacts are believed to be associated with Bronze Age objects in part because the clay on the objects indicates a common period, but studies point to conflicting court documents regarding those assessments. Dr. Gabbard and Drs. According to Kruse, some of the weapons attached to the disc may not date to the Bronze Age, or may come from the same deposit.
Researchers suspect that the original looters may have taken the artifacts to the Nebras location to keep their site secret from professional archaeologists.
“They never tell you where they dug because it’s like a treasure to them,” Dr. Said Gabbard. “They go back to the same place only to receive and sell new material.”
Controversies about the authenticity of the Nebra Sky Disc are not uncommon. Its stunning design has aroused both experts and the public, but has also sparked concerns that it may be a forgery.
Alison Sheridan, former president of the Prehistoric Society, said, “The problem here is that this is a one-time one that is not included in any team.” “That’s why people have said, maybe it’s a fake.”
Emilia Pesztor, an archaeologist at the Hungarian Spector István Museum, has studied the disc, mentioning that its black market background raises these uncertainties.
“Nebra discs, due to the circumstances of the discovery,” she said, “belong to archaeological finds that can be debated forever until some highly accurate complete dating method can be found for metals.”
Nevertheless, there is now a strong consensus that the Nebra Sky Disc belongs to an ancient artifact.
“This is the second one. This is not fake, ”Dr. Kruse said of the disc. “Can you make it out of it? There is a very interesting scientific discussion that shows the various objects, or purposes, of how to judge this object either in bronze or in the Iron Age.”
To that end, Drs. Mailer’s team intends to publish a rebuttal of the new study. Other archaeologists feel they will have much to work with.
Dr. of new study “What is presented here certainly does not spark the water argument that it is the Bronze Age,” Sheridan said.