When it comes to science and environmental issues compared to other parts of the world, people in America are more sharply divided along political lines, new research suggests.
Globally, those who see themselves on the left side of politics tend to be more concerned about the environment than those who see themselves on the right or center field.
But in the US, according to an international survey by the Pew Research Center, this division is very sharp. Approximately 10 out of 10 US citizens who are politically right would prefer to protect the environment, even if it is due to slower economic growth and some loss of jobs, compared to 87% of those on the left.
In Europe, Australia, Canada, Brazil and South Korea, the division was much less marked. In the UK on the right, 68% would prefer the environment, similar to the numbers in Italy, Sweden, Poland, Spain and France. In Britain, on the left, 84% would prefer environmental protection, similar to the proportion in other European countries.
The survey was published on Tuesday, earlier this year, before an outbreak of coronovirus reached epidemic proportions.
Overall, there was still a clear majority that supported the protection of the environment in the US, at about two-thirds (64%) of the population, with an equal number (63%) saying that the government would address the climate crisis She was doing very little. . About half of the respondents stated that climate change was a very serious problem, and human activity contributed greatly to climate change.
Only one in five people with right-wing political views said they had great faith in scientists, while six out of more than 10 people on the left in America.
Pew results show that people in 20 countries around the world have generally strong ties to scientists, with nearly eight in 10 globally saying that government investment in scientific research was worthwhile.
Carrie Funk, director of science and society research at Pew, said: “These findings generally demonstrate the positive views that have been made publicly to scientists and their work around the world, as well as in many places on ideological fault lines Catch how much trust scientists have. “
Although questions were asked before the effects of coronovirus were apparent, they could indicate difficulties for governments in deploying vaccines.
Respondents were asked about the preventive health benefits of childhood vaccines, such as measles, mumps, and rubella. In Sweden, the majority (84%) said the gains were higher, but in Russia only 49% said no. In the US, one in 10 stated that there were no preventive health benefits from such vaccines, and 37% stated that there was a high or moderate risk of side effects.
In Britain, six out of 10 people said they felt the country’s achievements in science were above average, or the best in the world. Around seven in 10 said the UK government was not taking enough action on the climate crisis.