FOCUS – The Minister of Transport presented his legal orientation on mobilities on Monday. There are no important projects in sight, but "tools" made available to elected officials and transport operators to get out of the "all automobile". LCI summarizes the main measures.
– The writing of LCI.
While the movement of the yellow vests persists, Elisabeth Borne presented her orientation of mobilities of law. This law is the result of a process initiated a year ago with Assises de la mobilité. But while some measures have been advertised along the water, others fall at the right time in the face of the wrath of the yellow vests, which are supposed to represent the isolated municipalities of France. For some, the bill has even been revised to get better reception.
"We will put the package in (…) these territories that have been forgotten in all the TGV with investments directed to the daily transport", said the Minister of Transport in a press conference, assuring however that "This law is not a project of circumstance. "
"The state is no longer satisfied with building infrastructure, it assumes a role of facilitator that provides all the necessary tools to provide the best answers, invent, innovate and improve the daily journey of our fellow citizens," sums up his ministry. So what is it? LCI goes back to the main measures.
Several thousand million euros in rail transport.
The executive plans to invest 13.4 billion euros in the next five years, 40% more than in the last five years, and then again at 14.3 billion euros during the period 2023-2027. The priority ? The daily transport and above all … the train. 51% of the budget goes to the railway, an amount that adds to the 3.6 billion euros invested annually by SNCF.
Among the projects in which the government is committed: the Bordeaux-Toulouse high-speed line (LGV), the launch of a new line between Paris and Normandy (work started at the Saint-Lazare station at the end of the five-year period). years), a new line also between Roissy-Picardie, with a focus on regional trains, or the purchase of new trains and the renewal of lines on the Paris-Orléans-Limoges-Toulouse and Paris-Clermont axes.
The focus on vehicle sharing and cycling.
A "sustainable mobility package" up to 400 euros per month.
The state will propose for the year 2020 to its own agents, a package of up to 200 euros per year to encourage travel by car or bicycle. Private employers are invited to do the same and can benefit from it to finance 400 euros per year per employee in question (tax-free and social contributions).
The "bicycle plan" integrated.
The "bike plan", presented last September, has been incorporated into the law. Specifically, the government puts on the table 350 million euros spread over seven years, even to develop bike lanes. The objective is to triple in a few years the participation of this mode of clean transport in the movements of the French, from 3% to 9%.
Shared travel lanes
Local authorities may open reserved lanes for shared vehicles or less polluting vehicles on main roads, highways and peripheries. And, to avoid abuse, surveillance cameras with license plate recognition should multiply.
Communities will also be able to implement solutions such as "the development of vehicle sharing platforms, the organization of an on-demand transportation service or the introduction of car-sharing vehicles," the government said.
The establishment of "low emission zones" in large cities.
The "low emission zones" could be deployed in large cities. So, what are we talking about? In fact, the most polluting vehicles according to the Crit & # 39; Air classification can be banned from certain territories defined in different ways, for example, at certain dates or time intervals. These modalities will be defined by the localities themselves. A measure that recalls Anne Hidalgo's desire to ban the car, in case of re-election in 2020, in the first four districts of Paris.
Fifteen cities have already committed to using this device by 2020. For the government, it is really this device that could help to escape the EU sanctions for breach of European Union quality standards. Ventilate the most contaminated areas.
Developing the car of tomorrow: even autonomous electric.
Autonomous collective ferries will be authorized in 2020 and autonomous vehicles for individuals two years later.
In the case of electric cars, electric charging stations will be developed, for example, they will be compulsory in parking lots with more than 20 spaces in non-residential buildings by 2025.
Two measures abandoned: urban tolls and the heavy goods label.
To avoid fueling discontent, the government has abandoned two politically risky measures:
The possibility left the agglomerations to install urban tolls and bullet trucks.
The urban tolls were perceived as "prone to accentuate the fractures between territories", justifies the Ministry of Transport. Clearly, it was about establishing a "congestion rate" in the main French cities to limit environmental discomforts such as air pollution. Still present in the project last October, these tolls imposed a "right" of 5 euros to enter the agglomerations of more than 500,000 inhabitants and 2.50 euros for those with more than 100,000 inhabitants. It already exists abroad, especially in London or Milan, but the large French cities, taking into account Paris, prefer the Crit & # 39; air cartoons system, which limits the circulation of the most polluting vehicles.
The heavyweight bullet, ecotax substitution plan is postponed. The intention was to "involve infrastructure financing, especially those that do not participate today," said the Minister of Transportation. "For example, trucks that fill in Luxembourg or Belgium, cross France, then refuel in Spain and have not paid the fuel tax." It was to bring between 320 and 560 million euros to the government. Faced with this lack, Elisabeth Borne says do not leave permanently.
In any case, the future will continue to be played on the roads, a sign that everything possible is not done to "detoxify the diesel in France". 39% of the budget will be used for renovations and the creation of new roads. Within five years, the construction of four toll motorways will begin: Toulouse-Castres (A69), Route Center Europe Atlantique (RCEA) in Allier (A79), deviation from Rouen (A133 and A134), completion of the Rouen Axis. Orléans in Eure-et-Loir (A154), completion in the mid-2020s of the duplication of the highly accidental Route Center Europe Atlantique (RCEA) in Saone-et-Loire (N70, N79). and N80) or desaturation of the Toul-Nancy-Metz-Luxembourg axis (project A31bis) for 2027.