President Donald Trump is considering recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, officials say, a heavily charged statement that risks inflaming tensions throughout the Middle East.
Since it was first established in the Bronze Age, Jerusalem has been conquered, burned and rebuilt many times.
3,000 to 2,500 BC – The city on the hills separating the fertile Mediterranean coast of present-day Israel from the arid deserts of Arabia was colonized by pagan tribes in what would later be known as the land of Canaan. The Bible says that the last Canaanites who ruled the city were the Jebusites.
1,000 BC – According to archaeological evidence, King David conquered the city. He was warned that "even the blind and the lame can avoid it," the Bible says. He called his conquest The City of David and made it the capital of his new kingdom.
960 a. C. – David's son, Solomon, built the first Jewish temple. The Bible says that the Israelites also fought in many wars against another Canaanite tribe called the Philistines who lived along the south coast.
721 BC – The Assyrians conquered part of the land of Israel called Samaria, and the Jewish refugees fled to Jerusalem, causing the city to expand.
701 BC – the Assyrian ruler Sennacherib laid siege to Jerusalem.
586 a. C. – The Babylonian troops occupied the city, destroying the temple and exiling many Jews.
539 BC – The Persian king Cyrus the Great conquered the Babylonian empire, including Jerusalem.
516 BC – King Cyrus allowed the Jews to return to Jerusalem to rebuild. The Jews built the Second Temple.
445-425 BC – Nehemiah the Prophet rebuilt the walls of the city.
332 a.C. – Alexander the Great of Macedonia took control. After his death, his empire was divided into four, including the Seleucid Empire that contained the land of Israel and its former enemies, the Philistines (Palestine).
160-167 BC – The rebellion of the Maccabees of the Jews, launched against the Seleucid Empire and the Greek influence, eventually restored the city to Jewish control. The Jewish Chanukah holiday celebrates the purification of the Second Temple after the Maccabees reconquered the city.
141 B.C. – The Hasmonean dynasty of Jewish rulers began, and the city grew.
63 B.C. – the Roman general Pompey captured Jerusalem.
37 B.C. – The Roman client, King Herod, renewed the Second Temple and added retaining walls, one of which remains today and is called the Western Wall, or Wall of Lamentations by the Jews.
30 AD – Jesus was crucified by the Roman soldiers.
70 – During another Jewish revolt, the Romans destroyed their temple and exiled many Jews.
135 – The Romans rebuilt Jerusalem as their own city.
335 – The Roman emperor Constantine built the church of the Holy Sepulcher on the place where it was said that Jesus had been buried and rose from the dead.
614 – The Persians capture Jerusalem.
629 – Byzantine Christians recover Jerusalem.
632 – Muhammed, the prophet of Islam, died and was said to ascend to heaven from a rock in the center of where the Jewish Temple used to be.
637 – Caliph Omar entered the city to accept the surrender of his Byzantine ruler, Patriarch Sophronius.
691 – The Muslim sanctuary known as Haram al Sharif, or the Dome of the Rock, was built around that place where Mohammed was said to have ascended to heaven, remains there today.
1099-1187 – The Christian Crusaders occupied Jerusalem, claiming it was an important religious site.
1187 – Salladin captures Jerusalem from the Crusaders.
1229-1244 – The Crusaders recover Jerusalem twice.
1250 – Muslim rulers dismantle the walls of the city.
1517 – The Ottoman Empire captures Jerusalem and Suleiman the Magnificent rebuilds the walls from 1538 to 1541.
1917 – The British capture Jerusalem in the First World War.
1948 – State is established of Israel, dividing the city between Israel and Jordan.
1967 – Israel captured East Jerusalem and immediately annexed it, granting Arab residents (Palestinians) permanent residence, but not citizenship.
Sources: History.com, Jewish Virtual Library, Lost Islamic History, B & # 39; Tselem
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