G.O.P. Push to avoid government closure, but the road is complicated



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"Look, there will not be a government shutdown," he said on ABC's "This Week." "It just is not going to happen."

But the dispute between Mr. Trump and the leading Democratic leaders of Congress provided ample cause for concern. Acrimony is a radical change since a few months ago, when Trump sided with the leaders, Senator Chuck Schumer of New York and Representative Nancy Pelosi of California, in a short-term agreement to finance the government and increase the limit. Of the debt .

Now, the president is in direct conflict with "Chuck and Nancy," as he called them, at a time when the Democrats have substantial influence. Democrats can block the measure of provisional spending in the Senate, and Democratic votes may also be needed to obtain the measure through the House if enough Republicans rebel against it. Any package of long-term spending would also need Democratic votes.

Citing the power that Democrats have under Senate rules, Arizona Republican Representative Trent Franks complained last week that his party was being forced, despite having majorities in both houses, "Produce basically a Democratic document. "

"It's an untenable and unfeasible thing, and it's an incredible way to drive a railroad," he said.

The provisional spending measure would provide more time for negotiations between the two parties on the strict increase in spending limits that were imposed in 2011 in their attempt to work towards a long-term spending agreement for the 2018 fiscal year , which started October 1st.

In an agreement to raise the limits, hawks of the defense want a considerable increase in military spending. But Democrats are pushing to ensure that non-defense spending increases by the same amount as military spending. Once the leaders of the Congress reach an agreement to increase the ceilings, a package of long-term expenses can be negotiated. Lawmakers could approve another provisional spending measure later in December to keep the government open until that long-term package is ready to vote.

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President Trump at a White House meeting on Tuesday with Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky and Speaker Paul D. Ryan of Wisconsin. Senator Chuck Schumer and Representative Nancy Pelosi, the Democratic leaders, did not show up after Trump attacked them on Twitter.

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Doug Mills / The New York Times

"We want to keep the government open," Pelosi said last week. "That's what it's about." But he emphasized the need to provide an acceptable increase in non-defensive spending as part of an agreement to increase spending ceilings, citing issues such as providing funds to address the opioid epidemic.

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Lawmakers are also pushing to provide tens of billions of dollars in additional humanitarian aid in response to hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria. Members of both parties requested a request from the White House last month to provide $ 44 billion in insufficient aid.

To further complicate the divisive issues are being addressed on Capitol Hill beyond funding the government. Republicans are approaching to send their tax review to Mr. Trump, a feat that would represent his first major legislative achievement of his presidency, and hope to finish that job at Christmas.

The future of the insurance markets under Affordable Care The law is also a matter of debate, especially after the Senate Republicans added a provision to their tax bill that would end the health care law requirement that Most people have coverage or pay a fine. The Congressional Budget Office has projected that the repeal of the so-called individual mandate would increase average premiums in the individual market by approximately 10 percent.

A withholding tax bill, Sen. Susan Collins, Republican of Maine, decided to support the legislation in part because Mr. McConnell pledged to endorse the approval, before the end of the year, of two measures aimed at reduce premiums under the Affordable Care Act, which Ms. Collins suggested would mitigate the effects of the termination of the individual mandate. One of those measures would provide funds for subsidies to insurers that Mr. Trump had suspended.

But it remains unclear to what other legislation these measures would be linked and how Republicans in the House of Representatives could have received such a measure. subsidies as a bailout for insurers. Lawmakers must also provide funds for the Children's Health Insurance Program, whose funding expired at the end of September.

Then there's the issue of immigration. Democrats want to secure a deal to protect unauthorized young immigrants who are at risk because of Mr. Trump's decision to end Deferred Action for Children, or DACA, the Obama-era program that protects them from deportation .

Another Republican against the Bill tax, Senator Jeff Flake of Arizona, said in announcing his support for the tax review that had obtained the commitment of Senate leaders and the Trump administration to work with him to enact protections for the DACA receivers.

The spending negotiations give the Democrats leverage to reach an agreement on that issue. But Republican leaders want to address it separately.

To force the issue, the Democrats could draw a line and deny their support for a measure to finance the government. But Mr. McConnell warned against that approach on Sunday, noting that Mr. Trump had given Congress until March to find a solution to DACA.

"I do not think the Democrats are too smart to say they want to close the government on a non-emergency that we can address at any time between now and March," said Mr. McConnell. "That is a very untenable position."

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Democrats are quick to point out which party has control of the government.

"Everyone knows that Republicans are in charge," said Matt House, a spokesman for Mr. Schumer. "If the government closes, it will be on your back."

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