Numerous world leaders tried on Tuesday to convince US President Donald Trump not to take measures that would change the status of Jerusalem, with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan warning that Ankara would sever ties with Israel if the United States recognized Jerusalem as its capital.
In a movement widely perceived in Jerusalem as an Erdogan effort to be seen as a leader in the Muslim world, he said at a meeting of his AKP Party that Jerusalem was a "red line" for Muslims.
This could go as far as cutting off our diplomatic relations with Israel. You can not take that step, "the Hurriyet newspaper quoted him as adding that this would not only be a violation of international law, but also" a great blow to the conscience of humanity. "
According to the report, Erdogan added: "Has the United States completed everything and only this remains?"
Israel, accustomed to the verbal attacks of the Turkish president, dismissed his threats, and diplomatic officials responded that "Jerusalem has been the capital of the Jews. "People for 3,000 years, and Israel for the last 70, whether Erdogan recognizes it or not."
The Minister of Education, Naftali Bennett, pointed out that Erdogan "does not lose the opportunity" to attack Israel. But, he added, "Israel must advance in its objectives, including the recognition of the United Jerusalem as the capital of the State of Israel, there will always be those who criticize, but at the end of the day it is better to have a united Jerusalem than Erdogan's sympathy."
The Minister of Transport and Intelligence, Israel Katz, said that Israel "does not accept directives or threats from Turkey." "Israel is a" sovereign state and Jerusalem is its capital, "Katz said." There is nothing more historically just or right than to recognize Jerusalem, which has been the capital of the Jewish people for 3,000 years, as the capital of the State of Israel. . The days of the Sultan and the Ottoman Empire are over. "
Israel and Turkey resumed full diplomatic relations last year, after a six-year fall after the MV Mavi Marmara incident, in which nine Turks were killed when the commandos of the IDF boarded a ship trying to break the naval blockade of the Gaza Strip.
Although his tone was the most strident, Erdogan was not the only world leader urging Trump to reconsider his plans for Jerusalem.
European leaders in Brussels, Paris and Berlin, as well as critical partners for the president's flourishing peace effort in Riyadh and across the Gulf, warned Trump and his officials that such a move would be "counterproductive" to the pursuit of peace and peace. "would have a negative impact" on the future diplomatic initiative that might have been stored.
His warnings came amid recognition by the State Department of Trump's possible actions: recognizing Jerusalem as the Israeli capital, moving the U The embassy there from Tel Aviv, or both, could well lead to violence in the region and in American diplomatic facilities around the world.
Politico, a newscast based in Washington, reported that two classified diplomatic cables had been sent to embassies in recent weeks urging preparation before a potential announcement.
While several US media reported that Trump plans to announce US recognition of Jerusalem in a speech on Wednesday, others have said the decision has been postponed until at least next week. The White House has not confirmed that such a speech will be made.
In describing Trump's call with French President Emmanuel Macron, the White House said the two leaders "discussed the path to peace in the Middle East." The Elysee Palace was more descriptive.
"The French president expressed his concern about the possibility that the United States unilaterally recognize Jerusalem as the capital of the State of Israel," said a Paris statement. "Mr. Macron reaffirmed that the state of Jerusalem must be resolved through peace negotiations between Israelis and Palestinians."
The French government also said that Macron and Trump agreed to "re-examine this issue soon", suggesting that Macron understood that Trump was undecided about importing. In fact, Jared Kushner, the son-in-law and chief adviser to the president, in charge of leading the administration's peace initiative, said on Sunday that Trump "was still considering many different facts" and that a final decision had been reported. premature.
The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Germany, Sigmar Gabriel, echoed Macron and asked that the matter be determined in direct negotiations. So did the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs, Federica Mogherini, who told reporters that the topic topped the agenda of her meeting with the Secretary of State of the United States Rex Tillerson.
"We believe that any action that undermines these efforts should be absolutely avoided," Mogherini said. "A path must be found through negotiations to resolve the state of Jerusalem as the future capital of both states so that the aspiration of both parties can be fulfilled"
"We will discuss this further with Prime Minister Netanyahu next Monday here in Brussels, "he added.