False claims shared by President Trump that only 6% of CDC-reported deaths were from COVID-19 are based on


Claim

Out of all the 153,504 deaths recorded, only 6% were actually Kovid deaths, the rest being other serious illnesses.

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Inflammatory argument: Because 94% of the death certificates of COVID-19 are listed, the author of the claim stated for the wrong reasons that only 6% of the deaths currently attributed to COVID-19 were actually caused by the disease. It is incorrect to assume that every patient who had COVID-19, among other medical conditions, died of medical conditions and not COVID-19.

Misleaders: Comorbidities are medical conditions that weaken the patient and may reduce their chances of surviving COVID-19 but are not the underlying cause of death. It fails to claim that doctors assess the full range of clinical events leading to the death of a patient. For deaths from COVID-19, the clinical events evaluated should be consistent with known COVID-19 symptoms.

Significant achievements

The cause of death is defined as a medical condition that triggers a series of clinical events that leads to a patient’s death. In contrast, comorbidities are medical conditions, either pre-existing or as a result of a first aid condition, which weaken a patient’s resistance to injuries or diseases and indirectly contribute to their death. Comorbidities were suggested in many patients who died from COVID-19, these conditions increasing the likelihood of their death from COVID-19. For these patients, COVID-19 is the cause of their deaths, as many may not have died from their comorbidities.

Full Clam: Out of all the 153,504 deaths recorded, only 6% were actually Kovid deaths, the rest being other serious illnesses.

Review

Only 6% of officially recorded COVID-19 deaths in the US actually began circulating on social media in late August 2020, and were shared on Twitter by US President Donald Trump. The author of this claim, in his challenge against the accuracy of data from the American Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), has used flawed logic to confuse the cause of death with a comradeship of patients who died from COVID-19. Lists the probability of.

On 26 August 2020, the CDC reported that 6% of COVID-19 deaths were not associated with comorbidity. Based on this report, the claim states that only 6% of people actually died of the disease and another 94% died of their comorbidities. An alternative version of the claim states that currently only 6% of deaths due to COVID-19 are due to disease alone, and that in addition to the reported comorbidity death for other patients with COVID-19. Or alternative reasons. Both claim that comorbidity as the cause of death rather than as a contributing factor to the patient’s demise is incorrect.

In its guidelines, the CDC states that the cause of death is “illness or injury, which has initiated the train of morbid events to lead directly to death”. In the case of COVID-19, comorbidities, which are stated elsewhere on the death certificate, are medical conditions that reduce the patient’s overall health and weaken their ability to survive COVID-19. Some of the comorbidities may already be present, such as diabetes, while others may be a consequence of infection by SARS-COV-2, although not directly involved in the sequence of clinical events leading to death. Therefore, a major difference between the cause of death and comorbidity is that comorbidities do not trigger the chain of events of a patient’s death. In many cases, if illness or injury were avoided, those patients with comradeship would not have died at that time. For example, as seen in Table 3 of this CDC report, 4.6% of patients who died of COVID-19 had malignant neoplasm (cancer), which indicated an inability to survive COVID-19.

On 16 April 2020, the World Health Organization stated that comorbidities may increase the risk of dying from COVID-19 in their international guidelines for certification and classification of COVID-19 as a cause of death:

“There is increasing evidence that people with existing chronic conditions or compromised immune systems are at greater risk of death due to COVID-19 due to disability. Chronic conditions can be non-communicable diseases such as coronary artery disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and diabetes or disability. If the deceased had chronic conditions, eg, they should be reported in Part 2 of the medical certificate of the cause of death. “

Furthermore, it fails to claim that a patient’s death certificate reports the full range of medical events that may have led to their death. For example, a specific death certificate of someone who died of COVID-19 states that the death was caused by COVID-19 after acute respiratory distress syndrome caused by pneumonia. The deaths are not classified as “COVID-19 deaths” because the disease is confirmed or suspected. Instead, the patient’s clinical development should be consistent with the course of the disease being classified as death from COVID-19. The World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines also state that “persons with COVID-19 may die from other diseases or accidents, such cases are not deaths due to COVID-19 and are certified as such Should not be done. ” For example, a patient whose death certificate lists cancer as the cause of death has indicated that the clinical signs and symptoms would correspond to cancer, not with COVID-19. Such a patient will not be reported as COVID-19 dead.

Furthermore, the claim is incorrect that only 6% of the patients who did not have comorbidity actually died of the disease. By doing so, the claim incorrectly presumes that if combo acidity was present in patients who died from COVID-19, then comorbidity was the cause of death, not COVID-19. There is no reason to believe that a patient suffering from Alzheimer’s disease and COVID-19, for example, will always die from the former and never since, nor do all deceased patients who were obese and suffer from COVID-19 , Had died. Obesity no more than COVID-19.

The CDC also compares the number of deaths in 2020, which determines the amount of “excess deaths” the average number of deaths in the previous year. As shown in the figure below, there was a slight increase in the number of deaths in early January 2018 compared to a severe influenza season (Figure 1). There were also higher numbers of deaths during the second and third quarters of 2020. For April 2020 and May 2020, the average number of deaths was more than 110,000 compared to previous years. new York Times Has reported Between March and August 2020 there have been at least 200,000 deaths in the US. This number is far more than the 9,000 deaths of patients who did not present comradities. The claim hypothesis is inconsistent with the high mortality rate in the US this year.

Figure 1: All-cause deaths occurred in the US from January 2017 to August 2020. The orange line is the estimated number of deaths based on the average mortality rate of previous years. Deaths above the threshold (orange line) are considered “excess deaths”. The weeks where additional deaths are recorded are marked by a red cross. Data and data are from the American CDC.

In summary, the claim confuses the actual cause of death, which is the event that leads to a series of medical events leading to death, which include comorbidity, which is a medical condition that a patient has May weaken overall health and thus contribute to the fatal outcome of a disease. As stated by the WHO, patients with poor health are more likely to die of COVID-19 in patients who are usually in good health. However, the presence of additional medical conditions does not mean that these patients cannot die from COVID-19. The logic of the claim is flawed, as it holds that 94% of deceased patients who did not have COVID-19 and another medical condition COVID-19 and always died of other conditions. Deaths recorded in 2020 reflect a significant number of significant deaths compared to previous years, although there is no data or mechanism to suggest that the number of deaths from previously known medical conditions such as Alzheimer’s, diabetes, or the like Why there will be an increase. obesity. The spike in more deaths seen this year can only be attributed to the coronid-19 epidemic caused by the novel coronovirus SARS-COV-2.

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