Cases of scarlet fever have been declining for decades until " dramatic increase "was discovered in England in 2014. Now researchers who write in The Lancet say that England is experiencing an" unprecedented increase in scarlet fever with the highest incidence for nearly 50 years ".

But they say that the reasons for the escalation are not clear and the identification of the cause "remains a public health priority".

Their findings are based on a survey of scarlet fever notifications from January 1, 1911 to December 31, 2016 in England and Wales.

"The population rates of scarlet fever increased by a factor of three between 2013 and 2014," the researchers write. That saw that infection rates ranged from 8.2 to 27.2 per 100,000 people.

Additional increases were observed in 2015, when the rate was 30.6 per 100,000, and again in 2016 with 33.2 per 100,000.

In a total of 19,206 in 2016, it was "the highest number of cases and the reporting rate of scarlet fever since 1967.

So, what is scarlet fever?

Scarlet fever, or scarlet fever, is a bacterial infection Specifically, it is a "group One" infectious "streptococcal disease, which usually occurs in childhood and more commonly in winter and spring.

In England, the average age of cases in 2014 was 4 years, "with an incidence of 186 per 100,000 children" under the age of ten, researchers say in The Lancet . Although adults also get it.

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention UU they claim that an A Strep group can cause a variety of infections "from minor diseases to very serious and deadly diseases."

Most scarlet cases are ever mild, according to key data provided by the World Health Organization. Health, "however, complications can occur, such as acute rheumatic fever and / or acute kidney disease."

What are the symptoms?

The WHO lists the following symptoms: high fever, high throat or a skin infection and a rash around the neck, armpits or groin, which spreads throughout the body. After approximately 2-7 days of the rash, the skin slowly peels off. The rash may feel like sandpaper.

Symptoms also include a whitish layer on the tongue at the beginning of the disease, or what the CDC describes as a "strawberry-like (red and bumpy) tongue and swollen glands in the neck." [19659008] Scarlet fever usually occurs after infection with group A streptococci in the throat or on the skin, "continues key WHO data." Only about 10% of group A streptococcus that causes the disease produces the toxin. or poison that causes scarlet fever. "

But the CDC says that cases can also occur" along with strep throat, "a throat infection caused by group A Strep.

The incubation period (time from infection to the onset of the first symptoms) is between two and six days.

You or your child may also experience headaches or body aches, nausea, vomiting or abdominal pain.

It is a pretty range large of fairly common symptoms, so consult a doctor if you are not sure.

How is scarlet fever transmitted?

Scarlet fever is spread from person to person through "respiratory drops or through direct contact with mucus, saliva or the skin of infected people," reports the WHO.

Respiratory droplets are water-based but potentially desiccant residues, caused when humans breathe, speak, sneeze or cough, and contain infectious pathogens.

As with most infectious diseases, scarlet fever spreads rapidly where there is close contact with other people in overcrowded situations and in large groups, such as homes, public transportation, day care centers and schools.

So avoid direct contact with people who have scarlet fever.

And wash your hands regularly and properly, especially after you cough or sneeze and before preparing or eating food. It is the best way to reduce the risk of scarlet fever or spread it.

Children between the ages of 5 and 15 are at greater risk.

How is scarlet fever treated?

The most common treatment continues to be antibiotics, such as penicillin or amoxicillin for people who are not allergic to penicillin. There are other antibiotics for people allergic to penicillin.

While there is growing resistance to antibiotics, the CDC says that "antibiotics help shorten the time someone is sick, prevent transmission of the disease to others and prevent complications such as rheumatic fever." "

If you are taking antibiotics for scarlet fever and have done so correctly for 24 hours or more, the CDC says that it will generally no longer be infectious to other people.

But always consult a health professional for treatment. best advice for your specific condition.

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