Ethiopia’s war criminals were able to leave the Italian embassy after nearly 30 years


Barhanu Beheh and Addis Tedla, two senior officials of the former Mengistu military regime in Ethiopia who were sentenced to death for war crimes, were given probation by an Ethiopian federal court according to a diplomatic source with knowledge of the situation.
He was sentenced to death in 2008 in absentia, along with former Soviet-backed Ethiopian dictator Mengistu Halle Mariam, for torture of thousands and hanging of thousands.
The President of Ethiopia, Sahle-Work Jwade, sentenced his death sentence to life imprisonment on 19 December. The federal court gave him a two-to-one vote in favor of granting parole after Gedian Timothevos, the Attorney General of Ethiopia, on Christmas Eve, because of his old age.

Both are now awaiting the official broadcast of the sentence from the Ethiopian Foreign Ministry, at which point they will leave.

The Italian Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs, Emanula Claudia del Rey, thanked Ethiopia for granting probation.

“An old page of history has definitely changed,” he said In a tweet on Monday. “Italy and Ethiopia share a long and prosperous future together.”

“Life is a human right – a decision to give probation to former government officials with obligations and commitments on human rights,” said Daniel Bekele, the Chief Commissioner of the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission, which describes itself as an “independent nation”. Institute. “It is also a symbolic indicator of Ethiopia’s commitment to turn a page on one of the saddest chapters of its history.”

Mengistu was the president of Derge, which came to power in Ethiopia after the 1974 coup. Baig served as Durge’s foreign minister for some time and Tedla was the defense chief.

In 1977 and 1978, Derg violated several human rights during what became known as the Red Terror. According to Amnesty International, several thousand people – mostly school and university students and young intellectuals – were suspected of protesting against Darge and were killed on the streets and in prisons in Addis Ababa and other cities in the center of the country.

There was control of the same regime during the drought and famine in the 1980s, which claimed an estimated 800,000 lives.

When the regime collapsed in 1991, and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front moved to the capital Bay, now in the 70s, and Tedla, in her early 80s, sought refuge at the Italian embassy in Addis Ababa. Since May 26, 1991, they have been confined inside the walls of the complex, the source told CNN.

His 29-year diplomatic asylum stay is considered the longest, lasting more than 22 years as Julian Assange’s promotion at the Ecuadorian Embassy in London.

The Rights Commission says at least 600 civilians were killed in the northern Ethiopia massacre
He never had a lawyer, but requested asylum within the embassy, ​​which was never granted. However, the Italian embassy accepted both individuals because of their opposition to the death penalty.

The diplomatic source said that he has spent his day roaming the small grounds of the outside world and watching television.

Two other men, Tesfaye Gebre Kidane and Haileu Yimenu, also took refuge in the embassy in 1991. A few years later Yimenu committed suicide, while Kidan died in an accident in 2004. The source CNN says that could not expand further after Kidane’s death. The press was released, but said it did not include Bayeh or Tedla.

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