Hopes of Palestinian unity, Middle East News and main news are delayed – tech2.org

Hopes of Palestinian unity, Middle East News and main news are delayed


Two months ago, rival Palestinian factions Hamas and Fatah spoke of a "historic reconciliation" when Hamas agreed to cede power in the Gaza Strip.

Now, the agreement is failing since both parties continue to cling to power and distrust each other.

After 10 years of a bloody dispute that has divided and paralyzed Palestinian society, this result is not surprising. When the new agreement was signed, even the skeptics rubbed their eyes in disbelief.

Could the agreement of October 12, which both parties signed in Cairo under Egyptian supervision, end with the fratricide that many other offers in reconciliation could not?

the beginning seemed promising for some. Following the agreement, the Islamist group Hamas withdrew its officials early last month from the three Gaza border crossings in Erez, Rafah and Karni in a highly symbolic movement to let the Palestinian Authority (PA) controlled by Fatah take control .

The West Bank, once banned by Hamas, began to visit Gaza regularly.

Things seemed to go so well that the United Nations Coordinator for Humanitarian Aid and Development Activities, Robert Piper, wrote an article in The Independent about "upheavals of hope". 19659002] But the reality soon began.

Last Wednesday, two days before Hamas – which took control of Gaza in a bloody coup in 2007 – allegedly handed over the strip to the PA, Mr. Fayez Abu Eitah, a Gaza-based Fatah officer, He read a joint statement.

Both factions "requested that the Egyptian brothers postpone the finalization of the seizure of the government (PA) … from December 1 to December 10" to "complete the arrangements to guarantee achievement of reconciliation."

But that reconciliation seems increasingly unattainable.

Hussein Al-Sheikh, a senior Fatah official, exposed the problem: "The Palestinian government did not receive control (even) of 5 percent of its areas of responsibility in Gaza: not administratively, neither financially nor with respect to to security issues. "

The new arrangements at border crossings illustrate Mr. Al-Sheikh's point.

When Fatah officials entered the offices in Rafah on the border with Egypt, they found that Hamas had taken "computers, files, desks, even chairs," a diplomatic source told the Sunday Times.

They are also forced to remain unarmed. The Hamas guards, whose comrades had expelled PA officials from the rooftops 10 years ago, are supposedly "protecting" them now.

Anyone who wants to use the crossing must go to a nearby sports facility for Hamas to decide who can leave. This has long since become an informal source of income for the Islamist group, as people are allegedly forced to buy to reach the top of a long list. The only thing left for PA officials is to seal Hamas permits.

In light of this, Fatah's top negotiator, Azzam al-Ahmad, accused Hamas in an interview with Agence France-Presse last Wednesday that it was "not committed" to the Cairo agreement.

Neither has the Palestinian Authority been particularly communicative in the West Bank. Gaza residents still receive four to six hours of electricity each day after PA President Mahmoud Abbas reduced payments to the Israeli provider.

The delivery of medical supplies was reestablished, but only intermittently, while the number of permits granted to those who need to go to the West Bank to receive medical treatment has not increased.

Palestinian Authority security forces continue to arrest dozens of Hamas operatives, who, for their part, are attempting to carry out terrorist attacks. Abbas "believes that only extreme pressure brought Hamas to the negotiating table, and that is why he wants to keep it," diplomatic sources in Ramallah suggested.

More importantly, the most controversial issues have not been resolved. One is the fate of tens of thousands of officials.

When Hamas took control of Gaza, the Palestinian Authority ordered its 70,000 public officials not to comply with Hamas orders. They received their salary to stay at home.

Hamas then hired up to 50,000 new public officials from within its own political constituency.

After the reconciliation, there will have to be mbadive layoffs since both parties can not support an inflated public service. Apparently, Fatah offered to take over some 8,000 Hamas employees, but the Islamists want the 50,000 to stay.

Nothing, however, is as delicate as the army that Hamas has built in Gaza that has already waged three bloody wars with Israel and maintains strict control of the strip.

Abbas had said he wanted to avoid a "Liberalization" of Gaza, which means paying all Gaza's expenses and taking responsibility for its residents as long as the royal power remains with Hamas, who can decide whether to pursue the war or the peace.

Mr. Al-Sheikh had insisted: "Weapons are not a problem related to a certain faction, there will be a single law with only one weapon."

Hamas, however, sees things differently. Mr. Khalil al-Hayya, his vice president in Gaza, declared last week: "The arms of the resistance are our dignity and we will not allow any discussion on this."

Mr. Ghbadan Khatib, a former minister of the Palestinian Authority, believes that the decision to delay the handover of power in Gaza came under pressure from the Egyptian delegation.

Cairo is heavily involved in this political process and "wants success, so they suggested 10 days and promised to keep pushing the two sides." , He said.

Without end to the differences in view, the delay requested could be indefinite.

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