How China brought back nearly 200 million students

As countries struggle to resume schools safely, China public schools – including 195 million students in kindergarten through 12th grade – to offer in-person learning to its vast population of students Is using the power of its authoritarian system.

On the first day of school in Wuhan, where coronoviruses first emerged, officials reviewed the students’ travel history and coronavirus exam results. Local Communist Party cadres ensured that teachers followed detailed instructions on hygiene and showed “anti-pandemic feeling”.

The country has adopted many of the same hygiene and elimination procedures, but it has rolled them out with a forceful, command-and-control approach that has no dissent. It has mobilized battalions of local officials to oversee classrooms to monitor students and staff members, as well as deploy applications and other technology.

“The system is run like an army,” said Yong Zhao, a scholar at the University of Kansas who studies education in China. “It just goes for it, no matter what anyone thinks.”

China’s all-out push is a stark contrast with the United States, where the absence of a national strategy or comprehensive testing has left school districts to formulate their approach, with teachers’ unions threatening to strike and colleges. The students of I have flouted the rules against the gatherings.

In China, where the virus has been largely under control for months, there is no such debate. The party controls the courts and the media and silences any perceived threat to its agenda. Local bureaucrats have little choice but to follow the orders of the all-powerful central government. Independent labor unions are banned and activism is discouraged. Administrators forbid college students to leave school grounds or meet friends inside campuses.

Many K-12 schools are already short on staff and resources, and teachers say they are struggling to keep a long list of virus-control functions. Some teachers are getting up at 4 am to review the protocol.

In public universities, which serve about 33 million students in China, campus lockdowns have sparked anger that targets students while exempting faculty and staff. Authorities have also barred students from receiving takeout meals and packages.

“Do you plan to shut us down for life?” Complained of a somporum on the microblogging site Weibo.

  • Emily Bazelan of The Times magazine had a discussion between five experts – including Nicole Hannah-Jones, architect of the 1619 project – about “The Lost Year” of American education and its lasting effects.

  • the Atlantic Published several articles last week, part of an ongoing series on teaching. Here’s how to teach drama remotely. And grandparents can be the secret to a successful home-schooling experience.

  • Matthew Yalgias of Vox looked at how the epidemic could force higher education to adopt technology. “This is forcing a large portion of faculty members in the US to master the technology to create something for a large cost that will be of lasting value for years to come,” he wrote.

  • In The New Yorker, Casey Park noted the lessons learned from schools that were open to children of essential workers.

  • According to The Washington Post report, immunocompromised students are making online friendships in exchange for spending time together.

  • In Axios, Erica Pandey examines which colleges are succeeding in reopening their plans: small schools in rural locations are doing well, but in larger schools, “even the best The laid plans inevitably come apart, ”he wrote.

  • Our colleagues Sean Hubler and Anamona Hartocolis saw how colleges became the new hot spots.

  • A new report estimated that the closure of coronovirus schools could have a negative impact on the US economy for the rest of the century, 74 reported, costing about $ 14.2 trillion over the next 80 years.

  • Most spring classes California State University Will be conducted online. It is the first university in the state to expand virtual education through the entire 2020-2021 school year.

  • Michigan State University Authorities are trying to reduce the spike in Kovid-19 cases on campus. He has asked all students, who are already attending classes remotely, to self-quarantine for 14 days.

  • University of Michigan Are students Taking to TikTok To resist the restrained conditions in the apartment where he is ordered to quarantine: “We have no food, no masks, no gloves, no microwaves, no bedsheets, no soap, no cleaning supplies.” . nothing.”

  • Wrath on Boston college Is increasing

  • Over the weekend, students returning to football attended big parties Florida State University And this University of Kansas.

  • Nearly 15,000 socially disturbed fans watched a football game University of Texas at Austin, Where the stadium normally seats 100,000.

  • St. Joseph’s College Main key Kovid-19 is implementing a “study-in-place” program on campus after at least nine cases.

  • Mark Evester, 57, president of North Georgia Technical College, Kovid-19 died this weekend.

  • In New York City, If teachers do not release protective equipment, the teachers union may reopen if testing and clean school are not released properly. Mayor Bill de Blasio said parents would have access to early testing Reopening their children before school Next week. He said 55 staff members tested positive out of about 17,000 tests.

  • A comprehensive initiative for testing and screening of all 700,000 students and 75,000 employees Los angeles The district superintendent said public schools have started for the virus, with five cases reported last week among more than 5,400 children and adults.

  • In many schools Connecticut Temporarily switching to distance education as teachers and students test positive.

  • A high school in Massachusetts Dozens of students switched to distance education after attending a party.

  • In California, Oregon And Washington, Distance education policies implemented during the epidemic have helped some students learn through fire. “They are still able to school,” one parent told the Times, “even if the school burned to the ground.”

In New York City, more than 100,000 children are homeless – more than the entire school population of Boston, Indianapolis and Rochester. Threatening a massive wave of new families without permanent housing when the epidemic expires, the epidemic worsens the situation.

Now, uneducated families forget and are not sure whether their children will be able to learn from a shelter remotely.

Contributing writer Samantha M. for The Times magazine Shapiro spent the last two years with more than a dozen homeless families. In the latest episode of The Sunday Read, she explores the lives of children living in the shadow of the city. Listen to his story.

Sign up here to get this newsletter in your inbox..